As mentioned in Comment Commands, when the M-j command
adds a comment to a line, it tries to place the comment between the
columns specified by the buffer-local variables
comment-fill-column (or if that is
nil, then the
fill-column, see Explicit Fill Commands). You can set
either the local value or the default value of these buffer-local
variables in the usual way (see Local Variables). Alternatively, you can
type C-x ; (
comment-set-column) to set the value of
comment-column in the current buffer to the column where point
is currently located. C-u C-x ; sets the comment column to
match the last comment before point in the buffer, and then does a
M-; to align the current line’s comment under the previous one.
The comment commands recognize comments based on the regular
expression that is the value of the variable
Make sure this regexp does not match the null string. It may match more
than the comment starting delimiter in the strictest sense of the word;
for example, in C mode the value of the variable could be
"/\\*+[ \t]*\\|//+[ \t]*", which matches extra stars and
spaces after the ‘/*’ itself, and accepts C++ style (‘//’)
comments also. (Note that ‘\\’ is needed in Lisp syntax to
include a ‘\’ in the string, which is needed to deny the first
star its special meaning in regexp syntax. See Backslash in Regular Expressions.)
When a comment command makes a new comment, it inserts the value of
comment-start as an opening comment delimiter. It also inserts
the value of
comment-end after point, as a closing comment
delimiter. For example, in Lisp mode,
"" (the empty string). In
"/* " and
comment-padding specifies a string that the
commenting commands should insert between the comment delimiter(s) and
the comment text. The default, ‘" "’, specifies a single space.
Alternatively, the value can be a number, which specifies that number
of spaces, or
nil, which means no spaces at all.
comment-multi-line controls how M-j and
Auto Fill mode continue comments over multiple lines.
See Multiple Lines of Comments.
comment-indent-function should contain a function
that will be called to compute the alignment for a newly inserted
comment or for aligning an existing comment. It is set differently by
various major modes. The function is called with no arguments, but with
point at the beginning of the comment, or at the end of a line if a new
comment is to be inserted. It should return the column in which the
comment ought to start. For example, the default function bases its
decision on how many comment characters begin an existing comment.
Emacs also tries to align comments on adjacent lines. To override this, the function may return a cons of two (possibly equal) integers to indicate an acceptable range of indentation.