GNU is the only operating system developed specifically to give its users freedom. What is GNU, and what freedom is at stake?
What is GNU?
GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.
What is the Free Software Movement?
The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Non-free software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation.
What is Free Software?
Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.
More precisely, free software means users of a program have the four essential freedoms:
- The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
- The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
- The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
- The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now than they were in 1983.
More about GNU
GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages.
The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.
The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talks to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.
GNU's own kernel, The Hurd, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.
CRISPR drive as a Thompson hack?: I listened to this episode of Radiolab on CRISPR last night (great episode, everyone should listen), and I couldn't stop thinking about this part discussed at... more
Friday Free Software Directory IRC meetup: March 3rd starting at 12 p.m. EST/17:00 UTC: Participate in supporting the FSD by adding new entries and updating existing ones. We will be on IRC in... more
- Support current FSF campaigns.
- Defend privacy, and support global copyright reform with LQDN.
- Support the efforts on net neutrality in Europe, in the USA and in Canada.
- Fight against software patents: worldwide, and Europe.
- Can you contribute to any of these High Priority Areas? Free phone operating system; decentralization, federation, and self-hosting; free drivers, firmware, and hardware designs; real-time voice and video chat; encourage contribution by people underrepresented in the community, and more.
- Can you take over an unmaintained GNU package? halifax, orgadoc, are all looking for maintainers. Also, these packages are looking for co-maintainers: aspell, bison, gnuae, gnubik, metaexchange, powerguru, xboard. See the package web pages for more information.
Today's random package…
GNU Freetalk is a command-line Jabber/XMPP chat client. It notably uses the Readline library to handle input, so it features convenient navigation of text as well as tab-completion of buddy names, commands and English words. It is also scriptable and extensible via Guile. This package is looking for a maintainer. (doc)