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<title>The GNU Operating System
- GNU project - Free Software Foundation</title>

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<h2>The GNU Operating System</h2>

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<p><strong>Download distributions</strong></p>
<p><a href="/distros/free-distros.html">
<img src="/graphics/gnu-and-penguin-color-300x276.jpg" alt="GNU alt=" [GNU and Linux" Linux] " /></a></p>
<p><em>If you're looking for a whole system to
install, see our <a href="/distros/free-distros.html">list of
GNU/Linux distributions which are entirely free software</a>.</em></p>

  <li><a href="/gnu/about-gnu.html">About the GNU Operating System</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu-history.html">A historical overview of GNU</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/thegnuproject.html">A more detailed history of GNU</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/initial-announcement.html">The initial announcement</a>
      of the project</li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu-structure.html">The Structure and 
      Administration of the GNU Project</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/manifesto.html">The GNU Manifesto</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/byte-interview.html">BYTE interview with Richard
      Stallman</a> (1986)</li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/rms-lisp.html">My Lisp Experiences and the
       Development of GNU Emacs</a> (by Richard Stallman)</li>
  <li><a href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DEFDE123AF932A25752C0A96F948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1">     
      One Man's Fight for Free Software</a>, an article about Richard
      Stallman and the early GNU development, published at <cite>The
      New York Times</cite> on January 11, 1989. One problem with the
      article is that it uses the propaganda term “intellectual
      property” as if that referred to something coherent.  The
      term is such a confusion that talking about it <a
      href="/philosophy/not-ipr.html">makes no sense</a>. The article
      is also somewhat confused in regard to Symbolics.  What Stallman
      did, while still working at MIT, was to write, independently,
      replacement improvements comparable to the improvements that
      Symbolics made in its version of the MIT Lisp Machine
  <li><a href="/philosophy/15-years-of-free-software.html">15 Years
       of Free Software</a> (1999)</li>

<p>Here are two postings that Stallman wrote for a bulletin board at
Stanford while he was visiting there in May, 1983.  They show some of
his thinking on the way towards launching the development of the GNU
system.  They don't use the term “free software”;
apparently he had not yet started to put those two words together.</p>

  <li><a href="/gnu/why-programs-should-be-shared.html">Why Programs
  Should be Shared</a> (1983)</li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/yes-give-it-away.html">Yes, Give It Away</a>

<h3><a id="gnulinux"></a>GNU

<h3 id="gnulinux">GNU and Linux</h3>

  <li><a href="/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html">The relationship between GNU 
      and Linux</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/why-gnu-linux.html">Why the ‘Linux
      system’ should be called GNU/Linux</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu-users-never-heard-of-gnu.html">GNU Users Who
      Have Never Heard of GNU</a></li>
  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu-linux-faq.html">A GNU/Linux FAQ</a></li>

<h3><a id="misc"></a>Other

<h3 id="misc">Other GNU-related resources</h3>

  <li><a href="http://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group_list">GNU/Linux,
      GNU/Hurd, and free software user groups</a></li>

<h3 id="elsewhere">GNU elsewhere</h3>

<h4 id="asteroid">(9965) GNU</h4>

asteroid <a href="https://www.minorplanetcenter.net/db_search/show_object?object_id=9965">(9965)
GNU</a>, provisionally designated as 1992 EF<sub>2</sub>, was named
after the GNU project in
the <a href="https://www.minorplanetcenter.net/iau/ECS/MPCArchive/2000/MPC_20001111.pdf">Minor
Planet Circular 41571</a>. The asteroid was discovered at Kitt Peak by
Spacewatch on the 5<sup>th</sup> March 1992.</p>

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<p>Please send general FSF & GNU inquiries to
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There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a>
the FSF.  Broken links and other corrections or suggestions can be sent
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<p>Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016 2016, 2019, 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.</p>

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<p class="unprintable">Updated:
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$Date: 2021/06/08 08:44:38 $
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