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6.4.1 Public Macros


Runs many macros required for proper operation of the generated Makefiles.

Today, AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE is called with a single argument: a space-separated list of Automake options that should be applied to every in the tree. The effect is as if each option were listed in AUTOMAKE_OPTIONS (see Changing Automake’s Behavior).

This macro can also be called in another, deprecated form (support for which will be removed in the next major Automake release (1.13)): AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE(PACKAGE, VERSION, [NO-DEFINE]). In this form, there are two required arguments: the package and the version number. This form is obsolete because the package and version can be obtained from Autoconf’s AC_INIT macro (which itself has an old and a new form).

If your has:

AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE([mumble], [1.5])

you should modernize it as follows:

AC_INIT([mumble], [1.5])

Note that if you’re upgrading your from an earlier version of Automake, it is not always correct to simply move the package and version arguments from AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE directly to AC_INIT, as in the example above. The first argument to AC_INIT should be the name of your package (e.g., ‘GNU Automake’), not the tarball name (e.g., ‘automake’) that you used to pass to AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE. Autoconf tries to derive a tarball name from the package name, which should work for most but not all package names. (If it doesn’t work for yours, you can use the four-argument form of AC_INIT to provide the tarball name explicitly).

By default this macro AC_DEFINE’s PACKAGE and VERSION. This can be avoided by passing the no-define option:

AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE([gnits 1.5 no-define dist-bzip2])

Searches for the program emacs, and, if found, sets the output variable lispdir to the full path to Emacs’ site-lisp directory.

Note that this test assumes the emacs found to be a version that supports Emacs Lisp (such as GNU Emacs or XEmacs). Other emacsen can cause this test to hang (some, like old versions of MicroEmacs, start up in interactive mode, requiring C-x C-c to exit, which is hardly obvious for a non-emacs user). In most cases, however, you should be able to use C-c to kill the test. In order to avoid problems, you can set EMACS to “no” in the environment, or use the --with-lispdir option to configure to explicitly set the correct path (if you’re sure you have an emacs that supports Emacs Lisp).


You must use this macro when you use the archiver in your project, if you want support for unusual archivers such as Microsoft lib. The content of the optional argument is executed if the archiver interface is not recognized; the default action is to abort configure with an error message.


Use this macro when you have assembly code in your project. This will choose the assembler for you (by default the C compiler) and set CCAS, and will also set CCASFLAGS if required.


This is like AC_PROG_CC_C_O, but it generates its results in the manner required by Automake. You must use this instead of AC_PROG_CC_C_O when you need this functionality, that is, when using per-target flags or subdir-objects with C sources.


Like AC_PROG_LEX (see Particular Program Checks in The Autoconf Manual), but uses the missing script on systems that do not have lex. HP-UX 10 is one such system.


This macro finds the gcj program or causes an error. It sets GCJ and GCJFLAGS. gcj is the Java front-end to the GNU Compiler Collection.


Find a compiler for Unified Parallel C and define the UPC variable. The default compiler-search-list is ‘upcc upc’. This macro will abort configure if no Unified Parallel C compiler is found.

AM_MISSING_PROG(name, program)

Find a maintainer tool program and define the name environment variable with its location. If program is not detected, then name will instead invoke the missing script, in order to give useful advice to the user about the missing maintainer tool. See missing and AM_MAINTAINER_MODE, for more information on when the missing script is appropriate.


Enable the machinery for less verbose build output (see Changing Automake’s Behavior).


Add support for the Dmalloc package. If the user runs configure with --with-dmalloc, then define WITH_DMALLOC and add -ldmalloc to LIBS.

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