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<title>Google's Software Is Malware
- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
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<h2>Google's Software is Malware</h2>

<p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples of proprietary
malware</a></p>

<div class="highlight-para">
<p>
<em>Malware</em> means class="infobox">
<hr class="full-width" />
<p>Nonfree (proprietary) software designed is very often malware (designed to function in ways that
mistreat or harm the user.  (This does not include accidental errors.)
This page explains how Google software is malware.
</p>

<p>Malware and nonfree software are two different issues.  The
difference between <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free
software</a> and nonfree user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers,
which puts them in
<a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
whether the users have control of the program or vice versa</a>.  It's
not directly a question position of what power over the program <em>does</em> when it
runs.  However, in practice nonfree software users; <a
href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is often malware,
because the developer's awareness
basic injustice</a>. The developers and manufacturers often exercise
that power to the detriment of the users would be powerless they ought to fix
any serve.</p>

<p>This typically takes the form of malicious functionalities tempts functionalities.</p>
<hr class="full-width" />
</div>

<div class="article">
<div class="important">
<p>If you know of an example that ought to be in this page but isn't
here, please write
to <a href="mailto:webmasters@gnu.org"><webmasters@gnu.org></a>
to inform us. Please include the developer URL of a trustworthy reference or two
to impose some.
</p> serve as specific substantiation.</p>
</div>

<div class="summary" style="margin-top: 2em">
    <h3><strong>Type of malware</strong></h3> id="TOC" class="toc-inline">
<h3>Types of Google malware</h3>
<ul>
  <li><a href="#back-doors">Back doors</a></li>
  <li><a href="#censorship">Censorship</a></li>
<!--<li><a href="#deception">Deception</a></li>-->
  <li><a href="#drm">DRM</a></li>
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
  <li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
<!--<li><a href="#pressuring">Pressuring</a></li>--> href="#jails">Jails</a></li>-->
  <li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
  <li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
  <li><a href="#drm">Digital restrictions
	  management</a> or “DRM” means functionalities designed
	to restrict what users can do with the data in their computers.</li>
      <!--<li><a href="#jails">Jails</a>—systems
	  that impose censorship on application programs.</li>-->
      <li><a href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a>—systems
	that reject any operating system not “authorized” by the
	manufacturer.</li>
      <!--<li><a href="#deception">Deception</a></li>--> href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<h3 id="back-doors">Google Back id="back-doors">Back Doors</h3>

<ul>
  <li>
    <p>ChromeOS has a universal back door. At least, Google says
      it does—in

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202004130">
    <p>The <a
      href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/chromebook/termsofservice.html">
      section 4 href="https://www.google.com/mobile/android/market-tos.html">
    Google Play Terms of Service</a> insist that the EULA</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li>
    <p>In Android, <a
      href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2506557/security0/google-throws--kill-switch--on-android-phones.html">
      Google has a user of Android accept
    the presence of universal back door to remotely delete apps.</a>  (It is doors in apps released by Google.</p>

    <p>This does not tell us whether any of Google's apps currently
    contains a
      program called GTalkService).</p>
    <p>Google can also <a
      href="https://jon.oberheide.org/blog/2010/06/25/remote-kill-and-install-on-google-android/">
      forcibly and remotely install apps</a> through GTalkService (which
      seems, since universal back door, but that article, to have been merged into Google Play).
      This is not a secondary question.
    In moral terms, demanding that people accept in advance certain bad
    treatment is equivalent to actually doing it.  Whatever condemnation
    the latter deserves, the former deserves the same.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201908220">
    <p>ChromeBooks are programmed for obsolescence:
    ChromeOS has a universal back door, but permits door that is used for updates and <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/08/22/buying_a_chromebook_dont_forget_to_check_when_it_expires/">
    ceases to operate at a predefined date</a>. From then on, there
    appears to be no support whatsoever for the computer.</p>

    <p>In other words, when you stop getting screwed by the back door,
    you start getting screwed by the obsolescence.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201809140">
    <p>Android has a <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/platform/amp/2018/9/14/17861150/google-battery-saver-android-9-pie-remote-settings-change">
    back door for remotely changing “user” settings</a>.</p>

    <p>The article suggests it might be a universal back door, but this
    isn't clear.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201202280">
    <p>ChromeOS has a universal back
    door. At least, Google says it does—in <a
    href="https://www.google.com/intl/en/chromebook/termsofservice.html">
    section 4 of the EULA</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201103070">
    <p>In Android, <a
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2506557/google-throws--kill-switch--on-android-phones.html">
    Google has a back door to remotely delete apps</a>. (It was in a
    program called GTalkService, which seems since then to have been
    merged into Google Play.)</p>

    <p>Google can also <a
    href="https://jon.oberheide.org/blog/2010/06/25/remote-kill-and-install-on-google-android/">
    forcibly and remotely install apps</a> through GTalkService.  This is
    not equivalent to a universal back door, but permits various dirty
    tricks.</p>

    <p>Although Google's <em>exercise</em> of this power has not been
    malicious so far, the point is that nobody should have such power,
    which could also be used maliciously.  You might well decide to
    let a security service remotely <em>deactivate</em> programs that
    it considers malicious.  But there is no excuse for allowing it to
    <em>delete</em> the programs, and you should have the right to decide
    who (if anyone) to trust in this way.</p></li> way.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="censorship">Google Censorship</h3>

<ul>
  <li> id="censorship">Censorship</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201703160">
    <p>Google <a
    href="http://www.csmonitor.com/Technology/2017/0316/Google-Family-Link-gives-parents-a-way-to-monitor-preteens-accounts">
    offers censorship software</a>, ostensibly for parents to put into
    their children's computers.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201701180">
    <p>On Windows and MacOS, Chrome <a
    href="https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/dev/developers/extensions-deployment-faq">
    disables extensions</a> that are not hosted in the Chrome Web
    Store.</p>

    <p>For example, an extension was <a
      href="https://consumerist.com/2017/01/18/why-is-google-blocking-this-ad-blocker-on-chrome/">
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170120094917/https://consumerist.com/2017/01/18/why-is-google-blocking-this-ad-blocker-on-chrome/">
    banned from the Chrome Web Store, and permanently disabled</a> on
    more than 40,000 computers.</p></li>

  <li> computers.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201602030">
    <p><a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/feb/03/google-pulls-ad-blocking-app-for-samsung-phones">
    Google censored installation of Samsung's ad-blocker</a> on Android
    phones, saying that blocking ads is “interference” with
    the sites that advertise (and surveil users through ads).</p>

    <p>The ad-blocker is proprietary software, just like the program
    (Google Play) that Google used to deny access to install it. Using
    a nonfree program gives the owner power over you, and Google has
    exercised that power.</p>

    <p>Google's censorship, unlike that of Apple, is not total: Android
    allows users to install apps in other ways. You can install free
    programs from f-droid.org.</p></li>

  <li>
    <p>Google <a
      href="http://www.csmonitor.com/Technology/2017/0316/Google-Family-Link-gives-parents-a-way-to-monitor-preteens-accounts">
      offers censorship software</a>, ostensibly for parents to put into
      their children's computers.</p></li> f-droid.org.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="insecurity">Google Insecurity</h3>

<p>These bugs are/were not intentional, so unlike the rest of the file
  they do not count as malware. We mention them id="drm">DRM</h3>

<p>Digital restrictions management, or “DRM,” refers to refute the
  supposition that prestigious proprietary software doesn't have grave
  bugs.</p>

<ul>
  <li><p><a href="http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/privacy-scandal-nsa-can-spy-on-smart-phone-data-a-920971.html">
      The NSA
functionalities designed to restrict what users can tap do with the data
in smart phones, including iPhones, Android, and
      BlackBerry</a>.  While there is not much detail here, it seems that their computers.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201705150">
    <p>Google now allows Android
    apps to detect whether a device has been rooted, <a
    href="http://www.androidpolice.com/2017/05/13/netflix-confirms-blocking-rootedunlocked-devices-app-still-working-now/">and
    refuse to install if so</a>. The Netflix app uses this does not operate via the universal back door that we ability to
    enforce DRM by refusing to install on rooted Android devices.</p>

    <p>Update: Google <i>intentionally</i> changed Android so that apps <a
    href="https://torrentfreak.com/netflix-use-of-google-drm-means-rooted-android-devices-are-banned-170515/">can
    detect rooted devices and refuse to run on them</a>. The Netflix app
    is proprietary malware, and one shouldn't use it. However, that does
    not make what Google has done any less wrong.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201701300">
    <p>Chrome <a
    href="http://boingboing.net/2017/01/30/google-quietly-makes-optiona.html">implements
    DRM</a>. So does Chromium, through nonfree software that is effectively
    part of it.</p>

    <p><a
    href="https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/detail_ezt?id=686430">More
    information</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201102250">
    <p>Android <a
    href="https://developer.android.com/reference/android/drm/package-summary.html">
    contains facilities specifically to support DRM</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="insecurity">Insecurity</h3>

<p>These bugs are/were not intentional, so unlike the rest of the file
  they do not count as malware. We mention them to refute the
  supposition that prestigious proprietary software doesn't have grave
  bugs.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201907080">
    <p>Many Android apps can track
    users' movements even when the user says <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/8/20686514/android-covert-channel-permissions-data-collection-imei-ssid-location">
    not to allow them access to locations</a>.</p>

    <p>This involves an apparently unintentional weakness in Android,
    exploited intentionally by malicious apps.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201311120">
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180816030205/http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/privacy-scandal-nsa-can-spy-on-smart-phone-data-a-920971.html">
    The NSA can tap data in smart phones, including iPhones,
    Android, and BlackBerry</a>.  While there is not much
    detail here, it seems that this does not operate via
    the universal back door that we know nearly all portable
    phones have. It may involve exploiting various bugs.  There are <a
    href="http://www.osnews.com/story/27416/The_second_operating_system_hiding_in_every_mobile_phone">
    lots of bugs in the phones' radio software</a>.</p></li> software</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="interference">Interference</h3>

<p>This section gives examples of Google software harassing or annoying
the user, or causing trouble for the user.  These actions are like
sabotage but the word “sabotage” is too strong for them.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201901230">
    <p>Google is modifying Chromium so that <a
    href="https://tech.slashdot.org/story/19/01/23/0048202/google-proposes-changes-to-chromium-browser-that-will-break-content-blocking-extensions-including-various-ad-blockers">
    extensions won't be able to alter or block whatever the page
    contains</a>. Users could conceivably reverse the change in a fork
    of Chromium, but surely Chrome (nonfree) will have the same change,
    and users can't fix it there.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="sabotage">Google Sabotage</h3> id="sabotage">Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making the program that runs in a way that hurts the user.
But they are a lot like malware, since they are technical Google
actions that harm to the users of specific Google software.</p>

<ul>
  <li>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201604050">
    <p>Revolv is an IoT a device which that managed “smart home”
    operations: switching the lights, operate motion sensors, regulating
    temperature, etc.  Its proprietary software depends on a remote server
    to do these tasks.  On May 15th, 2016, Google said Google/Alphabet <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/04/nest-reminds-customers-ownership-isnt-what-it-used-be">intentionally
    broke it would shut by shutting down the
      service linked to the device, making server</a>.</p>

    <p>If it unusable.</p>
    <p>Although you may own the device, its functioning depended on were free software, users would have the server
      that never belonged ability to you. So you never really had control make it
    work again, differently, and then have a freedom-respecting home
    instead of it. This
      unjust design is called
      <a href="/philosophy/network-services-arent-free-or-nonfree.html">
      Service as a Software Substitute (SaaSS)</a>. That is what gave the
      company the power to convert it “smart” home. Don't let proprietary software
    control your devices and turn them into a $300 out-of-warranty brick, for
      your “dumb home”.</p>
    bricks. Insist on self-contained computers that run free software!</p>
  </li>
  <li><p>Google

  <li id="M201511244">
    <p>Google has long had <a
    href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/24/google-can-unlock-android-devices-remotely-if-phone-unencrypted">a
    back door to remotely unlock an Android device</a>, unless its disk
    is encrypted (possible since Android 5.0 Lollipop, but still not
    quite the default).</p></li> default).</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="surveillance">Google Surveillance</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p>Tracking software id="surveillance">Surveillance</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201907210">
    <p>Google “Assistant” records users' conversations <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/07/google-defends-listening-to-ok-google-queries-after-voice-recordings-leak/">even
    when it is not supposed to listen</a>. Thus, when one of Google's
    subcontractors discloses a thousand confidential voice recordings,
    users were easily identified from these recordings.</p>

    <p>Since Google “Assistant” uses proprietary software, there is no
    way to see or control what it records or sends.</p>

    <p>Rather than trying to better control the use of recordings, Google
    should not record or listen to the person's voice.  It should only
    get commands that the user wants to send to some Google service.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201906220">
    <p>Google Chrome is an <a
    href="https://www.mercurynews.com/2019/06/21/google-chrome-has-become-surveillance-software-its-time-to-switch/">
    instrument of surveillance</a>. It lets thousands of trackers invade
    users' computers and report the sites they visit to advertising and
    data companies, first of all to Google. Moreover, if users have a
    Gmail account, Chrome automatically logs them in popular Android apps to the browser for
    more convenient profiling. On Android, Chrome also reports their
    location to Google.</p>

    <p>The best way to escape surveillance is pervasive to switch to <a
    href="/software/icecat/">IceCat</a>, a modified version of Firefox
    with several changes to protect users' privacy.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201904130">
    <p>Google tracks the movements of Android phones and iPhones
    running Google apps, and sometimes very clever. Some trackers can <a
href="https://theintercept.com/2017/11/24/staggering-variety-of-clandestine-trackers-found-in-popular-android-apps/">
      follow a
    href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/04/13/us/google-location-tracking-police.html">
    saves the data for years</a>.</p>

    <p>Nonfree software in the phone has to be responsible for sending
    the location data to Google.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201902040">
    <p>Google invites people to <a
    href="https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/02/04/google-screenwise-unwise-trade-all-your-privacy-cash?cd-origin=rss">
    let Google monitor their phone use, and all internet use in their
    homes, for an extravagant payment of $20</a>.</p>

    <p>This is not a malicious functionality of a program with some other
    purpose; this is the software's sole purpose, and Google says so. But
    Google says it in a way that encourages most people to ignore the
    details. That, we believe, makes it fitting to list here.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201811230">
    <p>An Android phone was observed to track location even while
    in airplane mode. It didn't send the location data while in
    airplane mode.  Instead, <a
    href="https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/7811918/google-is-tracking-you-even-with-airplane-mode-turned-on/">
    it saved up the data, and sent them all later</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201808030">
    <p>Some Google apps on Android <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/aug/13/google-location-tracking-android-iphone-mobile">
    record the user's movements around a physical store location even when users disable “location
    tracking”</a>.</p>

    <p>There are other ways to turn off the other kinds of location
    tracking, but most users will be tricked by noticing WiFi
      networks</a>.</p> the misleading control.</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Android

  <li id="M201711210">
    <p>Android tracks location for Google <a
    href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20171121/09030238658/investigation-finds-google-collected-location-data-even-with-location-services-turned-off.shtml">
    even when “location services” are turned off, even when
    the phone has no SIM card</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Google Chrome contains a key logger that card</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704131">
    <p>Low-priced Chromebooks for schools are <a href="http://www.favbrowser.com/google-chrome-spyware-confirmed/">
	sends
    href="https://www.eff.org/wp/school-issued-devices-and-student-privacy">
    collecting far more data on students than is necessary, and store
    it indefinitely</a>. Parents and students complain about the lack
    of transparency on the part of both the educational services and the
    schools, the difficulty of opting out of these services, and the lack
    of proper privacy policies, among other things.</p>

    <p>But complaining is not sufficient. Parents, students and teachers
    should realize that the software Google every URL typed in</a>, one key uses to spy on students is
    nonfree, so they can't verify what it really does. The only remedy is
    to persuade school officials to <a href="/education/edu-schools.html">
    exclusively use free software</a> for both education and school
    administration. If the school is run locally, parents and teachers
    can mandate their representatives at the School Board to refuse the
    budget unless the school initiates a time.</p> switch to free software. If
    education is run nation-wide, they need to persuade legislators
    (e.g., through free software organizations, political parties,
    etc.) to migrate the public schools to free software.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201609210">
    <p>Google's new voice messaging app <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/21/12994362/allo-privacy-message-logs-google">logs
    all conversations</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201609140">
    <p>Google Play (a component of Android) <a
    href="https://www.extremetech.com/mobile/235594-yes-google-play-is-tracking-you-and-thats-just-the-tip-of-a-very-large-iceberg">
    tracks the users' movements without their permission</a>.</p>

    <p>Even if you disable Google Maps and location tracking, you must
    disable Google Play itself to completely stop the tracking.  This is
    yet another example of nonfree software pretending to obey the user,
    when it's actually doing something else.  Such a thing would be almost
    unthinkable with free software.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201507280">
    <p>Google Chrome makes it easy for an extension to do <a
    href="https://labs.detectify.com/2015/07/28/how-i-disabled-your-chrome-security-extensions/">total
    snooping on the user's browsing</a>, and many of them do so.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Google

  <li id="M201506180">
    <p>Google Chrome includes a module that <a
    href="https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2015/06/google-chrome-listening-in-to-your-room-shows-the-importance-of-privacy-defense-in-depth/">
    activates microphones and transmits audio to its servers</a>.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Spyware is present in some Android devices when they are sold.
      Some Motorola phones modify Android to
      <a href="http://www.beneaththewaves.net/Projects/Motorola_Is_Listening.html">

  <li id="M201407170">
    <p id="nest-thermometers">Nest thermometers send personal <a
    href="http://bgr.com/2014/07/17/google-nest-jailbreak-hack">a lot of
    data to Motorola</a>.</p> about the user</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201308040">
    <p>Google Chrome <a
    href="https://www.brad-x.com/2013/08/04/google-chrome-is-spyware/">
    spies on browser history, affiliations</a>, and other installed
    software.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Spyware

  <li id="M201308010">
    <p>Spyware in Android phones (and Windows? laptops): The Wall Street
    Journal (in an article blocked from us by a paywall) reports that <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/1/4580718/fbi-can-remotely-activate-android-and-laptop-microphones-reports-wsj">
    the FBI can remotely activate the GPS and microphone in Android phones
    and laptops</a>.
      (I suspect laptops</a> (presumably Windows laptops).  Here is <a
    href="http://cryptome.org/2013/08/fbi-hackers.htm">more info</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307280">
    <p>Spyware is present in some Android devices when they are
    sold.  Some Motorola phones, made when this means Windows laptops.)  Here is company was owned
    by Google, use a modified version of Android that <a href="http://cryptome.org/2013/08/fbi-hackers.htm">more info</a>.</p>
    href="http://www.beneaththewaves.net/Projects/Motorola_Is_Listening.html">
    sends personal data to Motorola</a>.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Google's new voice messaging app

  <li id="M201307250">
    <p>A Motorola phone <a href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/21/12994362/allo-privacy-message-logs-google">logs
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170629175629/http://www.itproportal.com/2013/07/25/motorolas-new-x8-arm-chip-underpinning-the-always-on-future-of-android/">
    listens for voice all conversations</a>.</p> the time</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="nest-thermometers">
    <p>Nest thermometers
      send id="M201302150">
    <p>Google Play intentionally sends app developers <a href="http://bgr.com/2014/07/17/google-nest-jailbreak-hack">a
      lot
    href="http://gadgets.ndtv.com/apps/news/google-play-store-policy-raises-privacy-concerns-331116">
    the personal details of data about users that install the user</a>.</p> app</a>.</p>

    <p>Merely asking the “consent” of users is not enough to
    legitimize actions like this.  At this point, most users have stopped
    reading the “Terms and Conditions” that spell out what
    they are “consenting” to.  Google should clearly and
    honestly identify the information it collects on users, instead of
    hiding it in an obscurely worded EULA.</p>

    <p>However, to truly protect people's privacy, we must prevent Google
    and other companies from getting this personal information in the
    first place!</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Many

  <li id="M201208210">
    <p>Many web sites report all their visitors
    to Google by using the Google Analytics service, which <a
    href="http://www.pcworld.idg.com.au/article/434164/google_analytics_breaks_norwegian_privacy_laws_local_agency_said/">
    tells Google the IP address and the page that was visited.</a></p> visited</a>.</p>
  </li>
  
  <li><p>Google

  <li id="M200809060">
    <p>Google Chrome makes it easy for an extension to do contains a key logger that <a
    href="https://labs.detectify.com/2015/07/28/how-i-disabled-your-chrome-security-extensions/">total
    snooping on the user's browsing</a>, and many of them do so.</p>
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190126075111/http://www.favbrowser.com/google-chrome-spyware-confirmed/">
    sends Google every URL typed in</a>, one key at a time.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="drm">Google DRM</h3>
<ul>
<li id="netflix-app-geolocation-drm"><p>The Netflix Android app <a 
href="http://torrentfreak.com/netflix-cracks-down-on-vpn-and-proxy-pirates-150103/">
forces the use of Google DNS</a>. This is one of the methods id="tyrants">Tyrants</h3>

<p>Tyrants are systems that Netflix
uses to enforce the geolocation restrictions dictated reject any operating system not 
“authorized” by the movie
studios.</p>
</li>

<li>
<p>Google now allows Android apps to detect whether a device has been
rooted, <a href="http://www.androidpolice.com/2017/05/13/netflix-confirms-blocking-rootedunlocked-devices-app-still-working-now/">and refuse to install
if so</a>.</p>

<p>Update: Google <i>intentionally</i> changed Android so that apps
<a href="https://torrentfreak.com/netflix-use-of-google-drm-means-rooted-android-devices-are-banned-170515/">can detect rooted devices and refuse to
run on them</a>.</p>
</li>

<li>
  <p>Chrome <a href="http://boingboing.net/2017/01/30/google-quietly-makes-optiona.html">implements
  DRM</a>. So does Chromium, through nonfree software that is
  effectively part of it.</p>
                                                                                        
  <p><a href="https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=686430">More information</a>.</p>
</li>
  
<li><p>Android manufacturer.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201304080">
    <p>Motorola, then owned by Google, made <a href="https://developer.android.com/reference/android/drm/package-summary.html">contains
facilities specifically to support DRM.</a></p>
</li>
</ul>

<h3 id="tyrants">Google Tyrants</h3>
<ul>
 <li>
<p><a
    href="http://blog.azimuthsecurity.com/2013/04/unlocking-motorola-bootloader.html">
Some
    Android phones made by Google that are tyrants</a> (though someone found a way to
    crack the restriction).  Fortunately, most Android devices are not tyrants.
</p> restriction).</p>
  </li>
</ul>

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