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2.7.56 Rewrites Tutorial Exercise 5

If ‘x’ is the sum ‘a + b’, then ‘nterms(x)’ must be ‘nterms(a)’ plus ‘nterms(b)’. If ‘x’ is not a sum, then ‘nterms(x)’ = 1.

[ nterms(a + b) := nterms(a) + nterms(b),
  nterms(x)     := 1 ]

Here we have taken advantage of the fact that earlier rules always match before later rules; ‘nterms(x)’ will only be tried if we already know that ‘x’ is not a sum.