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These functions “map” the function you specify over the elements
of lists or arrays. They are all variations on the theme of the
built-in function `mapcar`

.

- Function:
**cl-mapcar***function seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function calls

`function`on successive parallel sets of elements from its argument sequences. Given a single`seq`argument it is equivalent to`mapcar`

; given`n`sequences, it calls the function with the first elements of each of the sequences as the`n`arguments to yield the first element of the result list, then with the second elements, and so on. The mapping stops as soon as the shortest sequence runs out. The argument sequences may be any mixture of lists, strings, and vectors; the return sequence is always a list.Common Lisp’s

`mapcar`

accepts multiple arguments but works only on lists; Emacs Lisp’s`mapcar`

accepts a single sequence argument. This package’s`cl-mapcar`

works as a compatible superset of both.

- Function:
**cl-map***result-type function seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function maps

`function`over the argument sequences, just like`cl-mapcar`

, but it returns a sequence of type`result-type`rather than a list.`result-type`must be one of the following symbols:`vector`

,`string`

,`list`

(in which case the effect is the same as for`cl-mapcar`

), or`nil`

(in which case the results are thrown away and`cl-map`

returns`nil`

).

- Function:
**cl-maplist***function list &rest more-lists*¶ This function calls

`function`on each of its argument lists, then on the CDRs of those lists, and so on, until the shortest list runs out. The results are returned in the form of a list. Thus,`cl-maplist`

is like`cl-mapcar`

except that it passes in the list pointers themselves rather than the CARs of the advancing pointers.

- Function:
**cl-mapc***function seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function is like

`cl-mapcar`

, except that the values returned by`function`are ignored and thrown away rather than being collected into a list. The return value of`cl-mapc`

is`seq`, the first sequence. This function is more general than the Emacs primitive`mapc`

. (Note that this function is called`cl-mapc`

even in`cl.el`, rather than`mapc*`

as you might expect.)

- Function:
**cl-mapl***function list &rest more-lists*¶ This function is like

`cl-maplist`

, except that it throws away the values returned by`function`.

- Function:
**cl-mapcan***function seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function is like

`cl-mapcar`

, except that it concatenates the return values (which must be lists) using`nconc`

, rather than simply collecting them into a list.

- Function:
**cl-mapcon***function list &rest more-lists*¶ This function is like

`cl-maplist`

, except that it concatenates the return values using`nconc`

.

- Function:
**cl-some***predicate seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function calls

`predicate`on each element of`seq`in turn; if`predicate`returns a non-`nil`

value,`cl-some`

returns that value, otherwise it returns`nil`

. Given several sequence arguments, it steps through the sequences in parallel until the shortest one runs out, just as in`cl-mapcar`

. You can rely on the left-to-right order in which the elements are visited, and on the fact that mapping stops immediately as soon as`predicate`returns non-`nil`

.

- Function:
**cl-every***predicate seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function calls

`predicate`on each element of the sequence(s) in turn; it returns`nil`

as soon as`predicate`returns`nil`

for any element, or`t`

if the predicate was true for all elements.

- Function:
**cl-notany***predicate seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function calls

`predicate`on each element of the sequence(s) in turn; it returns`nil`

as soon as`predicate`returns a non-`nil`

value for any element, or`t`

if the predicate was`nil`

for all elements.

- Function:
**cl-notevery***predicate seq &rest more-seqs*¶ This function calls

`predicate`on each element of the sequence(s) in turn; it returns a non-`nil`

value as soon as`predicate`returns`nil`

for any element, or`nil`

if the predicate was true for all elements.

- Function:
**cl-reduce***function seq*¶`&key :from-end :start :end :initial-value :key` This function returns the result of calling

`function`on the first and second element of`seq`, then calling`function`with that result and the third element of`seq`, then with that result and the third element of`seq`, etc.Here is an example. Suppose

`function`is`*`

and`seq`is the list`(2 3 4 5)`

. The first two elements of the list are combined with`(* 2 3) = 6`

; this is combined with the next element,`(* 6 4) = 24`

, and that is combined with the final element:`(* 24 5) = 120`

. Note that the`*`

function happens to be self-reducing, so that`(* 2 3 4 5)`

has the same effect as an explicit call to`cl-reduce`

.If

`:from-end`

is true, the reduction is right-associative instead of left-associative:(cl-reduce '- '(1 2 3 4)) ≡ (- (- (- 1 2) 3) 4) ⇒ -8 (cl-reduce '- '(1 2 3 4) :from-end t) ≡ (- 1 (- 2 (- 3 4))) ⇒ -2

If

`:key`

is specified, it is a function of one argument, which is called on each of the sequence elements in turn.If

`:initial-value`

is specified, it is effectively added to the front (or rear in the case of`:from-end`

) of the sequence. The`:key`

function is*not*applied to the initial value.If the sequence, including the initial value, has exactly one element then that element is returned without ever calling

`function`. If the sequence is empty (and there is no initial value), then`function`is called with no arguments to obtain the return value.

All of these mapping operations can be expressed conveniently in
terms of the `cl-loop`

macro. In compiled code, `cl-loop`

will
be faster since it generates the loop as in-line code with no
function calls.

Next: Sequence Functions, Previous: Sequence Basics, Up: Sequences [Contents][Index]