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10.2.12 Statement Block Symbols

There are a few occasions where a statement block might be used inside an expression. One is in C or C++ code using the gcc extension for this, e.g.:

      1: int res = ({
      2:         int y = foo (); int z;
      3:         if (y > 0) z = y; else z = - y;
      4:         z;
      5:     });

Lines 2 and 5 get the inexpr-statement syntax, besides the symbols they'd get in a normal block. Therefore, the indentation put on inexpr-statement is added to the normal statement block indentation. An inexpr-statement syntactic element doesn't contain an anchor position.

C++11's lambda expressions involve a block inside a statement. For example:

      1:  std::for_each(someList.begin(), someList.end(), [&total](int x) {
      2:                                                     total += x;
      3:                                                 });

Here a lambda expressions begins at the open bracket on line 1 and ends at the closing brace on line 3. Line 2, in addition to the familiar defun-block-intro syntactic element, is also prefixed by an inlambda element, which is typically used to indent the entire lambda expression to under the opening bracket.

In Pike code, there are a few other situations where blocks occur inside statements, as illustrated here:

      1: array itgob()
      2: {
      3:     string s = map (backtrace()[-2][3..],
      4:                     lambda
      5:                         (mixed arg)
      6:                     {
      7:                         return sprintf ("%t", arg);
      8:                     }) * ", " + "\n";
      9:     return catch {
     10:             write (s + "\n");
     11:         };
     12: }

Lines 4 through 8 contain a lambda function, which CC Mode recognizes by the lambda keyword. If the function argument list is put on a line of its own, as in line 5, it gets the lambda-intro-cont syntax. The function body is handled as an inline method body, with the addition of the inlambda syntactic symbol. This means that line 6 gets inlambda and inline-open, and line 8 gets inline-close1.

On line 9, catch is a special function taking a statement block as its argument. The block is handled as an in-expression statement with the inexpr-statement syntax, just like the gcc extended C example above. The other similar special function, gauge, is handled like this too.


[1] You might wonder why it doesn't get inlambda too. It's because the closing brace is relative to the opening brace, which stands on its own line in this example. If the opening brace was hanging on the previous line, then the closing brace would get the inlambda syntax too to be indented correctly.