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2.1.5 The Error Reporting Routine

When yyparse detects a syntax error, it calls the error reporting function yyerror to print an error message (usually but not always "syntax error"). It is up to the programmer to supply yyerror (see Parser C-Language Interface), so here is the definition we will use:

#include <stdio.h>

/* Called by yyparse on error. */
yyerror (char const *s)
  fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", s);

After yyerror returns, the Bison parser may recover from the error and continue parsing if the grammar contains a suitable error rule (see Error Recovery). Otherwise, yyparse returns nonzero. We have not written any error rules in this example, so any invalid input will cause the calculator program to exit. This is not clean behavior for a real calculator, but it is adequate for the first example.