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8 Logging Calculations

The --log option allows you to save the results of calculations in a file; this can be useful if you need a permanent record of your work. For example, the fluid-flow conversion in Complicated Unit Expressions, is lengthy, and if you were to use it in designing a piping system, you might want a record of it for the project file. If the interactive session

# Conversion factor A1 for pressure drop
# dP = A1 rho f L Q^2/d^5
You have: (8/pi^2) (lbm/ft^3)ft(ft^3/s)^2(1/in^5) # Input units
You want: psi
        * 43.533969
        / 0.022970568

were logged, the log file would contain

### Log started Fri Oct 02 15:55:35 2015

# Conversion factor A1 for pressure drop
# dP = A1 rho f L Q^2/d^5
From: (8/pi^2) (lbm/ft^3)ft(ft^3/s)^2(1/in^5)   # Input units
To:   psi
        * 43.533969
        / 0.022970568

The time is written to the log file when the file is opened.

The use of comments can help clarify the meaning of calculations for the log. The log includes conformability errors between the units at the ‘You have: and ‘You want: prompts, but not other errors, including lack of conformability of items in sums or differences or among items in a unit list. For example, a conversion between zenith angle and elevation angle could involve

You have: 90 deg - (5 deg + 22 min + 9 sec)
                                   ^
Illegal sum or difference of non-conformable units
You have: 90 deg - (5 deg + 22 arcmin + 9 arcsec)
You want: dms
        84 deg + 37 arcmin + 51 arcsec
You have: _
You want: deg
        * 84.630833
        / 0.011816024
You have:

The log file would contain

From: 90 deg - (5 deg + 22 arcmin + 9 arcsec)
To:   deg;arcmin;arcsec
        84 deg + 37 arcmin + 51 arcsec
From: _
To:   deg
        * 84.630833
        / 0.011816024

The initial entry error (forgetting that minutes have dimension of time, and that arcminutes must be used for dimensions of angle) does not appear in the output. When converting to a unit list alias, units expands the alias in the log file.

The ‘From:’ and ‘To:’ tags are written to the log file even if the --quiet option is given. If the log file exists when units is invoked, the new results are appended to the log file. The time is written to the log file each time the file is opened. The --log option is ignored when units is used non-interactively.


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