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<title>Unofficial Translations
- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
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<h2>Unofficial Translations</h2>

<h3 id="UnofficialTranslations">Information about unofficial
translations</h3>

<p>
The FSF does not approve license translations as officially valid.
The reason is that checking them would be difficult and expensive
(needing the help of bilingual lawyers in other countries).  Even
worse, if an error did slip through, the results could be disastrous
for the whole free software community.  As long as the translations
are unofficial, they can't do any legal harm.</p>

<p>To underscore the fact that these translations are not officially
valid, we do not publish translations.  To make that clear, we don't
post them on gnu.org, only link to them.</p>

<p>The purpose of linking to translations is to help more people
understand our licenses.  In order for them to do that, translations
need to be basically accurate even if not perfect.  To produce a good
translation, it is essential to have fully understood fundamental
concepts such as <a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html">copyleft</a> href="/licenses/copyleft.html">copyleft</a> and
the <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software definition</a>.
For this reason, those who wish to contribute translations should make
sure they are well acquainted with these concepts as well as other
philosophical principles that may appear in the document.</p>

<p>We give permission to publish translations of GNU licenses
into other languages, provided that:</p>

<ol id="rules">

<li>You label your translation as unofficial to inform people that
they do not count legally as substitutes for the authentic version
(see below for how to do this).</li>

<li>You agree to install changes at our request, if we learn from other
friends of GNU that changes are necessary to make the translation
clearer.</li>

<li>The translation is not hosted on a commercial site and does not
refer to any company.</li>

<li>The page containing the translation should have no links
except to fsf.org and gnu.org.  We might accept links about
other free software packages, but we prefer to avoid them.</li>

<li>You permit others to copy, modify, and republish your translation (and
modified versions of your translation) subject to these terms by placing
the following notice: “You may publish this translation, modified or
unmodified, only under the terms at 
<a href="/licenses/translations.html">
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/translations.html</a>.”</li>

<li>We may accept small exceptions to these rules in
legacy cases that are hard to fix.</li>

</ol>

<p>We do not necessarily link to all the unofficial translations that
we know of in any given language.  For instance, if one unofficial
translation was made by a free software organization that we know and
have confidence in, we will link to that translation rather than others.
We still can't make it official, but we expect it is probably mostly
correct.</p>

<p>
To label your translations as unofficial, please add the
following text at the beginning,
both in English and in the language of the translation.  Replace
<tt>language</tt> with the name of that language, and “GNU
General Public License” and “GPL” with the name and
abbreviation of the license you're translating, if it's not the
GPL:</p>

<blockquote dir="ltr"><p>

<blockquote><p dir="ltr" style="text-align:left">
<!--TRANSLATORS: If you translate this paragraph, retain the English
text and put your translation below.  The entire <blockquote> element
has <p dir="ltr" style="text-align:left"> to work by default with RTL
languages when the notice is not translated, so if your language is RTL,
you *must* put your translation within <span dir="rtl">.-->
</p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align:right">......</p><p> -->
This is an unofficial translation of the GNU General Public License
into <tt>language</tt>.  It was not published by the Free Software
Foundation, and does not legally state the distribution terms for
software that uses the GNU GPL—only the original English text of
the GNU GPL does that.  However, we hope that this translation will
help <tt>language</tt> speakers understand the GNU GPL better.
</p></blockquote>

<h3 id="GPL">The GNU General Public License, version 3</h3>

<!-- Please keep entries alphabetical by language code RT #908353.         -->
<!-- And to help users, include the language code in brackets.  -->

<p>If you make a translation (of any license), please inform the GNU
Translation Managers <a
href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org"><web-translators@gnu.org></a>.
They will check to make sure that your translation follows the above
guidelines and make a link to it from this page.</p>

<h3 id="GPL">The GNU General Public License, version 3</h3>

<!-- Please keep entries alphabetical by language code RT #908353.         -->
<!-- And to help users, include the language code in brackets.  -->

<ul>
  <li><code>[ar]</code> <!-- RT #816348 -->
  <a href="http://fairsultan.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/gpl-3-0-ar1.pdf">
  Arabic</a> translation of the GPL</li> GPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[cs]</code> <!-- hidden problematic links (Visual Basic), commercial site, no distribution terms
  <li><code>[be]</code> RT #710854 -->
  <a href="http://webhostingrating.com/libs/gpl3be">Belarusian</a> href="http://jxself.org/translations/gpl-3.cz.shtml">Czech</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
-->
  <li><code>[cs]</code>
  <li><code>[da]</code> <!-- RT #710854 #1184539 -->
  <a href="http://jxself.org/translations/gpl-3.cz.shtml">Czech</a>
  Danish translation of the GPL</li> GPL - 
  <a href="http://netkoder.dk/licenser/gpl-3.0.da.html">HTML</a>,
  <a href="http://netkoder.dk/licenser/gpl-3.0.da.txt">plain text</a>
  </li>
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND -->
  <li><code>[de]</code> <a href="http://www.gnu.de/documents/gpl-3.0.de.html">
  German</a> translation of the GPL</li>
<!-- link to browsehappy.com; other links
  <li><code>[eo]</code>
  <a href="http://zooplah.farvista.net/eo/programado/gpl3.html">Esperanto</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
-->
<!-- commercial site
  <li><code>[es]</code> <a href="http://www.viti.es/gnu/licenses/gpl.html">Spanish</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
  <li><code>[es-ar]</code> <a href="http://www.spanish-translator-services.com/espanol/t/gnu/gpl-ar.html">Argentinian Spanish</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
-->
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND;
     the HTML looks like an official www.gnu.org page (including contacts) -->
  <li><code>[fr]</code> <a href="http://www.rodage.org/gpl-3.0.fr.txt">
  French</a> translation of the GPL</li>
  <li><code>[fr]</code> <a href="http://dachary.org/loic/gpl-french.pdf">
  French</a> translation of the GPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[gl]</code> <a href="http://www.mancomun.org/GPL3_GL/gpl_gl_v3.html">
  Galician</a> translation of the GPL
  (<a href="http://www.mancomun.org/GPL3_GL/gpl_gl_v3.txt">plain
  text</a>, <a href="http://www.mancomun.org/GPL3_GL/gpl_gl_v3.pdf">PDF</a>)</li>
<!-- commercial site; too restrictive terms
  <li><code>[he]</code> <a href="http://law.co.il/gplv3">Hebrew</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
-->
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND -->
  <li><code>[hu]</code> <a href="http://gnu.hu/gplv3.html">Hungarian</a>
  translation of the GPL</li> 
  <li><code>[it]</code> Italian translation of the GPL - 
<a href="http://katolaz.homeunix.net/gplv3/gplv3-it-final.html">HTML</a>, 
<a href="http://katolaz.homeunix.net/gplv3/gplv3-it-final.ps">PS</a>, 
<a href="http://katolaz.homeunix.net/gplv3/gplv3-it-final.pdf">PDF</a>, 
<a href="http://katolaz.homeunix.net/gplv3/gplv3-it.tex">LaTeX</a>
</li>
  <li><code>[nl]</code> <a href="http://bartbeuving.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/gpl-v3-nl-101.pdf">
  Dutch</a> translation of the GPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[ru]</code> <!-- RT #1198511 -->
  <a href="http://antirao.ru/gpltrans/gplru.pdf">Russian</a> translation
  of the GPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[sk]</code> <!-- RT #710854 -->
  <a href="http://jxself.org/translations/gpl-3.sk.shtml">Slovak</a>
  translation of the GPL</li>
  <li><code>[sr]</code> <!-- RT #339241 -->
  Serbian translation of the GPL: GPL - 
  <a href="http://alas.matf.bg.ac.rs/~mr99164/ojl-3.0.html">HTML</a>,
  <a href="http://alas.matf.bg.ac.rs/~mr99164/gnu/ojl-3.0.pdf">PDF</a>
  </li>
<!-- ads; many other links
  <li><code>[uk]</code> <a href="http://www.linux.kiev.ua/ua/devel/licenses/gnu-gpl/">
  Ukrainian</a> translation of the GPL</li>
-->
  <li><!-- RT #977716 -->
      <code>[zh-cn]</code>
         <a href="//jxself.org/translations/gpl-3.zh.shtml">
         Chinese (Simplified) (Simplified)</a> translation of the GPL -
         <a href="http://mprc.pku.edu.cn/~ruankunliang/gpl3.html">HTML</a>,
         <a href="http://mprc.pku.edu.cn/~ruankunliang/gpl3.pdf">PDF</a></li> GPL</li>
  <li><code>[zh-tw]</code> <!-- RT #715288 and #1198827 -->
  <a href="http://www.chinasona.org/gnu/gnuv3-tc.html">
  Chinese (Traditional)</a> translation of the GPL</li>
</ul>
<!--
<h4>Translations Underway</h4>
<p>The following translation efforts are underway, please contact the
  person/team if you are willing to help.</p>

<ul>

<ul>-->
<!-- many links, some may be problematic; the licensing terms are CC-BY-SA,
  <li><code>[ca]</code> <a href="http://www.softcatala.cat/wiki/GPL3">Catalan</a></li>
-->
<!-- ads
  <li><code>[ko]</code> <a href="http://wiki.kldp.org/wiki.php/GNU/GPLV3Translation">Korean</a></li>
-->
<!-- mentions www.neoscopio.com; the distribution terms are the GFDL
  <li><code>[pt]</code> <a href="http://gpl3.neoscopio.org">Portuguese</a></li>
-->
<!-- commercial site;
   since we have another translation by the FSFLA, we may want
   to drop this one
  <li><code>[pt-br]</code> Brazilian Portuguese
  (<a href="http://gpl3brasil.pbwiki.com/GPLv3">1</a>),
-->
<!-- wikipedia links; the distribution terms are CC-BY-SA
  <li><code>[ro]</code> <a href="http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPL_(licen%C8%9Ba,_versiunea_3)">Romanian</a></li>
-->
<li>
<!-- RT #1086113 -->
  <code>[da]</code>
  <a href="http://netkoder.dk/licenser/gpl-3.0.da.txt">Danish</a>,
  <a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org">
  <web-translators@gnu.org></a></li>
<!-- RT #784370 -->
<li><code>[ru]</code> <a href="http://rusgpl.ru/">Russian</a></li> </ul> -->

<h3 id="AGPL">The GNU Affero General Public License, version 3</h3>

<ul>
  <li><code>[ar]</code> <!-- RT #816657 -->
  <a href="http://fairsultan.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/agpl-3-0-ar.pdf">
  Arabic</a> translation of the AGPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[ru]</code> <!-- RT #1198511 -->
  <a href="http://antirao.ru/gpltrans/agplru.pdf">Russian</a> translation
  of the AGPL (PDF)</li>
</ul>

<h3 id="LGPL">The GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3</h3>

<p>
If you make a translation, please inform the GNU Translation Managers
<a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org"><web-translators@gnu.org></a>.
They will check to make sure that your translation follows the above
guidelines and make a link to it from this page.</p>

<ul>
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND -->
  <li><code>[de]</code> <a href="http://www.gnu.de/documents/lgpl-3.0.de.html">
  German</a> translation of the LGPL</li>
<!-- links to hosting site
  <li><code>[es]</code> <a href="http://www.viti.es/gnu/licenses/lgpl.html">Spanish</a>
  translation of the LGPL</li>
-->
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND -->
  <li><code>[hu]</code> <a href="http://gnu.hu/lgplv3.html">Hungarian</a>
  translation of the LGPL</li> 
<!-- commercial site
  <li><code>[it]</code>
  <a href="http://www.posterburner.com/IT_GNU_LESSER_GENERAL_PUBLIC_LICEN.htm">
  Italian</a> translation of the LGPL</li>
-->
  <li><code>[ru]</code> <!-- RT #1198511 -->
  <a href="http://antirao.ru/gpltrans/lgplru.pdf">Russian</a> translation
  of the LGPL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[zh-cn]</code> <a href="http://www.thebigfly.com/gnu/lgpl/lgpl-v3.php">
  Chinese (Simplified)</a> translation of the LGPL</li>
  <li><code>[zh-tw]</code> <!-- RT #715288 --> and #1198827-->
  <a href="http://www.chinasona.org/gnu/gnulgpl-v3-tc.html">
  Chinese (Traditional)</a> translation of the LGPL</li>
</ul>
<p>We hope someone will write new unofficial translations in Czech and 
Slovak. Some were made, but the translator used them to advertise a 
commercial site, so we are not willing to link to them.</p>
<!-- RT #716430 -->

<!--
<h4>Translations Underway</h4>
<p>The following translation efforts are underway, please contact the
  person/team if you are willing to help.</p>
-->

<h3 id="FDL">The GNU Free Documentation License, version 1.3</h3>

<!-- PLEASE DO NOT HOST TRANSLATIONS OF ANY OF OUR LICENSES ON OUR WEBSERVER -->
<!-- THIS MAY LEAD THEM TO BEING CONSTRUED AS 'OFFICIAL'   -->

<p>
If you make a translation, please inform the GNU Translation Managers
<a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org"><web-translators@gnu.org></a>.
They will check to make sure that your translation follows the above
guidelines and make a link to it from this page.</p>

<p>FDL 1.3 was released on November 3, 2008 2008, and is a relatively minor
modification of FDL 1.2; the only major changes are the revision of
section 9 and the addition of section 11.  Thus,
the <a href="/licenses/old-licenses/fdl-1.2-translations.html">
translations of FDL 1.2</a> may help you understand FDL 1.3 as well.
You can learn more about the differences between these two versions
in <a href="/licenses/fdl-1.3-faq.html">our FAQ</a>.</p>

<!-- Please keep entries alphabetical by language code RT #908353. -->
<ul>
  <li><code>[ar]</code> <!-- RT #700472, RT #934653 -->
  <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20131225032212/http://muhammadsaied.webs.com/licenses/ar.fdlv13.html">
  Arabic</a> translation of the GFDL</li>
  <li><code>[fr]</code> <!-- RT #922239 -->
  <a href="http://juliensanchez.org/fdl_1_3_fr.html"> href="https://www.april.org/files/gfdl.1.3-js.fr.html">
  French</a> translation of the GFDL</li>
<!-- TODO: the page should say it is CC-BY-ND -->
  <li><code>[it]</code>
  <a href="http://home.gna.org/www-it/fdl/1.3/fdl.it.html">
  Italian</a> translation of the GFDL
  (<a href="http://home.gna.org/www-it/fdl/1.3/fdl.it.txt">plain
  text version</a>)</li>
<!-- many links
  <li><code>[ml]</code> <a href="http://ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/WP:GFDL-ml">
  Malayalam</a> translation of the GFDL</li>
-->
  <li><code>[ru]</code> <!-- RT #1198511 -->
  <a href="http://antirao.ru/gpltrans/fdlru.pdf">Russian</a> translation
  of the GFDL (PDF)</li>
  <li><code>[zh-cn]</code> <a href="http://www.thebigfly.com/gnu/FDLv1.3/">
  Chinese (Simplified)</a> translation of the GFDL</li>
  <li><code>[zh-tw]</code> <!-- RT #715288 and 1198827 -->
  <a href="http://www.chinasona.org/gnu/gnufdl-v13-tc.html">
  Chinese (Traditional)</a> translation of the GFDL</li>
</ul>
<p>We hope someone will write new unofficial translations in Czech and 
Slovak. Some were made, but the translator used them to advertise a 
commercial site, so we are not willing to link to them.</p>
<!-- RT #716430 -->

<h4>Translations Underway</h4>

<p>The following translation efforts are underway, please contact the
  person/team if you are willing to help.</p>

<ul>
  <li><code>[id]</code> <!-- contact the OP from RT #715051 -->
  Indonesian, <a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org">
  <web-translators@gnu.org></a></li>
</ul>

<h3 id="Exceptions">Unofficial translations of exceptions to GNU
licenses</h3>

<p>If you make a translation, please inform the GNU Translation
Managers
<a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org"><web-translators@gnu.org></a>.
They will check to make sure that your translation follows the above
guidelines and make a link to it from this page.</p>

<h4>GCC Runtime Library Exception</h4>

<!-- Please keep entries alphabetical by language code RT #908353. -->
<ul>
<!-- dead link as of 2011-06-26; confirmed 2011-07-08
  <li><code>[zh-cn]</code> <a href="http://hutuworm.blogspot.com/2009/01/gcc.html">
  Chinese (Simplified)</a> translation Exception, version 3.1</h4>

<p>GCC RLE 3.1 was released on March 31, 2009, and is a relatively minor
modification of the GCC RLE</li>
-->
  <li><code>[zh-tw]</code> <!-- RT #715288 --> RLE 3.0.  Thus, the <a href="http://www.chinasona.org/gnu/gnu-gcc.html">
  Chinese (Traditional)</a> translation
href="/licenses/old-licenses/gcc-exception-translations.html">translations
of the GCC RLE 3</li>
</ul> 3.0</a> may help you understand version 3.1 as well.</p>

<p>We hope someone will write new unofficial translations in Czech and 
Slovak. Some were made, but the translator used them to advertise a 
commercial site, so we are not willing to link to them.</p>
<!-- RT #716430 -->

<h4>GNU Autoconf Configure Script Exception, version 3</h4>
<p>We hope someone will write new unofficial translations in Czech and 
Slovak. Some were made, but the translator used them to advertise a 
commercial site, so we are not willing to link to them.</p>
<!-- RT #716430 -->
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<p>Please send general FSF & GNU inquiries to <a
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<p><!-- TRANSLATORS: Ignore the original text in this paragraph,
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        translations.  However, we are not exempt from imperfection.
        Please send your comments and general suggestions in this regard
        to <a href="mailto:web-translators@gnu.org">
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        our web pages, see <a
        href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
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Please see the <a
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2010, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016 2016, 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.</p>

<p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
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<p class="unprintable">Updated:
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