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<title>Microsoft's Software Is Malware
- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
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<h2>Microsoft's Software is Malware</h2>

<p><a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples of proprietary
malware</a></p>

<div class="highlight-para">
<p>
<em>Malware</em> means class="infobox">
<hr class="full-width" />
<p>Nonfree (proprietary) software designed is very often malware (designed to function in ways that
mistreat or harm the user.  (This does not include accidental errors.)
This page explains how Microsoft software is malware.
</p>

<p>
Malware and nonfree software are two different issues.  The difference
between <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> and
nonfree user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers,
which puts them in
<a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
whether the users have control of the program or vice versa</a>.  It's
not directly a question position of what power over the program <em>does</em> when it
runs.  However, in practice nonfree software users; <a
href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is often malware,
because the developer's awareness
basic injustice</a>. The developers and manufacturers often exercise
that power to the detriment of the users would be powerless they ought to fix
any serve.</p>

<p>This typically takes the form of malicious functionalities tempts functionalities.</p>
<hr class="full-width" />
</div>

<div class="article">
<div class="important">
<p>If you know of an example that ought to be in this page but isn't
here, please write
to <a href="mailto:webmasters@gnu.org"><webmasters@gnu.org></a>
to inform us. Please include the developer URL of a trustworthy reference or two
to impose some.
</p> serve as specific substantiation.</p>
</div>

<div class="toc">
<div class="malfunctions"> id="TOC" class="toc-inline">
<h3>Types of Microsoft malware</h3>
<ul>
<li><strong>Type of malware</strong></li>
  <li><a href="#back-doors">Back doors</a></li>
<!--<li><a href="#censorship">Censorship</a></li>-->
  <li><a href="#drm">DRM</a></li>
  <li><a href="#insecurity">Insecurity</a></li>
  <li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li>
  <li><a href="#jails">Jails</a></li>
  <li><a href="#sabotage">Sabotage</a></li>
  <li><a href="#interference">Interference</a></li> href="#subscriptions">Subscriptions</a></li>
  <li><a href="#surveillance">Surveillance</a></li>
  <li><a href="#drm">Digital restrictions
    management</a> or “DRM” means functionalities designed
    to restrict what users can do with the data in their computers.</li>
<li><a href="#jails">Jails</a>—systems
    that impose censorship on application programs.</li> href="#tethers">Tethers</a></li>
  <li><a href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a>—systems
    that reject any operating system not “authorized” by the
    manufacturer.</li> href="#tyrants">Tyrants</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>

<h3 id="back-doors">Microsoft Back id="back-doors">Back Doors</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p><a href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202010180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is <a
    href="https://www.slashgear.com/windows-10-users-are-grumpy-over-forced-updates-and-unwanted-apps-18643135/">forcing
    Windows users</a> to <a
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/manage-updates-in-windows-643e9ea7-3cf6-7da6-a25c-95d4f7f099fe">install
    upgrades it pushes</a> using <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#windows-update">its
    universal back doors</a>. These upgrades can do various harms to
    users such as restricting computers from some functions and/or forcing
    users to defenselessly do whatever Microsoft has already backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft tells them to do.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201608171">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="windows-update">Microsoft
    Windows has a universal back door through which <a href="http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=201806263">
    href="http://www.informationweek.com/microsoft-updates-windows-without-user-permission-apologizes/d/d-id/1059183">
    any change whatsoever can be imposed on the users</a>.</p>

  <p>More information on when <a href="http://slated.org/windows_by_stealth_the_updates_you_dont_want">
  this

    <p>This was used</a>.</p> <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200219180230/http://slated.org/windows_by_stealth_the_updates_you_dont_want">
    reported in 2007</a> for XP and Vista, and it seems
    that Microsoft used the same method to push the <a
    href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html#windows10-forcing">
    Windows 10 downgrade</a> to computers running Windows 7 and 8.</p>

    <p>In Windows 10, the universal back door
    is no longer hidden; all “upgrades” will be <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/07/windows-10-updates-to-be-automatic-and-mandatory-for-home-users/">forcibly
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/07/windows-10-updates-to-be-automatic-and-mandatory-for-home-users/">
    forcibly and immediately imposed</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/2500036/desktop-apps/microsoft--we-can-remotely-delete-windows-8-apps.html"> imposed</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201512280">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2015/12/28/recently-bought-a-windows-computer-microsoft-probably-has-your-encryption-key/">
    backdoored its disk encryption</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201308230">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The German government <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/08/23/nsa_germany_windows_8/">veers
    away from Windows 8 computers with TPM 2.0</a> (<a
    href="https://www.zeit.de/digital/datenschutz/2013-08/trusted-computing-microsoft-windows-8-nsa">original
    article in German</a>), due to potential back
    door capabilities of the TPM 2.0 chip.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Here is a suspicion that
    we can't prove, but is worth thinking about: <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150206003913/http://www.afr.com/p/technology/intel_chips_could_be_nsa_key_to_ymrhS1HS1633gCWKt5tFtI">
    Writable microcode for Intel and AMD microprocessors</a> may be a
    vehicle for the NSA to invade computers, with the help of Microsoft,
    say respected security experts.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201112080.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2011-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 8 also has a back door for <a
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2500036/microsoft--we-can-remotely-delete-windows-8-apps.html">
    remotely deleting apps</a>.</p>

    <p>You might well decide to let a security service that you trust
    remotely <em>deactivate</em> programs that it considers malicious.
    But there is no excuse for <em>deleting</em> the programs, and you
    should have the right to decide who whom (if anyone) to trust in this way.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows 8's back doors are so gaping
    way.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="drm">DRM</h3>

<p>Digital restrictions management, or “DRM,” refers to
functionalities designed to restrict what users can do with the data
in their computers.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201904040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Ebooks “bought” from Microsoft's store check that <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160310201616/http://drleonardcoldwell.com/2013/08/23/leaked-german-government-warns-key-entities-not-to-use-windows-8-linked-to-nsa/">
    their DRM is valid by connecting to the German government has decided store every time their
    “owner” wants to read them. Microsoft is going to close
    this store, <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-47810367">
    bricking all DRM'ed ebooks it can't be trusted</a>.</p></li>

<li><p>Users reported has ever “sold”</a>. (The
    article additionally highlights the pitfalls of DRM.)</p>

    <p>This is another proof that <a 
    href="http://www.networkworld.com/article/2993490/windows/windows-10-upgrades-reportedly-appearing-as-mandatory-for-some-users.html#tk.rss_all"> a DRM-encumbered product doesn't belong
    to the person who bought it. Microsoft said it will refund customers,
    but this is no excuse for selling them restricted books.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M200708130.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2007-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">DRM
    in Windows</a>, introduced to cater to <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks. 
    (The article talks about how the same malware would later be
    introduced in MacOS.  That had not been done at the time, but it was forcing
    done subsequently.)</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="insecurity">Insecurity</h3>

<p>These bugs are/were not intentional, so unlike the rest of the file
  they do not count as malware. We mention them to replace refute the
  supposition that prestigious proprietary software doesn't have grave
  bugs.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202107090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A newly found Microsoft Windows 7 vulnerability <a
    href="https://edition.cnn.com/2021/07/08/tech/microsoft-windows-10-printnightmare/">
    can allow crackers to remotely gain access to the operating system</a>
    and 8 install programs, view and delete data, or even create new user
    accounts with all-spying full user rights.</p>

    <p>The security research firm accidentally leaked instructions on
    how the flaw could be exploited but Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft was users should still wait
    for Microsoft to fix the flaw, if they fix it.</p>

    <p><small>Please note that the article
    wrongly refers to crackers as “<a
    href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Hacker">hackers</a>”.</small></p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202103050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>At least 30 thousand organizations
    in fact the United States are newly “<a
    href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Hacker">cracked</a>” via <a 
    href="http://www.computerworld.com/article/3012278/microsoft-windows/microsoft-sets-stage-for-massive-windows-10-upgrade-strategy.html">
    attacking computers that run Windows 7
    href="https://krebsonsecurity.com/2021/03/at-least-30000-u-s-organizations-newly-hacked-via-holes-in-microsofts-email-software/">holes
    in Microsoft's proprietary email software, named Microsoft 365</a>. It
    is unclear whether there are other holes and 8</a>, switching on vulnerabilities in the
    program or not but history and experience tells us it wouldn't be
    the last disaster with proprietary programs.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202102110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Researchers at the security firm SentinelOne discovered a flag 
    that said whether to “upgrade” to <a
    href="https://www.wired.com/story/windows-defender-vulnerability-twelve-years/">security
    flaw in proprietary program Microsoft Windows 10 when users Defender that lurked
    undetected for 12 years</a>. If the program was free (as in freedom),
    more people would have had turned a chance to notice the problem, therefore,
    it off.</p>

    <p>Later on, could've been fixed a lot sooner.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The proprietary program Microsoft published instructions on Teams' insecurity <a 
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2016/01/microsoft-finally-has-a-proper-way-to-opt-out-of-windows-78-to-windows-10-upgrades/">
    how to permanently reject
    href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2020/04/27/your-whole-companys-microsoft-teams-data-couldve-been-stolen-with-an-evil-gif">could
    have let a malicious GIF steal user data from Microsoft Teams
    accounts</a>, possibly across an entire company, and taken control
    of “an organization's entire roster of Teams accounts.”</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201705120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Exploits of bugs in Windows, which were developed by the downgrade to Windows 10</a>.</p>

    <p>This seems NSA
    and then leaked by the Shadowbrokers group, are now being used to involve use of <a
    href="https://theintercept.com/2017/05/12/the-nsas-lost-digital-weapon-is-helping-hijack-computers-around-the-world/">attack
    a back door in great number of Windows 7 and 8.</p> computers with ransomware</a>.</p>
  </li>

</ul>

<h3 id="insecurity">Microsoft Insecurity</h3>

<ul>
    <li><p>A

  <li id="M201608020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A <a
    href="http://www.zdnet.com/article/windows-attack-can-steal-your-username-password-and-other-logins/">flaw
    in Internet Explorer and Edge</a> allows an attacker to retrieve
    Microsoft account credentials, if the user is tricked into visiting
    a malicious link.</p>
  </li>
<li>

  <li id="M201312040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/security/2013/12/credit-card-fraud-comes-of-age-with-first-known-point-of-sale-botnet/">
    Point-of-sale terminals running Windows were taken over over</a> and
    turned into a botnet for the purpose of collecting customers' credit
    card
numbers</a>.
</p> numbers.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="sabotage">Microsoft Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this id="interference">Interference</h3>

<p>This section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making gives examples of Microsoft software harassing or annoying
the program that runs in a way that hurts user, or causing trouble for the user.
But they  These actions are like
sabotage but the word “sabotage” is too strong for them.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202108180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is making it harder and harder to <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/22630319/microsoft-windows-11-default-browser-changes">replace
    default apps in its Windows</a> operating system and is pressuring
    users to use its proprietary programs instead. We believe the
    best approach to this would be replacing Windows with a lot free
    (as in freedom) operating system like malware, since they are technical Microsoft
actions GNU. We also maintain a <a
    href="/distros/free-distros.html">list of fully free distributions
    of GNU</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202102180">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2021-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is <a
    href="https://uk.pcmag.com/operating-systems/131798/microsoft-starts-automatically-removing-flash-from-windows">forcibly
    removing the Flash player from computers running Windows 10</a>, using
    <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#windows-update">a
    universal backdoor in Windows</a>.</p>

    <p>The fact that harm Flash has been <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#M202012020">disabled
    by Adobe</a> is no excuse for this abuse of power. The nature of
    proprietary software, such as Microsoft Windows, gives the developers
    power to impose their decisions on users. Free software on the other
    hand empowers users to make their own decisions.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201809120">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-09</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>One version of Windows 10 <a
    href="https://www.ghacks.net/2018/09/12/microsoft-intercepting-firefox-chrome-installation-on-windows-10/">
    harangues users if they try to install Firefox (or Chrome)</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201803190">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2018-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is planning to make Windows <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/19/windows-10-microsoft-force-people-edge-browser-windows-mail-chrome-firefox">
    impose use of specific its browser, Edge, in certain circumstances</a>.</p>

    <p>The reason Microsoft software.</p>

<ul>
  <li><p>Once can force things on users is that Windows
    is nonfree.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201703170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows displays <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/17/14956540/microsoft-windows-10-ads-taskbar-file-explorer">
    intrusive ads for Microsoft products and its partners'
    products</a>.</p>

    <p>The article's author starts from the premise that Microsoft has tricked
    a user into accepting installation right to control what Windows does to users, as long as it doesn't
    go “too far”. We disagree.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201612140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The Microsoft Telemetry Compatibility service <a
    href="https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/all/microsoft-telemetry-compatibility/cefa7c8e-49c9-4965-aef6-2d5f01bb38f2">
    drastically reduces the performances of machines running
    Windows 10</a>, and can't be disabled easily.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201608170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p> After <a href="/proprietary/malware-microsoft.html#windows10-forcing">forcing the download of Windows
   10, 10</a>
    on computers that were running Windows 7 and 8, Microsoft <a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/01/windows_10_nagware_no_way_out/">they
   find
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/3012278/microsoft-sets-stage-for-massive-windows-10-upgrade-strategy.html">
    repeatedly switched on a flag that urged users to
    “upgrade” to Windows 10</a> when they are denied had turned
    it off, in the option hope that some day they would fail to cancel or even postpone the
   imposed date say no.
    To do this, Microsoft used <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/17/microsoft_windows_10_upgrade_gwx_vs_humanity/">
    malware techniques</a>.</p>

    <p>A detailed <a
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
    analysis of installation</a>.
   </p>
   <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
   software means letting someone have power over you, and you're
   going Microsoft's scheme</a> is available on the Electronic
    Frontier Foundation's website.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201603090">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has made companies'
    Windows machines managed by the company's sysadmins <a
    href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/3042397/microsoft-windows/admins-beware-domain-attached-pcs-are-sprouting-get-windows-10-ads.html">harangue
    users to get screwed sooner or later.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft complain to the sysadmins about not “upgrading”
    to Windows 10</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has <a
    href="http://www.theverge.com/2016/1/16/10780876/microsoft-windows-support-policy-new-processors-skylake">desupported
    all future Intel CPUs for Windows 7 and 8</a>. Those
    machines will be stuck with the nastier Windows 10.  <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/only-the-latest-version-of-windows-will-run-on-some-fut-1753545825">
    AMD and Qualcomm CPUs, too</a>.
  </p> too</a>.</p>

    <p>Of course, Windows 7 and 8 are unethical too, because they are
    proprietary software.  But this example of Microsoft's wielding its
    power demonstrates the power it holds.
  </p> holds.</p>

    <p>Free software developers also stop maintaining old versions of
    their programs, but this is not unfair to users because the users of
    free software have control over it.  If it is important enough to you,
    you and other users can hire someone to support the old version on
    your future platforms.
  </p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft
    is platforms.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="sabotage">Sabotage</h3>

<p>The wrongs in this section are not precisely malware, since they do
not involve making the program that runs in a way that hurts the user.
But they are a lot like malware, since they are technical Microsoft
actions that harm the users of specific Microsoft software.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201904041">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has been  <a href="http://gizmodo.com/woman-wins-10-000-from-microsoft-after-unwanted-window-1782666146">
    forcibly pushing
    href="https://borncity.com/win/2019/01/17/windows-10-update-kb4023057-re-released-1-16-2019/">
    force-installing a “remediation”
    program</a> on computers running certain
    versions of Windows
    update 10. Remediation, in Microsoft's view, means <a
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/kb4023057-update-for-windows-10-update-service-components-fccad0ca-dc10-2e46-9ed1-7e392450fb3a">
    tampering with users' settings and files</a>, notably to its version 10</a>, ignoring
    “repair” any components of the flag on Windows 7 or 8 updating system that you could set users
    may have intentionally disabled, and thus regain full power over
    them. Microsoft repeatedly pushed faulty versions of this program to not upgrade.  This reaffirms the presence
    users' machines, causing numerous problems, some of which <a
    href="https://www.windowsmode.com/microsoft-suspends-windows-10-october-2018-update-rollout-due-to-critical-bugs/">
    critical</a>.</p>

    <p>This exemplifies the arrogant and manipulative attitude
    that proprietary software developers have learned to adopt
    toward the people they are supposedly serving. Migrate to a <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html">universal
    back door in Windows</a>
    href="/distros/free-distros.html">free operating system</a> if you
    can!</p>

    <p>If your employer makes you run Windows, tell the financial
    department how this wastes your time dealing with endless connections
    and premature hardware failures.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704194">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft has made Windows 7
    and 8.</p></li>

  <li><p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
      href="http://www.ghacks.net/2015/11/24/beware-latest-windows-10-update-may-remove-programs-automatically/">
      delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  Microsoft is 8 cease to function on certain new computers, <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/11/microsoft-downloading-windows-1">
  repeatedly nagging many users
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4012982/the-processor-is-not-supported-together-with-the-windows-version-that">effectively
    forcing their owners to install switch to Windows 10</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201704134">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/04/new-processors-are-now-blocked-from-receiving-updates-on-old-windows/">
    has dropped support for Windows 10</a>.
  </p></li>

<li><p> 7 and 8 on recent processors</a>
    in a big hurry.</p>

    <p>It makes no difference what legitimate reasons Microsoft was might
    have for months <a
href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/feb/02/microsoft-downloading-windows-10-automatic-update">
tricking not doing work to support them. If it doesn't want to do
    this work, it should let users into “upgrading” do the work.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606270">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p id="windows10-forcing">In its efforts to trick users of Windows 10</a>, if they
failed to notice
    7 and say no.
</p></li>

  <li><p><a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130622044225/http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/2013/06/how-can-any-company-ever-trust-microsoft-again/index.htm"> 8 into installing all-spying Windows 10 against their
    will, Microsoft informs forced their computers to <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/11/microsoft-downloading-windows-1">
    silently download… the NSA whole of bugs Windows 10</a>! Apparently,
    this was done through a <a
    href="/proprietary/proprietary-back-doors.html#windows-update">
    universal back door</a>. Not only did the unwanted downloads <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/03/windows_10_upgrade_satellite_link/">
    jeopardize important operations in regions of the world with poor
    connectivity</a>, but many of the people who let installation proceed
    found out that this “upgrade” was in fact a <a
    href="http://gizmodo.com/woman-wins-10-000-from-microsoft-after-unwanted-window-1782666146">
    downgrade</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201606010">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Once Microsoft has tricked a user
    into accepting installation of Windows before fixing them.</a></p></li>

  <li><p><a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/blogs/open-enterprise/windows-xp-end-of-an-era-end-of-an-error-3569489/"> 10, <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/06/01/windows_10_nagware_no_way_out/">they
    find that they are denied the option to cancel or even postpone the
    imposed date of installation</a>.</p>

    <p>This demonstrates what we've said for years: using proprietary
    software means letting someone have power over you, and you're going
    to get screwed sooner or later.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601310">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>FTDI's proprietary driver
    for its USB-to-serial chips has been designed to <a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/10/windows-update-drivers-bricking-usb-serial-chips-beloved-of-hardware-hackers/">sabotage
    alternative compatible chips</a>
    so that they no longer work. Microsoft is <a
    href="http://it.slashdot.org/story/16/01/31/1720259/ftdi-driver-breaks-hardware-again">installing
    this automatically</a> as an “upgrade”.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 “upgrades” <a
    href="http://www.ghacks.net/2015/11/24/beware-latest-windows-10-update-may-remove-programs-automatically/">
    delete applications</a> without asking permission.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201503260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191205010621/https://www.computerworld.com/article/3423768/windows-xp--end-of-an-era--end-of-an-error.html">Microsoft
    cut off security fixes for Windows XP, except to some big users that
    pay exorbitantly.</a></p> exorbitantly</a>.</p>

    <p>Microsoft is going to <a href="http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/security/3605515/more-than-half-of-all-ie-users-face-patch-axe-in-10-months/">
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181030194725/https://www.computerworlduk.com/applications/more-than-half-of-all-ie-users-face-patch-axe-in-10-months-3605515/">
    cut off support for some Internet Explorer versions</a> in the same
    way.</p>

    <p>A person or company has the right to cease to work on a particular
    program; the wrong here is Microsoft does this after having made the
    users dependent on Microsoft, because they are not free to ask anyone
    else to work on the program for them.</p></li> them.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201306220">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130622044225/http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/open-enterprise/2013/06/how-can-any-company-ever-trust-microsoft-again/index.htm">Microsoft
    informs the NSA of bugs in Windows before fixing them</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="interference">Microsoft Interference</h3>

<p>Various proprietary programs often mess up id="subscriptions">Subscriptions</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201507150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft Office forces users <a
    href="https://www.computerworld.com/article/2948755/office-for-windows-10-will-require-office-365-subscription-on-pcs-larger-tablets.html">to
    subscribe to Office 365 to be able to create/edit documents</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="surveillance">Surveillance</h3>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M202011260">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft's Office 365 suite enables employers <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/nov/26/microsoft-productivity-score-feature-criticised-workplace-surveillance">to
    snoop on each employee</a>. After
    a public outburst, Microsoft stated that <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/dec/02/microsoft-apologises-productivity-score-critics-derided-workplace-surveillance">it
    would remove this capability</a>. Let's hope so.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202010221">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is imposing its
    surveillance on the game of Minecraft by <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2020/10/22/21527647/minecraft-microsoft-account-mojang-java">requiring
    every player to open an account on Microsoft's network</a>. Microsoft
    has bought the game and will merge all accounts into its network,
    which will give them access to people's data.</p>

    <p>Minecraft players <a
    href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Minetest">can play Minetest</a>
    instead. The essential advantage of Minetest is that it is free
    software, meaning it respects the user's system. They computer freedom. As a bonus,
    it offers more options.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202010210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>As of 2019-2020, Minecraft players are like sabotage, <a
    href="https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/article/java-edition-moving-house">being
    forced to move to Microsoft servers</a>, which results in
    privacy violation. Microsoft publishes a program so users can run
    their own server, but they are not grave enough the program is proprietary and it's another <a
    href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">injustice
    to qualify 
for users</a>.</p>

    <p>People can play <a
    href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Minetest">Minetest</a>
    instead. Minetest is free software and respects the word “sabotage”. Nonetheless, they are nasty user's computer
    freedom.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004301">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Proprietary programs Google Meet, Microsoft Teams, and wrong. This section describes examples WebEx <a
    href="https://www.consumerreports.org/video-conferencing-services/videoconferencing-privacy-issues-google-microsoft-webex/">are
    collecting user's personal and identifiable data</a> including how long
    a call lasts, who's participating in the call, and the IP addresses
    of Microsoft committing
interference.</p>

<ul>

<li>In order everyone taking part. From experience, this can even harm users
    physically if those companies hand over data to increase Windows 10's install base, governments.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M202004131">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2020-04</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Google, Apple, and Microsoft (and probably some other companies)
    <a
href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
blatantly disregards user choice href="https://www.lifewire.com/wifi-positioning-system-1683343">are
    collecting people's access points and privacy</a>. GPS coordinates (which can
    identify people's precise location) even if their GPS is turned
    off</a>, without the person's consent, using proprietary software
    implemented in person's smartphone. Though merely asking for permission
    would not necessarily legitimize this.</p>
  </li>

<li><p>Microsoft has
started

  <li id="M201912160">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-12</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft is <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/04/microsoft-windows-10-full-screen-upgrade-notification-pop-up-reminder">nagging
    href="https://www.howtogeek.com/442609/confirmed-windows-10-setup-now-prevents-local-account-creation/">tricking
    users obnoxiously and repeatedly to create an account on their network</a> to be able to install
    and use the Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft
      <a href="http://news.softpedia.com/news/windows-10-upgrade-reportedly-starting-automatically-on-windows-7-pcs-501651.shtml">is
        tricking
        users</a> operating system, which is malware. The account can
    be used for surveillance and/or violating people's rights in many ways,
    such as turning their purchased software to a subscription product.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201908210">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft recorded users of Xboxes and had <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160522062607/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/17/microsoft_windows_10_upgrade_gwx_vs_humanity/">
into replacing Windows 7 with Windows 10</a>.</p></li>

  <li><p>Microsoft has made companies' Windows machines managed by
    href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/43kv4q/microsoft-human-contractors-listened-to-xbox-owners-homes-kinect-cortana">
    human workers listen to the
company's
sysadmins recordings</a>.</p>

    <p>Morally, we see no difference between having human workers listen and
    having speech-recognition systems listen.  Both intrude on privacy.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201908151">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Skype refuses to say whether it can <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/article/3042397/microsoft-windows/admins-beware-domain-attached-pcs-are-sprouting-get-windows-10-ads.html">harangue
users
    href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/07/20/skype_won_t_comment_on_whether_it_can_now_eavesdrop_on_conversations_.html">eavesdrop
    on calls</a>.</p>

    <p>That almost certainly means it can do so.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201905281">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2019-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft <a
    href="https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/outlook_com/forum/all/why-does-my-new-e-mail-account-need-a-phone-number/70049eaf-3b66-4d02-87cc-79dc73c2ea08">forces
    people to complain give their phone number</a> in order to be able to create an account on
    the sysadmins company's network. On top of mistreating their users by providing
    nonfree software, Microsoft is tracking their lives outside the computer and
    violates their privacy.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201710134">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 telemetry program sends information to Microsoft about not “upgrading”
    the user's computer and their use of the computer.</p>

    <p>Furthermore, for users who installed the
    fourth stable build of Windows 10, called the
    “Creators Update,” Windows maximized the surveillance <a
    href="https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2017/10/dutch-privacy-regulator-says-that-windows-10-breaks-the-law">
    by force setting the telemetry mode to “Full”</a>.</p>

    <p>The <a
    href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/privacy/configure-windows-diagnostic-data-in-your-organization#full-level">
    “Full” telemetry mode</a> allows Microsoft Windows
10</a>.</p></li>
</ul>

<h3 id="surveillance">Microsoft Surveillance</h3>

<ul>

<li><p>By
    engineers to access, among other things, registry keys <a
    href="https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/windows/it-pro/windows-2000-server/cc939702(v=technet.10)">
    which can contain sensitive information like administrator's login
    password</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201702020">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-02</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>DRM-restricted files can be used to <a
    href="https://yro.slashdot.org/story/17/02/02/231229/windows-drm-protected-files-used-to-decloak-tor-browser-users">
    identify people browsing through Tor</a>. The vulnerability exists
    only if you use Windows.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201611240">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>By default, Windows 10 <a
    href="http://betanews.com/2016/11/24/microsoft-shares-windows-10-telemetry-data-with-third-parties">sends
    debugging information to Microsoft, including core dumps</a>. Microsoft
    now distributes them to another company.</p></li>

<li>It company.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201608170.1">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>In order to increase Windows 10's install base, Microsoft <a class="not-a-duplicate" 
    href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/08/windows-10-microsoft-blatantly-disregards-user-choice-and-privacy-deep-dive">
    blatantly disregards user choice and privacy</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201603170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-03</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled
    by default, and turning them off would be daunting to most users.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201601050">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-01</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>It appears <a
    href="http://www.ghacks.net/2016/01/05/microsoft-may-be-collecting-more-data-than-initially-thought/">
    Windows 10 sends data to Microsoft about what applications are 
running</a>.</li>

<li><p>A
    running</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201511264">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-11</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>A downgrade to Windows 10 deleted surveillance-detection
    applications.  Then another downgrade inserted a general spying
    program.  Users noticed this and complained, so Microsoft renamed it <a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160407082751/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/26/microsoft_renamed_data_slurper_reinserted_windows_10/">
    to give users the impression it was gone</a>.</p>

    <p>To use proprietary software is to invite such treatment.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="https://duo.com/blog/bring-your-own-dilemma-oem-laptops-and-windows-10-security"> treatment.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201508130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
    Windows 10 comes with 13 screens of snooping options</a>, all enabled by default,
  and turning them off would be daunting sends identifiable information to most users.</p></li>

  <li><p>
  Windows Microsoft</a>, even if
    a user turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates
    the privacy-protection settings.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201507300">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151001035410/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180923125732/https://jonathan.porta.codes/2015/07/30/windows-10-seems-to-have-some-scary-privacy-defaults/">
    ships with default settings that show no regard for the privacy of
    its users</a>, giving Microsoft the “right” to snoop on
    the users' files, text input, voice input, location info, contacts,
    calendar records and web browsing history, as well as automatically
    connecting the machines to open hotspots and showing targeted ads.</p>

    <p>We can suppose Microsoft look looks at users' files for the US government
    on demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit explicitly
    say so. Will it look at users' files for the Chinese government
    on demand?</p></li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/08/even-when-told-not-to-windows-10-just-cant-stop-talking-to-microsoft/">
  Windows 10 sends identifiable information to Microsoft</a>, even if a user
  turns off its Bing search and Cortana features, and activates the
  privacy-protection settings.</p></li>

  <li><p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables other companies to
  track the browsing of each specific user.</p></li>

  <li>Spyware in Windows 8: <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160313105805/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
  Windows Update snoops on the user.</a>
  <a href="http://www.infoworld.com/t/microsoft-windows/look-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-81-blue-222175">
  Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches.</a> And there's a
  <a href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html">
  secret NSA key in Windows</a>, whose functions we don't know.</li>

  <li><p>
  <a href="http://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
  Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users' data.</a></p>
  </li>

  <li><p>Spyware in Skype:
      <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">
      http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/</a>.
      Microsoft changed Skype
      <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
      specifically for spying</a>.</p> demand?</p>
  </li>

  <li><p>
  Microsoft

  <li id="M201506170">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2015-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft uses Windows 10's “privacy policy”
    to overtly impose a “right” to look at
    users' files at any time. Windows 10 full disk encryption <a href="https://edri.org/microsofts-new-small-print-how-your-personal-data-abused/">
    href="https://edri.org/our-work/microsofts-new-small-print-how-your-personal-data-abused/">
    gives Microsoft a key</a>.</p>

    <p>Thus, Windows is overt malware in regard to surveillance, as in
    other issues.</p>

  <p>We can suppose Microsoft look at users' files for the US government on
  demand, though the “privacy policy” does not explicit say so. Will it
  look at users' files for the Chinese government on demand?</p>

    <p>The unique “advertising ID” for each user enables
    other companies to track the browsing of each specific user.</p>

    <p>It's as if Microsoft has deliberately chosen to make Windows 10
    maximally evil on every dimension; to make a grab for total power
    over anyone that doesn't drop Windows now.</p></li>

</ul>

<h3 id="drm">Microsoft DRM</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p><a href="http://arstechnica.com/apple/2007/08/aacs-tentacles/">
  DRM (digital restrictions mechanisms) now.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201410040">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>It only gets worse with time.  <a
    href="http://www.techworm.net/2014/10/microsofts-windows-10-permission-watch-every-move.html">
    Windows 10 requires users to give permission for total snooping</a>,
    including their files, their commands, their text input, and their
    voice input.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201405140">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2014-05</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190421070310/https://www.itproportal.com/2014/05/14/microsoft-openly-offered-cloud-data-fbi-and-nsa/">
    Microsoft SkyDrive allows the NSA to directly examine users'
    data</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Skype contains <a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130928235637/http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/20/project-chess-how-u-s-snoops-on-your-skype/">spyware</a>.
    Microsoft changed Skype <a
    href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data">
    specifically for spying</a>.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201307080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2013-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Spyware in older versions of Windows: <a
    href="https://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/02/28/windows_update_keeps_tabs/">
    Windows Update snoops on the user</a>. <a
    href="https://www.infoworld.com/article/2611451/a-look-at-the-black-underbelly-of-windows-8-1--blue-.html">
    Windows 8.1 snoops on local searches</a>. And there's a <a
    href="http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40836.html"> secret NSA
    key in Windows</a>, introduced whose functions we don't know.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="tethers">Tethers</h3>

<p>Tethers are functionalities that require constant (or very frequent)
connection to
  cater a server.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201708310">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-08</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>The recent versions of Microsoft Office require the user to <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-drm.html#bluray">Bluray</a> disks.
  (The article also talks about how
    href="https://products.office.com/en-us/microsoft-office-for-home-and-school-faq?legRedir=true&CorrelationId=c9c5b549-11ad-4f71-bf81-b7e069fdb372">
    connect to Microsoft servers at least every thirty-one
    days</a>. Otherwise, the same malware would later software will refuse to edit any documents
    or create new ones. It will be introduced
  in MacOS.)</p></li> restricted to viewing and printing.</p>
  </li>
</ul>


<h3 id="jails">Microsoft Jails</h3>
<ul>
  <li><p><a href="http://www.itworld.com/operating-systems/301057/microsoft-metro-app-store-lockdown"> id="jails">Jails</h3>

<p>Jails are systems that impose censorship on application programs.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201706130">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2017-06</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Windows 10 S was a jail: <a
    href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/03/windows-10-s-microsoft-faster-pc-comparison">
    only programs from the Windows Store could be
    installed and executed</a>. It was however possible to <a
    href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/13/15789998/microsoft-windows-10-s-upgrade-windows-10-pro-guide">
    upgrade to Windows 10 Pro</a>. The successor of Windows
    10 S is a special configuration of Windows 10 called <a
    href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10-and-windows-11-in-s-mode-faq-851057d6-1ee9-b9e5-c30b-93baebeebc85">
    S mode</a>. The major difference with Windows 10 S is that there is
    an easy way to switch out of S mode.</p>
  </li>

  <li id="M201210080">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2012-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a
    href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190917162027/https://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html">
    Windows 8 on “mobile devices” is (now defunct) was a jail</a>: it censors the
  user's choice of application programs.</p></li>
    jail</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>

<h3 id="tyrants">Microsoft Tyrants</h3>
<ul>
<li> id="tyrants">Tyrants</h3>

<p>Tyrants are systems that reject any operating system not
“authorized” by the manufacturer.</p>

<ul class="blurbs">
  <li id="M201607150">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2016-07</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p>Microsoft accidentally left a way for users
    to install GNU/Linux on Windows RT tablets, but now it has <a
    href="http://www.securitynewspaper.com/2016/07/15/microsoft-silently-kills-dev-backdoor-boots-linux-locked-windows-rt-slabs/">
    “fixed” the “error”</a>. Those arrogant
bastards They have the gall
    to call this “protecting” the users.  The article talks
    of installing “Linux”, but the context shows it is really
    <a href="/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html">GNU/Linux</a> that users
install.
</p> install.</p>
  </li>
  <li><p><a href="http://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">

  <li id="M201110110">
    <!--#set var="DATE" value='<small class="date-tag">2011-10</small>'
    --><!--#echo encoding="none" var="DATE" -->
    <p><a href="https://fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot/">
    Mobile devices that come with Windows 8 are tyrants</a>: they block
  users from installing other or modified operating systems.</p></li> tyrants</a>.</p>
  </li>
</ul>
<div class="column-limit"></div>

<p>As this page shows, if you do want to clean your computer of malware,
the first software to delete is Windows.</p>

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