Transpose two characters (
Transpose two words (
Transpose two balanced expressions (
Transpose two lines (
The common error of transposing two characters can be fixed, when they
are adjacent, with the C-t command (
C-t transposes the two characters on either side of point. When
given at the end of a line, rather than transposing the last character of
the line with the newline, which would be useless, C-t transposes the
last two characters on the line. So, if you catch your transposition error
right away, you can fix it with just a C-t. If you don’t catch it so
fast, you must move the cursor back between the two transposed
characters before you type C-t. If you transposed a space with
the last character of the word before it, the word motion commands are
a good way of getting there. Otherwise, a reverse search (C-r)
is often the best way. See Search.
M-t transposes the word before point with the word after point
transpose-words). It moves point forward over a word,
dragging the word preceding or containing point forward as well. The
punctuation characters between the words do not move. For example,
‘FOO, BAR’ transposes into ‘BAR, FOO’ rather than
transpose-sexps) is a similar command for
transposing two expressions (see Expressions), and C-x C-t
transpose-lines) exchanges lines. They work like M-t
except as regards what units of text they transpose.
A numeric argument to a transpose command serves as a repeat count: it tells the transpose command to move the character (word, expression, line) before or containing point across several other characters (words, expressions, lines). For example, C-u 3 C-t moves the character before point forward across three other characters. It would change ‘f∗oobar’ into ‘oobf∗ar’. This is equivalent to repeating C-t three times. C-u - 4 M-t moves the word before point backward across four words. C-u - C-M-t would cancel the effect of plain C-M-t.
A numeric argument of zero is assigned a special meaning (because otherwise a command with a repeat count of zero would do nothing): to transpose the character (word, expression, line) ending after point with the one ending after the mark.