This appendix explains how to use procmail, which can file mail from mailing lists into folders which can then be read easily with MH-E56. Unfortunately, procmail is no longer recommended due to its security vulnerabilities. Some mailing lists have such high traffic that Gnus must be used and I discuss how to use Gnus side-by-side with MH-E.
First, I’ll describe how to put mail from your mailing lists directly
into an MH folder using
procmail. First, add the following
to ~/.procmailrc. While the logging variables aren’t strictly
necessary, they are extremely useful.
 # Update PATH so procmail can find myrcvstore, rcvstore and mhparam.  PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/mh:/usr/bin/mh:$HOME/bin   # Point LOGFILE at the actual log file.  LOGFILE=$HOME/.procmail.log   # This setting provides just the right amount of information.  LOGABSTRACT=all   # Uncomment the following line to see how your patterns match.  #VERBOSE=yes   # Place mail sent to any MH-E mailing list in +mh-e.  :0 w: mh-e$LOCKEXT  * ^TO.*mh-e-.*@.*sourceforge.net  | myrcvstore -create +mh-e
Line 14 creates a lock file in your mail directory based upon the name
of the folder. This is done because
rcvstore does not
perform locking. While this lock file will prevent
from writing to a folder concurrently, there is a slight chance that
you might lose a message if you’re performing operations on a folder
at the same time
rcvstore is placing a message there. You
have been warned. Now that that disclaimer is out of the way, note
that I’ve been using this set-up for over a decade and haven’t lost
anything to my knowledge57.
Line 16 uses the following script,
myrcvstore, to massage the
message as described in the comment and file the message in the given
#! /bin/sh # Accepts a message on standard input and passes it through rcvstore # after first passing it through any filters. All arguments are passed # on to rcvstore. # Force the "From user date" to become part of header. One reason this # is done is because the presence of the From field confuses dist so # that dist adds a new header, rather than using the existing header. # Note that this should not be done for any message that goes into a # Gnus incoming file (Gnus will thrown an error) nor should it be # applied to any message that goes to the system mailbox because the # entire mailbox will be incorporated as a single message. formail -c -z -R 'From ' X-Envelope-From: | rcvstore $@
If your version of
rcvstore doesn’t add messages to the
‘unseen’ sequence by default, add the following line to your MH
If you’re on a mailing list that is so voluminous that it is impossible to read every message, it usually better to read the mailing list like a newsgroup in a news reader. Emacs has a built-in newsreader called Gnus. The remainder of this appendix talks about how to use Gnus with an MH message store.
This table contains a list of Gnus options that you will have to modify. Note that for them to become accessible, you’ll have to load nnml.el first. This can be done with M-x load-library RET nnml RET.
Select the ‘nnml’ value. This select method uses directories for folders and individual files for messages, just like MH. You do not have to set an address.
In order to send mail within Gnus using MH-E, set this option to
‘mail-user-agent’ and set the
mail-user-agent option to
‘Emacs interface to MH’.
Since Gnus keeps track of which messages you have read, it would be
bad if Gnus expired the last message, for example, message 100, and
rcvstore gave the next new message number 1. Gnus would then
ignore it since it thinks that you’ve read messages 1–100. Turning on
this option ensures that the last message is never removed thereby
eliminating this problem.
Next add the following to ~/.procmailrc. If you don’t subscribe to the GnuCash mailing list, substitute one to which you are subscribed.
PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/mh MAILDIR=$HOME/`mhparam Path` # Place mail sent to the GnuCash mailing list in gnucash.spool, where # Gnus will pick it up. :0: * ^TO.*gnucash.*@.*gnucash.org gnucash.spool
Wait for some messages to appear in gnucash.spool and run Gnus with M-x gnus RET. To view the folder created in the example above, you would tell Gnus about it the first time only with G m gnucash RET nnml RET. In MH-E, this folder is known as ‘+gnucash’.
The MH equivalent,
can be used as well, but procmail was more flexible and more packages
exist for procmail than for slocal.
Savannah issue #4361 to see if
rcvstore locking is still an
The ‘-create’ argument wasn’t always the default