The Emms Manual

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Emms Manual

This is the Manual for the Emacs Multimedia System.

© 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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1 Introduction

Emms is the Emacs Multi-Media System. Emms organizes playlists, allows browsing through track and album metadata, and plays files by calling external players.

This manual tries to be the definitive source of information about Emms, an online version of the manual is available at:

The basic functionality of Emms consists of three parts: The core, the sources, and the players.

The core resides in emms.el, provides a simple playlist, and the basic functionality to use all the other features of Emms. It provides the common user commands and interfaces for other parts. It thinks in tracks, where a track is the combination of a type and a name - e.g. the track type ’file has a name that is the file name. Other track types are possible.

To get to tracks, the core needs sources. The file emms-source-file.el provides simple sources to interact with the file system.

When Emms finally has the sources in the playlist, it needs a player to play them. emms-player-simple.el defines a few useful players and provides a straightforward way of providing your own.

The Emms comes with many additional features to extend the functionality beyond the core.

The way Emms works is easy to customize with your own code or by using ‘M-x customize’ or by changing the variables directly.

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2 Quickstart Guide

This chapter demonstrates how to setup Emms so that you can start listening to your music without having to read all of the documentation first. This is the tl;dr version of the manual.

The first thing to do is to load Emms via GNU ELPA. Invoke M-x list-packages and choose to install Emms.

If you are installing Emms manually, then start by telling Emacs where your copy of Emms is located. Let’s say you have it in ~/elisp/emms/. So add this line to your .emacs:

(add-to-list 'load-path "~/elisp/emms/lisp/")
(require 'emms-setup)

(More detailed information about installing Emms can be found in the installation chapter, See Installation.)

Either way, you are now ready to configure Emms. Your Emms config can be as simple as three lines. For example:

(setq emms-player-list '(emms-player-vlc)
      emms-info-functions '(emms-info-native))

The function emms-all loads all of the stable features in Emms.

Emms can automatically generate that ‘setq’ statement for you based on which players and metadata readers you have installed on your system. Just invoke emms-setup-discover and answer a few questions.

The variable emms-player-list is a list of players that Emms should call to play your media. In this example we assume that you have VLC installed on your system. But if you use mpv or mplayer instead, just change emms-player-vlc to emms-player-mpv or emms-player-mplayer; you get the idea.

The variable emms-info-functions is a list of ways for Emms to read the metadata in your media files, so that Emms can display the song title, artist name, etc. emms-info-native is a metadata reader written entirely in Emacs Lisp, but there are also other backends which call external programs such as TinyTag, Taglib, Exiftool, and etc.

Reload your Emacs initialization file, or restart Emacs to let the changes have an effect.

Add all your music to a playlist by invoking M-x emms-add-directory-tree RET ~/my_music_directory/ RET. When you do this Emms will start reading metadata from the files and populating the cache. This may take a while.

When you are done, you can load the browser with M-x emms-browser, or view your playlist directly with M-x emms-playlist-mode-go (when in the playlist you can hit RET on a track to start playing it.)

Now you can start exploring Emms. It’s probably best to begin with the basic commands (see Basic Commands), the interactive playlists (see Interactive Playlists), and the browser (see The Browser).

More detail about setting up Emms can be found in the setup chapter, See Setup.

Need help? There are knowledgeable people on the #emacs channel on irc (, and Emms has a mailing list at

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3 Installation

Emms is available via GNU ELPA, which takes care of all of the following steps automatically.

If you are installing Emms manually, you need to put all the .el files of emms in a directory in your load-path. For example, if you put all those files into ~/elisp/emms/, then in your ~/.emacs, you should add:

(add-to-list 'load-path "~/elisp/emms/lisp/")

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3.1 Compiling Emms

If you are using XEmacs, you will need to edit Makefile as follows before continuing.


You can byte-compile Emms by first entering the directory containing the Emms source code, followed by invoking:


Which will byte compile Emms. You can then invoke:

make install

Which will install Emms into your Emacs directories (provided you have the appropriate permissions to do so on your system).

Note that Emms is a light-weight and agile program, you can therefore run Emms just fine without byte compiling it.

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4 Setup

The ‘emms-setup’ feature is provided by the file emms-setup.el. It is essentially a collection of shortcuts for loading different Emms features quickly, but everything you can do with ‘emms-setup’ can also be done manually.

We use ‘emms-setup’ by calling one of the setup functions.

Function: emms-minimalistic

An Emms setup script. Playlists and all the basics for playing media, but nothing else.

Function: emms-all

An Emms setup script. Loads all the stable features which come with the Emms distribution.

‘emms-setup’ also comes with a convenience function to set a default list of media players.

Function: emms-default-players

Set emms-player-list to emms-setup-default-player-list.

You can of course write your own Emms setup functions like the above by looking at the existing function definitions in emms-setup.el.

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5 Configuration

This chapter discusses the configuration of Emms in more detail.

The following code fragment provides a minimal Emms setup without using the layer of ‘emms-setup’. It can maybe be used to better understand the internals of Emms. You can see how Emms needs to know about players (these are defined in ‘emms-player-simple’) and about sources for tracks (trivial file system based sources, such as this ‘emms-directory-tree’, are defined in ‘emms-source-file’).

(require 'emms-player-simple)
(require 'emms-source-file)
(require 'emms-source-playlist)
(setq emms-player-list '(emms-player-mpg321

For a discussion on how to define additional players, see See Simple Players.

Much of the behaviour of Emms can be changed by setting variables. For example:

(setq emms-info-asynchronously nil)
(setq emms-playlist-buffer-name "*Music*")

The first setq turns off the asynchronous updating of info tags. The second sets the default name of the Emms playlist buffer.

Another way to change Emms variables is to use the M-x customize mechanism provided by Emacs.

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5.1 Finding files and speed

Emms needs to traverse directories in order to find playable media. The default method Emms uses to achive this is emms-source-file-directory-tree-internal as defined in emms-source-file.el. The above method is written portably and will always work, but might be too slow if we want to load several hundred tracks (or more).

emms-source-file.el defines another method for finding files, emms-source-file-directory-tree-find which uses GNU/find. emms-source-file-directory-tree-find is usually an order of magnitude faster, but of course will not work if you do not have GNU/find installed.

The method Emms will use is defined in the customisable variable emms-source-file-directory-tree-function.

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5.2 Setup Examples

What follow are samples from real-world Emms configurations which show some of the variety and breadth of modifications people make to the default Emms setup.

The following excerpt includes dbus integration, defining a "recent" filter for the See The Browser, persistent playlist via emms-history.el, and enabling sending track information with emms-librefm-stream.el:

  ;; notifications
  (require 'emms-dbus)
  ;; covers
  (setq emms-browser-covers #'emms-browser-cache-thumbnail-async)
  (setq emms-browser-thumbnail-small-size 64)
  (setq emms-browser-thumbnail-medium-size 128)
  ;; filters
  (emms-browser-make-filter "all" #'ignore)
  (emms-browser-make-filter "recent"
     (lambda (track) (< 30
  (time-subtract (current-time)
        (emms-info-track-file-mtime track))))))
  (emms-browser-set-filter (assoc "all" emms-browser-filters))
  ;; history
  ;; libre-fm

In the following it is possible to see how some of defaults are set regarding saving playlists, playlist interaction, as well as adding special arguments to a specific player backend.

   emms-source-file-default-directory "/mnt/db/mediaCore/sound_music/"

   emms-source-playlist-default-format 'm3u
   emms-playlist-mode-center-when-go t
   emms-playlist-default-major-mode 'emms-playlist-mode
   emms-show-format "NP: %s"

   emms-player-list '(emms-player-mpv)
   emms-player-mpv-environment '("PULSE_PROP_media.role=music")
   emms-player-mpv-parameters '("--quiet" "--really-quiet" "--no-audio-display" "--force-window=no" "--vo=null"))

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6 Getting Help

If you have a bug to report, need help, or wish to suggest a feature, please feel free to use the Emms mailing list. The address of the list is To subscribe to it, visit

If you are familiar with the Gmane service, there is a Gmane newsgroup which mirrors this mailing address at gmane.emacs.emms.user.

Emms also has a website at

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7 Formats and Freedom

Emms is free software, but some of the file formats it can play carry restrictions, they are proprietary file formats. Proprietary software companies are pushing out audio and video formats which restrict when, where and how you can play them, and restrict developers from writing free software which interacts with them.

Restrictive file formats put the corporate bottom-line before the public interest.

Fortunately there are alternatives like Ogg. Ogg is a professional grade multimedia format. Ogg Vorbis is the compressed audio format (like MP3), and Ogg Theora is the video format. For more information, go to

If you want to transcode audio into a lossless format, you can try FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec). FLAC stands out as the fastest and most widely supported lossless audio codec, and the only one that at once is non-proprietary, is unencumbered by patents and has the source code for a reference implementation freely available. For more information about FLAC, go to

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8 Basic Commands

Before you can use the interface commands, you need a playlist to start with. The following commands allow you to add to the current playlist from different sources:

Note that the commands with the “emms-add-” prefix add the source to the playlist but do not start playing it immediately. Conversely, the commands with the “emms-play-” prefix begin playing the track immediately.

Function: emms-play-file file

A source for a single file - either file, or queried from the user. If called with a prefix the file will be added like emms-add-file.

Function: emms-add-file file

A source for a single file - either file, or queried from the user. If called with a prefix the file will be played like emms-play-file.

Function: emms-play-directory dir

A source for a whole directory tree - either dir, or queried from the user.

Function: emms-add-directory dir

A source for a whole directory tree - either dir, or queried from the user.

Function: emms-play-directory-tree dir

A source for multiple directory trees - either dir, or the value of emms-source-file-default-directory.

Function: emms-add-directory-tree dir

A source for multiple directory trees - either dir, or the value of emms-source-file-default-directory.

Function: emms-play-url url

A source for an url - for example, for streaming over http, playing over sftp, or playing local files (with the “file://” scheme).

Function: emms-add-url url

A source for an url - for example, for streaming over http, playing over sftp, or playing local files (with the “file://” scheme).

Function: emms-play-playlist playlist

A source for the M3u or PLS playlist format from the file playlist.

Function: emms-add-playlist playlist

A source for the M3u or PLS playlist format from the file playlist.

Function: emms-play-find dir regexp

A source that will find files in dir or emms-source-file-default-directory which match regexp.

Function: emms-add-find dir regexp

A source that will find files in dir or emms-source-file-default-directory which match regexp.

The basic functionality of Emms is just to play music without being noticed. It provides a few commands to skip the current track and such, but other than that it doesn’t show up. Emms provides the following basic user commands (which you might want to bind to keystrokes):

Function: emms-start

Start playing the current playlist

Function: emms-stop

Stop playing

Function: emms-next

Start playing the next track in the playlist

Function: emms-previous

Start playing previous track in the playlist

Function: emms-shuffle

Shuffle the current playlist. This uses emms-playlist-shuffle-function.

Function: emms-sort

Sort the current playlist. This uses emms-playlist-sort-function.

Function: emms-show &optional insertp

Describe the current Emms track in the minibuffer. If insertp is non-nil, insert the description into the current buffer instead. This function uses emms-show-format to format the current track.

The command emms-show-all will pop up a window with the complete information about the track being played. emms-show-all is provided by emms-show-all.el, which is included in the ‘emms-all’ setup level. See See Setup.

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9 The Core File

The core file emms.el provides the all basic functions for playing music, generating playlists and defining players.

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9.1 User Variables

The core file defines a number of user variables.

User Option: emms-player-list

A list of players Emms can use. You need to set this in order to use Emms to play media.

User Option: emms-show-format

The format to use for emms-show. Any "%s" is replaced by what emms-track-description-function returns for the currently playing track.

User Option: emms-repeat-playlist

Non-nil if the Emms playlist should automatically repeat the playlist. If nil, playback will stop when the last track finishes playing.

User Option: emms-track-description-function

Function for describing an Emms track in a user-friendly way.

User Option: emms-sort-lessp-function

A function that compares two tracks, and returns non-nil if the first track should be sorted before the second (see also sort).

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9.2 Hooks

The core file provides hook variables for the basic functionality of Emms.

User Option: emms-player-started-hook

A hook run when an Emms player started playing.

User Option: emms-player-stopped-hook

A hook run when an Emms player stopped playing. See also emms-player-finished-hook.

User Option: emms-playlist-source-inserted-hook

Hook run when a source got inserted into the playlist. The buffer is narrowed to the new tracks.

User Option: emms-playlist-selection-changed-hook

Hook run after another track is selected in the Emms playlist.

User Option: emms-playlist-cleared-hook

Hook run after the current Emms playlist is cleared. This happens both when the playlist is cleared and when a new buffer is created for it.

User Option: emms-player-finished-hook

Hook run when an Emms player finishes playing a track. Please pay attention to the differences between emms-player-finished-hook and emms-player-stopped-hook. The former is called only when the player is stopped interactively; the latter, only when the player actually finishes playing a track.

User Option: emms-player-paused-hook

Hook run when a player is paused or resumed. Use emms-player-paused-p to find the current state.

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9.3 Core Functions

The core file also defines all the functions important to the basic use of Emms.

There are functions which deal with movement in the playlist.

Function: emms-next-noerror

Start playing the next track in the Emms playlist. Unlike emms-next, this function doesn’t signal an error when called at the end of the playlist. This function should only be called when no player is playing. This is a good function to put in emms-player-finished-hook.

Function: emms-playlist-next

Move to the previous track in the current buffer.

Function: emms-playlist-previous

Move to the previous track in the current buffer.

Function: emms-random

Jump to a random track.

Function: emms-toggle-repeat-playlist

Toggle whether emms repeats the playlist after it is done. See emms-repeat-playlist.

Function: emms-toggle-repeat-track

Toggle whether emms repeats the current track. See emms-repeat-track.

Function: emms-toggle-random-playlist

Toggle whether emms plays the tracks randomly or sequentially. See


Some functions deal with the getting and setting track information.

Function: emms-track type name

Create a track with type type and name name.

Function: emms-track-type track

Return the type of track.

Function: emms-track-name track

Return the name of track.

Function: emms-track-get name track &optional inexistent

Return the value of name for track. If there is no value, return default (or nil, if not given).

Function: emms-track-set track name value

Set the value of name for track to value.

Function: emms-track-description track

Return a description of track. This function uses emms-track-description-function.

Function: emms-player-for track

Return an Emms player capable of playing track. This will be the first player whose PLAYABLEP function returns non-nil, or nil if no such player exists.

Function: emms-playlist-current-selected-track

Return the currently selected track in the current playlist.

There are also functions which deal with the playing itself.

Function: emms-player-start track

Start playing track.

Function: emms-player-stop

Stop the currently playing player.

Function: emms-player-stopped

Declare that the current Emms player is finished. This should only be done by the current player itself.

Function: emms-seek duration

Seek the current player by duration from its current position. The argument duration can be:

In both forms seconds can be a floating point number. A negative value seeks backwards.

Function: emms-seek-to timestamp

Seek the current player to timestamp. Acceptable forms for timestamp are the same as time duration in emms-seek, except that timestamps cannot be negative.

Function: emms-seek-forward

Seek ten seconds forward.

Function: emms-seek-backward

Seek ten seconds backward.

For more basic commands defined in the core file see See Basic Commands.

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10 Sources

Sources allow Emms to add and play tracks. Emms comes with a number of sources of its own. Sources are designed so that creating new ones will be easy.

For examples of Emms sources for files and directories see emms-source-file.el.

User Option: emms-source-file-default-directory

The default directory to look for media files.

Function: emms-play-find

Play all files in emms-source-file-default-directory that match a specific regular expression.

Function: emms-source-file &optional file

An Emms source for a single file - either file, or queried from the user.

Function: emms-source-files files

An Emms source for a list of files.

Function: emms-source-directory &optional dir

An Emms source for a whole directory tree - either dir, or queried from the user

Function: emms-source-directory-tree & optional dir

An Emms source for multiple directory trees - either dir, or the value of emms-source-file-default-directory.

Function: emms-source-playlist file

An Emms source for playlists. See emms-source-playlist-formats for a list of supported formats.

Function: emms-source-playlist-native file

An Emms source for a native Emms playlist file.

Function: emms-source-playlist-m3u file

An Emms source for an m3u playlist file.

Function: emms-source-playlist-pls file

An Emms source for a pls playlist file.

Function: emms-source-find &optional dir regex

An Emms source that will find files in dir or emms-source-file-default-directory that match regexp.

Function: emms-source-beets database filter sort

An Emms source that will read a beets library database (requires Emacs to be built with SQLite support). With prefix argument filter, interactively filter the database. With a double (or more) prefix argument, also set sort interactively; otherwise use emms-source-beets-sort-columns. If database is omitted or nil, emms-source-beets-database is used.

Function: emms-source-file-directory-tree &optional dir

Return a list of all files under dir which match regex.

Function: emms-play-dired

Play all marked files of a dired buffer

Function: emms-add-dired

Add all marked files of a dired buffer

Function: emms-source-file-regex

Return a regexp that matches everything any player (that supports files) can play.

Function: emms-locate regexp

Search for regexp and display the results in a locate buffer

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11 Simple Players

Macro: define-emms-simple-player name types regex command &rest args

Define a simple player. name is used to construct the name of the function like emms-player-name. types is a list of track types understood by this player. regex must be a regexp that matches the filenames the player can play. command specifies the command line argument to call the player and args are the command line arguments.

For a discussion on how to define new players see See New Player.

Function: emms-player-simple-stop

Stop the currently playing process, if indeed there is one.

Function: emms-player-simple-start filename cmdname params

Starts a process playing filename using the specified cmdname with the specified params.

Function: emms-player-simple-sentinel proc str

Sentinel for determining the end of process for the process proc and the sentinel string str.

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12 Playlists

Emms uses Emacs buffers to store the media tracks for playing. We call one such buffer a “playlist buffer” or an “Emms playlist buffer”. Emms then proceeds to play the media tracks in the buffer from top to bottom until the end of the playlist.

The name of the playlist buffer is defined in the variable emms-playlist-buffer-name and is set to be an invisible Emacs buffer by default. You can change to any name you want. For an example configuration see See Configuration.

You can create any number of playlist buffers you wish. At any time Emms has a single “current” buffer through which it proceeds track by track. A saved playlist can be added to the current buffer by calling M-x emms-add-playlist or M-x emms-play-playlist, which also plays the tracks immediately.

Function: emms-playlist-new &optional name

Create a new playlist buffer. The buffer is named name, but made unique. name defaults to ‘emms-playlist-buffer-name’. If called interactively, the new buffer is also selected.

Function: emms-playlist-save &optional format file

Store the current playlist to FILE as the type FORMAT. The default format is specified by emms-source-playlist-default-format.

The current Emms playlist buffer is stored in the variable emms-playlist-buffer.

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13 Track Information

By default Emms will only list tracks as file names or URLs in playlists (see Playlists) and the browser (see The Browser). However, Emms can be configured to utilize so-called info methods to augment tracks with metadata information, such as artist name, track name, album title, and the like. We describe these methods and their use in this chapter.

Fundamentally, info methods are Emacs Lisp functions that are called for each track to provide information for that track. Current info methods in Emms are restricted to tracks that are files; they do not work with stream URLs (see Streaming Audio). Some of the methods require installation of some additional software that Emms can then call to read metadata from disk (see Metadata Utilities). Finally, some methods work only with a limited set of media file formats such as Ogg or MP3, while some methods support a wide variety of formats.

If caching is enabled (it is by default) then the metadata for each track will be stored in the cache for faster retrieval. That means if you change info method and want updated tracks, you will have to reset the cache M-x emms-cache-reset and then repopulate with M-x emms-add-directory-tree RET ~/Music/ RET or similar.

Automatic track information retrieval is enabled by default in the emms-all setup level (see Setup). That setup level configures Emms to use emms-info-native and emms-info-cueinfo methods, as they are the only methods that do not rely on additional software.

Here is a list of all info methods distributed with Emms and their software requirements:


This method is implemented completely in Emacs Lisp and hence does not require any external software. It supports Ogg Vorbis, Opus, FLAC and MP3 files.


This method utilizes a small Python library tinytag. It supports MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Opus, MP4, M4A, FLAC, WMA and WAV formats.


This method calls exiftool utility written in Perl. It supports dozens of media file formats, far too many to list here.


This method calls a small “shim” executable emms-print-metadata built around TagLib library. It supports MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Opus, FLAC, MPC, Speex, WavPack, TrueAudio, WAV, AIFF, MP4 and ASF formats.


This method calls metaflac utility. It works only with FLAC files.


This method calls mp3info utility. It works only with MP3 files that have older id3v1 tags.


This method calls ogginfo utility. It supports Ogg Vorbis and Theora formats.


This method calls opusinfo utility. It works only with Opus files.


This is a special method that parses track information from an accompanying cue file for FLAC and APE files (see APE / FLAC Commands). It does not require any additional software.

To use any of the methods, add the method to emms-info-functions list. For example:

(require 'emms-info-native)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-native)

You can also use a combination of format-specific tools if needed:

(require 'emms-info-mp3info)
(require 'emms-info-ogginfo)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-mp3info 'emms-info-ogginfo)

In this case both emms-info-mp3info and emms-info-ogginfo will be called for each track.

There are a number of user variables which control the behavior of emms-info:

User Option: emms-info-auto-update

Non-nil when Emms should update track information if the file changes. This will cause hard drive activity on track loading. If this is too annoying for you, set this variable to nil.

User Option: emms-info-asynchronously

Non-nil when track information should be loaded asynchronously. This requires the feature later-do which is provided by the file later-do.el, which comes with Emms. See variable emms-later-do-batch for performance tweaking.

User Option: emms-info-functions

A list of functions (info methods) which add information to tracks. Each function is called with a track as argument. If two info methods produce the same information (for example album name), the latter one takes precedence.

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13.1 Metadata Utilities

With the exception of emms-info-native and emms-info-cueinfo, Emms info methods require external metadata utilities to read metadata from media files. If you plan to use a certain info method, make sure you have the corresponding utility installed. All of these utilities are free software, and most of them are included in free GNU/Linux distributions.


tinytag is a Python library for reading metadata from music files. It is available at Naturally a working Python interpreter is also required. The corresponding Emms info method is emms-info-tinytag.

It is best to configure emms-info-tinytag as the sole info method for Emms, because competing and overlapping methods can cause confusion. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-tinytag)
(setq emms-info-functions '(emms-info-tinytag))


ExifTool is a platform-independent Perl library and a command-line application for reading, writing and editing meta information in a wide variety of files. It is available at Naturally a working Perl interpreter is also required. The corresponding Emms info method is emms-info-exiftool.

It is best to configure emms-info-exiftool as the sole info method for Emms, because competing and overlapping methods can cause confusion. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-exiftool)
(setq emms-info-functions '(emms-info-exiftool))


TagLib is a library for reading and editing metadata of several popular audio formats. It is available at Because TagLib is a C++ library instead of an executable program, you have to build and install a small “shim” executable emms-print-metadata around it. emms-info-libtag will then call this executable to read metadata from media files.

To compile emms-print-metadata invoke

make emms-print-metadata

in Emms directory. For this to succeed you need to have a working C++ compiler and TagLib development libraries installed on your system. The resultant binary executable will be installed when you invoke

make install as in See Compiling Emms.

It is of course also possible to install only the emms-print-metadata binary where your system can find and execute it without installing all of Emms via the make command.

Once emms-print-metadata is available, it is best to configure emms-info-libtag as the sole info method for Emms, because competing and overlapping methods can cause confusion. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-libtag)
(setq emms-info-functions '(emms-info-libtag))


metaflac is the command-line FLAC file metadata editor. It is included in FLAC source distribution available at The corresponding info method is emms-info-metaflac. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-metaflac)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-metaflac)


MP3info is a small utility for reading and modifying id3v1 tags from MP3 files. Note that more recent id3v2 tags are not supported; for those you need to use another info method, for example emms-info-native. MP3info is available at

The corresponding info method is emms-info-mp3info. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-mp3info)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-mp3info)


ogginfo is a small utility for extracting information about Ogg Vorbis and Theora files. It is part of Vorbis Tools source distribution available at The corresponding info method is emms-info-ogginfo. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-ogginfo)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-ogginfo)


opusinfo is a small utility for extracting information about Opus files. It is part of Opus Tools source distribution available at The corresponding info method is emms-info-opusinfo. To use it, add the following into your Emacs initialization file:

(require 'emms-info-opusinfo)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-opusinfo)

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13.2 Defining Info Methods

An info method essentially consists of a function which, given an Emms track, sets the appropriate info-symbols for that track. Info symbols are keys that have an associated value stored in the metadata cache. While info symbols can have arbitrary names, the following symbols are recognized by Emms:


Album title.


Album title for collation.


Artist name.


Artist name for collation.


Album artist name.


Album artist name for collation.


Composer name.


Composer name for collation.


Release date.


Original release date.


Performer name.


Track title.


Track title for collation.


Track number.


Disc number.


Release year.


Original release year.


Free-form note.




Record label.


Playing time in seconds.

An info method does not need to add all of these symbols into the given track. It can also add other symbols, but those extra symbols won’t be used by Emms.

We can for example look at the predefined method for retrieving information about audio tracks in the Ogg format. The function emms-info-ogginfo provided by emms-info-ogginfo.el accepts an Emms track track as a single argument. It uses ogginfo utility to extract a list of key-value metadata pairs from the file represented by track. Next, it sets the appropriate info symbols for track by calling emms-track-set. Info symbols are interned from the extracted keys. Those keys can be arbitrary strings, but they typically coincide with the keys listed above; for example “album” and “artist” form info symbols info-album and info-artist.

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14 Interactive Playlists

Emms provides a visual, interactive playlist mode as well as the ability to use playlists without ever looking at then. This visual, interactive mode is called the ‘emms-playlist-mode’ and is defined in emms-playlist-mode.el.

The interactive playlist mode is enabled by default in the ‘emms-all’ setup level. For more information about Emms setup levels see See Setup.

Function: emms-playlist-mode-go

Switch to the current emms-playlist buffer and use emms-playlist-mode.

If you wish to make this the default Emms playlist mode, add the following to your .emacs.

(setq emms-playlist-default-major-mode 'emms-playlist-mode)

The interactive playlist buffer shows the tracks in the current Emms playlist in the order in which they will be played. The current track will be highlighted.

When in the interactive playlist mode we can perform different actions on the current playlist.


Add files in the playlist at point to the current playlist buffer. If we are in the current playlist, make a new playlist buffer and set it as current.


Set the current playlist buffer.


Start playing the next track in the playlist.


Start playing the previous track in the playlist.


Stop playing.




Seek ten seconds forward.


Seek ten seconds backward.


Describe the currently playing track in the minibuffer.


Display the current track in the center of the screen.


Start playing the track under point. Note that this is also available with <mouse-2>.


Scroll up a near full page.


Go to the first track in the playlist.


Go to the last track in the playlist.


Go to a randomly selected track in the playlist.


Put the interactive playlist buffer at the end of the list of all buffers.

C-x C-s

Save the current playlist buffer to a file. By default, Emms will ask you for confirmation before overwriting an existing playlist. You can silently overwrite existing playlist by setting emms-source-playlist-ask-before-overwrite to nil.


Describe the mode.


Shift the track at point up one line.


Shift the track at point down one line.


Switch to the next playlist buffer.


Switch to the previous playlist buffer.

We can also edit the playlist using familiar GNU/Emacs commands:


Remove the track under point from the playlist buffer. Also available using the d key.


See the command yank


See the command yank-pop.


Insert a newline at point.

We can use the regular GNU/Emacs killing and yanking commands to move and copy tracks in between playlist buffers. We can use the same commands to insert arbitrary text into the playlist buffers together with the playlist tracks. Text which is not a track is ignored by the program and can therefore be used to include titles and annotations within the playlist.

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15 Markable Playlists

The Markable Playlists provided by the file emms-mark.el are an alternative to the default interactive playlists, See Interactive Playlists. They allow marking tracks with keybindings familiar to users of dired.

To enable the Markable Playlists you have to add

(require 'emms-mark)

to your .emacs. Then you can activate emms-mark-mode by executing M-x emms-mark-mode in a playlist buffer. You can return to the default interactive playlist mode with M-x emms-mark-mode-disable.

If you wish to make this the default Emms playlist mode, add the following to your .emacs.

(setq emms-playlist-default-major-mode 'emms-mark-mode)

Marks the current track and sets point one line forward. If a prefix argument ARG is given, it will mark the next ARG tracks and set point accordingly. A negative argument marks backward.


Unmarks all tracks in the playlist.


Toggles mark on the current track.


Unmarks same way as emms-mark-forward marks.

% m

Marks all tracks in the playlist matching the given regular expression. A prefix argument means to unmark them instead.

When tracks are marked you can operate on them:


Deletes the marked tracks from the playlist.


Deletes the marked tracks from the playlist and places them in the kill-ring, so that you can yank in into another playlist.


Adds the marked tracks to the kill-ring, so that you can yank them into another playlist.

emms-mark is also intent to provide a way for user to select tracks for other command to operate on them. Currently, emms-tag-editor.el uses the emms-mark to edit the tags of selected tracks. Two functions are useful for the elisp programer to handle marked tracks.

Function: emms-mark-do-with-marked-track

This function take a function to perform on all marked tracks. A optional argument ‘move-flag’ to tell the function to move forward line after calling given function. If the given function didn’t change position, the second argument should set to non-nil.

Function: emms-mark-mapcar-marked-track

This function is very similar to ‘emms-mark-do-with-marked-track’ except it collects result of given function (that’s why named with ‘mapcar’).

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16 Extending Emms

Emms introduces a high abstraction layer for playing music so you can customise it to your needs.

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16.1 New Player

The file emms-player-simple.el defines some easy players to start with, but it shouldn’t be hard to provide a function for your favourite player. We will start with an easy example that shows how we can use the play command under Unix to play our WAV files.

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16.2 Simple Player for ‘play’

Play is a very easy command line player for various format. If you want your emms to play WAV files just put the following lines in you .emacs:

(require 'emms-player-simple)
(define-emms-simple-player play '(file) "\\.wav$" "play")

Huh! Wasn’t that easy?

The macro function define-emms-simple-player takes a minimum of three arguments. The first argument (play in our example) defines the name of the player. It’s used to name the player functions. The second is a regexp, that defines which files to play with our player. \\.wav$ matches any filename ending with a dot and the string wav. The last argument is the actual command line command we use to play our files. You can also add the path but we just assume that the command is in your path. All arguments you add to these three are optional. They define the command line arguments you want to add to your argument. If you want to hear the wav file of your favourite artist in the most possible volume use the following line:

(require 'emms-player-simple)

(define-emms-simple-player play

Please notice that you have to add the arguments as strings!

The command line tool you use for define-emms-simple-player has to take one song as argument and stop after playing that particular song. For any other concept you will need to customise emms a bit more...

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16.3 More Complex Player

The most players you use will be simple players so you don’t need to read this chapter. But if you are curious how you can use (almost) every player in emms read further...

In this chapter we will use mpg321 to construct a player that actually can pause a track, restart it and show rest time. We won’t implement all of that, but after that chapter you will know how to define it.

The command define-emms-simple-player is just a abstraction layer for define-emms-player, which is a little bit more complicated but much more powerful!

(define-emms-player "emms-mpg321-remote"
  :start 'emms-mpg321-remote-start
  :stop 'emms-mpg321-remote-stop
  :playablep 'emms-mpg321-remote-playable-p)

So, that is almost all! define-emms-player takes a minimum of three arguments. The first is the name of the player. The rest are methods with functions to call. Three methods are required: start, stop and playable. Start says Emms how to start a track (sic!), stop how to stop a player and playablep should return non-nil if the player can play the track.

So we just need these three functions to get our mpg321-remote:

First we code the start function. We will check if there’s a open process and start one otherwise. Then we send a string to the process with the filename and set a filter.

(defun emms-mpg321-remote-start ()
  (unless (get-process ``mpg321-remote'')
    (setq emms-mpg321-remote-process
          (start-process "mpg321-remote-process"
                         "*mpg321*" "mpg321" "-R" "abc"))
  (process-send-string "mpg321-remote-process"
                       (concat "l " (emms-track-name track)))
  (set-process-filter emms-mpg321-remote-process 'emms-mpg321-remote-filter)))

We need the filter, as mpg321-remote won’t quit after playing the track as the simple player do. We wait until the process sends the output “(at-sign)P 0” (the signal of mpg321 that the song ended) to the filter and call emms-mpg321-remote-stop.

(defun emms-mpg321-remote-filter (process output)
  (when (string-match "(at-sign)P 0" output)

emms-mpg321-remote-stop won’t do anything interesting. It just test if there are other files to play and close the process otherwise.

(defun emms-mpg321-remote-stop ()
  (unless emms-playlist
    (process-send-string "mpg321-remote-process" "Q\n"))

And to make that a playable example I also added emms-mpg321-remote-playablep, which I really just steal from emms-player-simple.el

(defun emms-mpg321-remote-playablep (track)
       "Return non-nil when we can play this track."
       (and (emms-track-file-p track)

Now we have a ready player and we could add commands like emms-mpg321-remote-pause for example.

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17 The Browser

The Browser allows you to browse the metadata cache and add tracks to your playlist. It includes a powerful interactive mode.

The Browser is defined in emms-browser.el and is included in the emms-all setup level. For more information about Emms setup levels see See Setup.

You can also manually add the Browser to your Emms setup by loading it explicitly with:

(require 'emms-browser)

To be properly useful, you should do M-x emms-add-directory-tree to all the files you own at least once so that the cache is fully populated.

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17.1 Browser Interface

The browser interface allows you to display and interact with your tracks in many different ways. There are a number of ways to start the browser.

Function: emms-smart-browse

Display browser and playlist. Toggle between selecting browser, playlist or hiding both. Tries to behave sanely if the user has manually changed the window configuration.

Function: emms-browse-by-artist

Display the browser and order the tracks by artist.

Function: emms-browse-by-album

Display the browser and order the tracks by album.

Function: emms-browse-by-genre

Display the browser and order the tracks by genre.

Function: emms-browse-by-year

Display the browser and order the tracks by year.

Once the Browser is displayed you can use it to managed your track collection and playlists. The Browser is interactive and has its own keybindings.


Add all tracks at point, and play the first added track.


Add all tracks at point.


Show or hide (kill) subitems under the current line.


Collapse everything.


Expand all top level items one level.


Expand all top level items two levels.


Expand all top level items three levels.


Clear the playlist.


Expand everything.


View the current directory in dired.


Bury the browser buffer.


Jump to a random track.


Isearch through the buffer.


Redisplay with the previous filter.


Redisplay with the next filter.


See the Emacs documentation for the function.


Undo the previous playlist action.


Add all tracks at point, and play the first added track.


Jump to the previous non-track element.


Jump to the next non-track element.

s A

Search the collection by album.

s a

Search the collection by artist.

s s

Search the collection by names.

s t

Search the collection by title.

b 1

Browse the collection by artist.

b 2

Browse the collection by album.

b 3

Browse the collection by genre.

b 4

Browse the collection by year.

W a p

Lookup the album using Pitchfork.

W a w

Lookup the album using Wikipedia.

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17.2 Filtering Tracks

If you want to display a subset of your collection (such as a directory of 80s music, only avi files, etc.) then you can extend the Browser by defining “filters”.

Show everything:

(emms-browser-make-filter "all" 'ignore)

Set "all" as the default filter:

(emms-browser-set-filter (assoc "all" emms-browser-filters))

Show all files (no streamlists, etc):

 "all-files" (emms-browser-filter-only-type 'file))

Show only tracks in one folder:

 "80s" (emms-browser-filter-only-dir "~/Mp3s/80s"))

Show all tracks played in the last month:

 "last-month" (emms-browser-filter-only-recent 30))

After executing the above commands, you can use M-x emms-browser-show-all, emms-browser-show-80s, etc to toggle between different collections. Alternatively you can use ’<’ and ’>’ to cycle through the available filters.

The second argument to make-filter is a function which returns t if a single track should be filtered. You can write your own filter functions to check the type of a file, etc.

Show only tracks not played in the last year:

(emms-browser-make-filter "not-played"
 (lambda (track)
  (not (funcall (emms-browser-filter-only-recent 365) track))))

Show all files that are not in the pending directory:

 (lambda (track)
    (funcall (emms-browser-filter-only-type 'file) track)
    (not (funcall
          (emms-browser-filter-only-dir "~/Media/pending") track)))))

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17.3 Displaying Covers

The browser will attempt to display cover images if they’re available.

Customize emms-browser-covers to configure how EMMS should retrieve the covers.

By default it looks for images cover_small.jpg, cover_med.jpg, etc. Note that you’ll probably want to resize your existing covers to particular sizes. Suggested sizes are 100x100 for small, and 200x200 for medium.

The above behaviour demands manual processing on behalf of the user. Instead, you might prefer to automate the process by setting emms-browser-covers to ’emms-browser-cache-thumbnail’: covers matching ’emms-browser-thumbnail-filter’ will be automatically resized if necessary and cached to emms-browser-thumbnail-directory. The cache gets automatically updated upon change in the source folder.

Customize emms-browser-covers-file-extensions to include or exclude specific extensions.

’emms-browser-cache-thumbnail’ might be everytime a cover is queried, so to help with performance you can also set emms-browser-covers to ’emms-browser-cache-thumbnail-async’. The latter is like the former except that it caches queries: every subsequent query will be much faster. The drawback is that it won’t see changes made to covers after the first query. To force-refresh the thumbnail cache, you can run ’emms-browser-clear-cache-hash’.

Also, Emacs by default will jump around a lot when scrolling a buffer with images. In order to prevent that, you can set scroll-up-aggressively and scroll-down-aggressively to the number “0.0”.

To show a ’no cover’ image for albums which don’t have a cover, add the following code to your .emacs:

(setq emms-browser-default-covers
  (list "/path/to/cover_small.jpg" nil nil)

The medium and large images can be set as well.

You can download an example ‘no cover’ image.

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17.4 Changing Looks

The Browser’s look can be customised. You can change the way the tree structure looks, the display format and display faces.

Changing Tree Structure

You can change the way the tree is displayed by modifying the function emms-browser-next-mapping-type.

The following code displays artist->track instead of artist->album->track when you switch to the ’singles’ filter:

(defadvice emms-browser-next-mapping-type
                                (after no-album (current-mapping))
  (when (eq ad-return-value 'info-album)
    (setq ad-return-value 'info-title)))
(defun toggle-album-display ()
  (if (string= emms-browser-current-filter-name "singles")
      (ad-activate 'emms-browser-next-mapping-type)
    (ad-deactivate 'emms-browser-next-mapping-type)))

(add-hook 'emms-browser-filter-changed-hook 'toggle-album-display)

Furthermore, you can customize emms-browser-get-track-field-function to choose which the metadata fields used for the different tree nodes ('info-artist, info-year, etc.). For instance, you can choose whether to organize the tree by artist, album artist or performer.

Changing Display Format

Format strings govern the way items are displayed in the browser and playlist. You can customize these if you wish.

emms-browser-default-format controls the format to use when no other format has been explicitly defined. By default, only track and albums deviate from the default.

To customise the format of a particular type, find the name of the field you want to use (eg ‘info-artist’, ‘info-title’, etc), and insert that into emms-browser-<type>-format or emms-browser-playlist-<type>-format. For example, if you wanted to remove track numbers from tracks in both the browser and playlist, you could do:

(defvar emms-browser-info-title-format "%i%n")
(defvar emms-browser-playlist-info-title-format

The format specifiers available include:

Note that if you use track-related items like %t, it will take the data from the first track.

Changing Display Faces

The faces used to display the various fields are also customizable. They are in the format emms-browser-<type>-face, where type is one of "year/genre", "artist", "album" or "track". Note that faces lack the initial "info-" part. For example, to change the artist face, type M-x customize-face emms-browser-artist-face.

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18 Sorting Playlists

The ‘emms-playlist-sort’ module, defined in the emms-playlist-sort.el package provides functions for sorting Emms playlists, as well as keyboard shortcuts for invoking the functions in the playlist buffer. Most of the functions will sort in reverse order if the command is preceded by a prefix. ‘emms-playlist-sort’ can be loaded by invoking:

(require 'emms-playlist-sort)
Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-artist

Sort by artist name.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-play-count

Sort by number of times the track has been played.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-album

Sort by album name.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-last-played

Sort by time the track was played last.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-title

Sort by track title.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-file-extension

Sort by filename extension.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-performer

Sort by performer name.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-year

Sort by year.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-note

Sort by track notes.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-info-composer

Sort by composer.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-name

Sort by track name.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-file-mtime

Sort by file mtime.

Function: emms-playlist-sort-by-random

Sort randomly. Alias for ‘emms-shuffle’.

Function: emms-playlist-shuffle

Alias for ‘emms-playlist-sort-by-random’ and ‘emms-shuffle’.

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19 Persistent Playlists

The Emms module emms-history.el makes playlists persistent over emacs sessions. To make use of this feature put this into your ~/.emacs.

(require 'emms-history)

When you kill emacs all playlists will be saved in the file given by the variable:

User Option: emms-history-file

The file to save playlists in. It defaults to "~/.emacs.d/emms-history".

After you started up emacs again, you can restore all saved playlists with this function.

Function: emms-history-load

Restore all playlists in ‘emms-history-file’.

If that should be done automatically on each startup, put these lines into your ~/.emacs.

(require 'emms-history)

Normally emms-history only restores playlists. If you want it to start playback afterwards, you can tweak this variable.

User Option: emms-history-start-playing

If non-nil emms starts playing the current track after ‘emms-history-load’ was invoked. The default value is nil.

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20 Editing Tracks

Using emms-tag-editor.el, emms can set tag informations of tracks and write them back to the file with the help of external programs, such as ‘mid3v2’ and ‘vorbiscomment’.

Use the keybinding E to edit the tags of track under point in the playlist or all marked tracks (see Markable Playlists for how to mark tracks). The track’s tag informations are listed in a special buffer ‘*Emms-TAGS*’ in text format. Field names are marked in bold face and are not editable. Any tag information is placed behind an equal sign and is changable. A special field ‘name’ is the track’s file name. If any change is made in this field, the track’s file will be renamed to the new name. When you finished editing the tag infos use C-c C-c (which calls emms-tag-editor-submit-and-exit) to submit the changes and close the ‘*Emms-TAGS*’ buffer.

There are a few commands to perform changes on all tracks.

Function: emms-tag-editor-set-all tag value

Set TAG to VALUE in all tracks.

If transient-mark-mode is turned on, you can apply the command to a selected region.

If ‘transient-mark-mode’ is on and the mark is active, the changes will only take effect on the tracks in the region.

Function: emms-tag-editor-replace-in-tag tag from to

Query and replace text in selected TAG.

For example, if the info-title tag is selected, then only perform replacement in title tags.

If ‘transient-mark-mode’ is on and the mark is active, the changes will only take effect on the tracks in the region.

Function: emms-tag-editor-transpose-tag tag1 tag2

Transpose value of TAG1 and TAG2.

If ‘transient-mark-mode’ is on and the mark is active, the changes will only take effect on the tracks in the region.

Function: emms-tag-editor-submit arg

Make modified tags take affect.

With prefix argument, bury the tag edit buffer.

If you want to extend the tag editor to work with file formats other than ‘mp3’ and ‘ogg’, have a look at these variables.

Variable: emms-tag-editor-formats

This variable determine how to insert track fields to ‘emms-tag-editor-edit-buffer’. Emms tag info editable fields is usually determined by the extension of track name. The variable ‘emms-tag-editor-tags’ contains all tags that emms track may have. A single charactar is assigned to the tag to make the ‘emms-tag-editor-formats’ easier to generate.

Variable: emms-tag-editor-tagfile-functions

To write tags to track file, an extern program should specified in this variable.

Renaming Files

The tag editor is also capable to rename the file of the track at point or all files of the marked tracks according to the value this variable.

User Option: emms-tag-editor-rename-format

When ‘emms-tag-editor-rename’ is invoked the track’s file will be renamed according this format specification. The file extension will be added automatically.

It uses the format specs defined in emms-tag-editor-tags.

The default value is "%a - %l - %n - %t", so that files are named

<Artist> - <Album> - <Tracknumber> - <Title>.<extension>

after renaming.

To perform the renaming put point on the track you want to rename or mark some tracks. Then hit R which calls this function:

Function: emms-tag-editor-rename

Rename the file corresponding to track at point or all marked tracks according to the value of emms-tag-editor-rename-format.

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21 Emms Mode Line

We can display information about the currenty playing track on the Emacs mode line using the package ‘emms-mode-line’ which is provided by the file emms-mode-line.el.

To activate this feature invoke:

(require 'emms-mode-line)
(emms-mode-line 1)

It is also possible to display the amount of time a track has been playing. This feature is defined in the ‘emms-playing-time’ package which is provided by the file emms-playing-time.el.

To use this feature invoke:

(require 'emms-playing-time)
(emms-playing-time 1)

A graphical icon can be displayed in the modeline when Emms is playing. This feature is provided by emms-mode-line-icon.el. To enable invoke the following and make sure that emms-mode-line-icon-enabled-p is set to a non-nil value:

(require emms-mode-line-icon)

Note: ‘(emms-playing-time -1)’ will disable emms-playing-time module completely, and is not recommended. (since some other emms modules may rely on it)

Instead, to toggle displaying playing time on mode line, one could call ‘emms-playing-time-enable-display’ and ‘emms-playing-time-disable-display’."

Function: emms-playing-time-enable-display

Display playing time on mode line.

Function: emms-playing-time-disable-display

Remove playing time from mode line.

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22 Limiting

The package ‘emms-playlist-limit’, provided by emms-playlist-limit.el, allows creating a new playlist derived from the playlist in the current buffer. For instance, it is possible to create a new playlist containing only a certain artist or genre from the playlist in the current buffer.

If the playlist in the current buffer is the emms current playlist then the derived playlist becomes current.

/ a

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose artist info field matches the given regular expression (default: the artist info field of the track at point).

/ b

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose album info field matches the given regular expression (default: the album info field of the track at point).

/ c

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose composer info field matches the given regular expression (default: the composer info field of the track at point).

/ d

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose track description matches the given regular expression (default: the track description of the track at point).

/ g

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose genre info field matches the given regular expression (default: the genre info field of the track at point).

/ n

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose name matches the given regular expression (default: the name of the track at point).

/ p

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose performer info field matches the given regular expression (default: the performer info field of the track at point).

/ t

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose title info field matches the given regular expression (default: the title info field of the track at point).

/ y

Create a new playlist buffer and populate it with tracks whose year info field matches the given regular expression (default: the year info field of the track at point).

/ /

Switch to the original playlist buffer (if it still exists).

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23 Music Player Daemon

Emms provides an interface to the Music Player Daemon(MusicPD) software. The package is called ‘emms-player-mpd’ and is provided by the file emms-player-mpd.el.

The advantages of using MusicPD as an Emms backend include the following.


To load ‘emms-player-mpd’ invoke:

(require 'emms-player-mpd)

Set the variables emms-player-mpd-server-name and emms-player-mpd-server-port to the location and port (respectively) of your MusicPD server. For example:

(setq emms-player-mpd-server-name "localhost")
(setq emms-player-mpd-server-port "6600")

If your MusicPD setup requires a password, you will to set emms-player-mpd-server-password as follows.

(setq emms-player-mpd-server-password "mypassword")

To get track information from MusicPD, invoke the following:

(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-mpd)

Adding ‘emms-player-mpd’ to your Emms player list is accomplished by invoking:

(add-to-list 'emms-player-list 'emms-player-mpd)

Unless your MusicPD is configured to use absolute file names, you must set the emms-player-mpd-music-directory variable to the value of ’music_directory’ in your MusicPD configuration. There are additional options available as well, but the defaults should be sufficient for most uses.

Once you’ve done the above, run the M-x emms-cache-set-from-mpd-all command to fill the Emms cache with the contents of your MusicPD database. The music in your MusicPD database should then be accessible via the Emms browser.

You can set emms-player-mpd-sync-playlist to nil if your master Emms playlist contains only stored playlists.

In order for Emms to synchronize track information correctly with MusicPD, you must set the MusicPD server runtime ’consume’ option to ’off’. This can be accomplished with the mpc command line MusicPD client using the command mpc consume off.

Commands provided

Function: emms-player-mpd-connect

Connect to MusicPD and retrieve its current playlist. Afterward, the status of MusicPD will be tracked.

Function: emms-player-mpd-disconnect

Terminate the MusicPD client process and disconnect from MusicPD.

Function: emms-player-mpd-show &optional insertp

Describe the current Emms track in the minibuffer. If INSERTP is non-nil, insert the description into the current buffer instead. This function uses emms-show-format to format the current track. It differs from emms-show in that it asks MusicPD for the current track, rather than Emms.

Updating the MusicPD database

Function: emms-player-mpd-update-directory dir

Cause the tracks in DIR to be updated in the MusicPD database.

Function: emms-player-mpd-update-all

Cause all tracks in the MusicPD music directory to be updated in the MusicPD database.

emms-cache.el integration

Function: emms-cache-set-from-mpd-directory dir

Dump all MusicPD data from DIR into the Emms cache. This is useful to do when you have recently acquired new music.

Function: emms-cache-set-from-mpd-all

Dump all MusicPD data into the Emms cache. This is useful to do once, just before using emms-browser.el, in order to prime the cache.

emms-volume.el integration

To activate this, add the following to your .emacs.

(require 'emms-volume)
(setq emms-volume-change-function 'emms-volume-mpd-change)

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24 Lyrics

We can display the lyrics of a song in time with the music using the ‘emms-lyrics’ package provided by the file emms-lyrics.el.

The lyrics files should have the extention “.lrc”, and can be placed under either the same directory as the music files or emms-lyrics-dir.

To add this feature we invoke:

(require 'emms-lyrics)
(emms-lyrics 1)

There are a number of variables we can set to define the way that ‘emms-lyrics’ behaves, we can set these directly or by using the Customize feature in Emacs.

User Option: emms-lyrics-display-on-minibuffer

If non-nil, display lyrics on minibuffer.

User Option: emms-lyrics-display-on-modeline

If non-nil, display lyrics on modeline.

User Option: emms-lyrics-dir

Local lyrics repository. emms-lyrics-find-lyric will look for lyrics in current directory(i.e., same as the music file) and this directory.

User Option: emms-lyrics-display-format

Format for displaying lyrics. "%s" will be replaced by the lyrics string.

User Option: emms-lyrics-coding-system

Coding system used in the output of lyrics.

User Option: emms-lyrics-scroll-p

Non-nil value will enable lyrics scrolling.

User Option: emms-lyrics-scroll-timer-interval

Interval between scroller timers. The shorter, the faster.

We can control ‘emms-lyrics’ with the help of the following functions:

Function: emms-lyrics-start

Start displaying lyrics.

Function: emms-lyrics-stop

Stop displaying lyrics.

Function: emms-lyrics-toggle-display-on-minibuffer

Toggle display lyrics on minibufer.

Function: emms-lyrics-toggle-display-on-modeline

Toggle display lyrics on mode line.

Function: emms-lyrics-enable

Enable displaying Emms lyrics.

Function: emms-lyrics-disable

Disable displaying Emms lyrics.

Function: emms-lyrics-toggle

Toggle displaying Emms lyrics.

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25 Volume

We can use the ‘emms-volume’ package, as provided by the emms-volume.el file, to manipulate the volume.

User Option: emms-volume-change-amount

The amount to use when raising or lowering the volume using the emms-volume interface.

This should be a positive integer.

Function: emms-volume-raise

Increase the volume.

Function: emms-volume-lower

Decrease the volume.

If you feel like binding those two functions to global keys — don’t do it or you’ll miss the convenience of ‘emms-volume-minor-mode’. Instead, bind the following two commands to some keys that you like.

Function: emms-volume-mode-plus

Raise volume and enable or extend the ‘emms-volume-minor-mode’ timeout.

Function: emms-volume-mode-minus

Lower volume and enable or extend the ‘emms-volume-minor-mode’ timeout.


(global-set-key (kbd "C-c +") 'emms-volume-mode-plus)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c -") 'emms-volume-mode-minus)

Whenever you use one of these keys or call these functions with M-x, Emms will be put into ‘emms-volume-minor-mode’ for a short period defined by ‘emms-volume-mode-timeout’.

User Option: emms-volume-mode-timeout

The timeout in amount of seconds used by ‘emms-volume-minor-mode’.

In this interval you can raise/lower the volume simply by pressing + or -, which will also reset the timer to its initial value. So instead of pressing C-c + six times to increase volume by six steps of emms-volume-change-amount, you would simply type C-c + + + + + +.

Emms can change volume with amixer, mpd, PulseAudio and mixerctl out of the box, see emms-volume-change-function.

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26 Streaming Audio

Emms is a great way to play streaming audio and internet radio. It is possible to add streaming playlists and URLs to any playlist, but Emms also comes with a built-in, eclectic list of streaming audio stations. 1

The emms-streams.el package provides the command emms-streams.

Invoking emms-streams will pull up an Emms playlist buffer and populate it with the built-in list of streaming audio sources.

If you are using the mpv player, defined by emms-player-mpv.el, then you can display the currently streaming track title (if the station provides that information) by configuring:

  (customize-set-variable 'emms-player-mpv-update-metadata t)

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27 APE / FLAC Commands

Often, a single APE or FLAC file contains a complete album. We can still play next or previous track in the album with the help of emms-cue.el package, provided there is a corresponding cue sheet file. This package also defines emms-info-cueinfo for retreiving the track information for APE / FLAC itself.

To load emms-cue.el:

(require 'emms-cue)
(add-to-list 'emms-info-functions 'emms-info-cueinfo)
Function: emms-cue-next

Play next track from .cue file

Function: emms-cue-previous

Play previous track from .cue file

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Emms can save a “temporal bookmark” in a media file via emms-bookmarks. The file emms-bookmarks.el provides the package emms-bookmarks.

While some media is playing, invoking M-x emms-bookmarks-add will first pause the playback and then prompt for a name describing the bookmark. Tracks can have multiple bookmarks associated with them.

To jump to the next and previous bookmarks in the current track invoke M-x emms-bookmarks-next and M-x emms-bookmarks-prev respectively.

To clear all of the bookmarks for the current track invoke M-x emms-bookmarks-clear.

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29 Managing Playlists

Emms can have multiple playlists, since a playlist is just another buffer with a list of tracks. You can manage multiple playlists using ‘emms-metaplaylist-mode’, provided by the file emms-metaplaylist-mode.

Start the playlist manager with M-x emms-metaplaylist-mode-go. The playlist manager will list the playlists and mark the current one. The following commands are available:


Make the buffer at point the Emms playlist buffer and switch to it.


Make the buffer at point the Emms playlist buffer (but do not switch to it).


Move point to the next playlist.


Move point to the previous playlist.


Update the playlist manager buffer.


Create a new Emms playlist buffer.


Kill the Emms playlist buffer at point.


Move point to the current playlist buffer.


Kill the playlist manager.

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GNU FM is free software for running music community websites. It was created for the music community site,

Emms can send track information, and stream music from GNU FM servers using emms-librefm-scrobbler.el and emms-librefm-stream.el, respectively.

Emms is configured by default to use, but can work with any GNU FM server by configuring the variable emms-librefm-scrobbler-handshake-url to the URL of the GNU FM server.

The recommended way of providing your credentials to the GNU FM server is by using an authinfo file. Add authentication to your auth-info file, typically ~/.authinfo.gpg, as:

machine login USERNAME password PASSWORD

If you are using some other server than, change “‘’” to match emms-librefm-scrobbler-handshake-url.

Alternatively, you can save the password in plaintext in your init-file by setting these variables:

(setq emms-librefm-scrobbler-username "USERNAME"
      emms-librefm-scrobbler-password "PASSWORD")

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30.1 Uploading Track Information

GNU FM servers, such as can optionally store a user’s listening habits using information sent to the website’s server from the Emms. By utilizing the records of users’ listening habits, the website aims to be able to recommend music to users by analyzing their musical taste.

Load the feature into Emms with:

(require 'emms-librefm-scrobbler)

This feature can also be enabled via See Setup, in the ‘emms-all’ setup level.

Enable uploading the details of the tracks Emms plays to the GNU FM server with emms-librefm-scrobbler-enable. The track’s details will be uploaded to the server when the track’s playback ends. You can disable this behavior with emms-librefm-scrobbler-disable.

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30.2 GNU FM Streaming

If the GNU FM server provides a streaming music service you can take advantage of it by loading:

(require 'emms-librefm-stream)

This feature can also be enabled via See Setup, in the ‘emms-all’ setup level.

Then invoke emms-librefm-stream and enter the URL of the station you wish to listen to, for example “librefm://globaltags/Classical”.

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31 Listenbrainz

Listenbrainz offers an alternative store of listening habits using information sent by the Emms.

To use this service, you will need to obtain a user token from You should store this token in ~/.authinfo.gpg or an equivalent file understood by auth-source with a line like this:

machine password 0abc1de2-245-67fa-8906b-bc123d4dbdaa

Alternatively, you can store the token in plain-text in your init file by setting the variable emms-listenbrainz-scrobbler-token:

(setq emms-listenbrainz-scrobbler-token "0abc1de2-245-67fa-8906b-bc123d4dbdaa")

Once this is done, you can load the feature with

(require 'emms-listenbrainz-scrobbler)

Enable uploading the details of the tracks Emms plays to the listenbrainz server with emms-listenbrainz-scrobbler-enable. The track’s details will be uploaded to the server when the track’s playback ends. You can disable this behavior with emms-listenbrainz-scrobbler-disable.

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32 D-Bus

Emms can provide an MPRIS interface which allows it to be controlled over D-Bus.

To enable this, first load the feature:

(require 'emms-mpris)

and then turn it on with emms-mpris-enable. You can turn it off with emms-mpris-disable.

At present, the Emms implementation of the MPRIS specification is not complete: changing the volume is not currently supported.

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GNU General Public License

Version 3, 29 June 2007
Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
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When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things.

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    All other non-permissive additional terms are considered “further restrictions” within the meaning of section 10. If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not survive such relicensing or conveying.

    If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant source files, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating where to find the applicable terms.

    Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way.

  9. Termination.

    You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third paragraph of section 11).

    However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after the cessation.

    Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the notice.

    Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same material under section 10.

  10. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.

    You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.

  11. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.

    Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensors, to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.

    An “entity transaction” is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the work the party’s predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.

    You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it.

  12. Patents.

    A “contributor” is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor’s “contributor version”.

    A contributor’s “essential patent claims” are all patent claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, “control” includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.

    Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor’s essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version.

    In the following three paragraphs, a “patent license” is any express agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To “grant” such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.

    If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a publicly available network server or other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to downstream recipients. “Knowingly relying” means you have actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient’s use of the covered work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that you have reason to believe are valid.

    If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on it.

    A patent license is “discriminatory” if it does not include within the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in connection with specific products or compilations that contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.

    Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.

  13. No Surrender of Others’ Freedom.

    If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.

  14. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.

  15. Revised Versions of this License.

    The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

    Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General Public License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

    If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy’s public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program.

    Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version.

  16. Disclaimer of Warranty.


  17. Limitation of Liability.


  18. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.

    If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.

How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the “copyright” line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.
Copyright (C) year name of author

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program.  If not, see

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

program Copyright (C) year name of author
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type ‘show w’.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type ‘show c’ for details.

The hypothetical commands ‘show w’ and ‘show c’ should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program’s commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an “about box”.

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a “copyright disclaimer” for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see

The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read

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33 GNU Free Documentation License

Version 1.2, November 2002
Copyright © 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

    The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document free in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

    This License is a kind of “copyleft”, which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software.

    We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.


    This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed under the terms of this License. Such a notice grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that work under the conditions stated herein. The “Document”, below, refers to any such manual or work. Any member of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as “you”. You accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law.

    A “Modified Version” of the Document means any work containing the Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with modifications and/or translated into another language.

    A “Secondary Section” is a named appendix or a front-matter section of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the publishers or authors of the Document to the Document’s overall subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly within that overall subject. (Thus, if the Document is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any mathematics.) The relationship could be a matter of historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding them.

    The “Invariant Sections” are certain Secondary Sections whose titles are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice that says that the Document is released under this License. If a section does not fit the above definition of Secondary then it is not allowed to be designated as Invariant. The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections. If the Document does not identify any Invariant Sections then there are none.

    The “Cover Texts” are certain short passages of text that are listed, as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that the Document is released under this License. A Front-Cover Text may be at most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may be at most 25 words.

    A “Transparent” copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy, represented in a format whose specification is available to the general public, that is suitable for revising the document straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text formatters or for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input to text formatters. A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of markup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent. An image format is not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text. A copy that is not “Transparent” is called “Opaque”.

    Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML or XML using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple HTML, PostScript or PDF designed for human modification. Examples of transparent image formats include PNG, XCF and JPG. Opaque formats include proprietary formats that can be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or processing tools are not generally available, and the machine-generated HTML, PostScript or PDF produced by some word processors for output purposes only.

    The “Title Page” means, for a printed book, the title page itself, plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material this License requires to appear in the title page. For works in formats which do not have any title page as such, “Title Page” means the text near the most prominent appearance of the work’s title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

    A section “Entitled XYZ” means a named subunit of the Document whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses following text that translates XYZ in another language. (Here XYZ stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as “Acknowledgements”, “Dedications”, “Endorsements”, or “History”.) To “Preserve the Title” of such a section when you modify the Document means that it remains a section “Entitled XYZ” according to this definition.

    The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which states that this License applies to the Document. These Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and has no effect on the meaning of this License.


    You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other conditions whatsoever to those of this License. You may not use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further copying of the copies you make or distribute. However, you may accept compensation in exchange for copies. If you distribute a large enough number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.

    You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and you may publicly display copies.


    If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly have printed covers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and the Document’s license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on the back cover. Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify you as the publisher of these copies. The front cover must present the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and visible. You may add other material on the covers in addition. Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in other respects.

    If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent pages.

    If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy a computer-network location from which the general network-using public has access to download using public-standard network protocols a complete Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material. If you use the latter option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to the public.

    It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.


    You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it. In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:

    1. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section of the Document). You may use the same title as a previous version if the original publisher of that version gives permission.
    2. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the Document (all of its principal authors, if it has fewer than five), unless they release you from this requirement.
    3. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the Modified Version, as the publisher.
    4. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
    5. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications adjacent to the other copyright notices.
    6. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.
    7. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document’s license notice.
    8. Include an unaltered copy of this License.
    9. Preserve the section Entitled “History”, Preserve its Title, and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. If there is no section Entitled “History” in the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous sentence.
    10. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise the network locations given in the Document for previous versions it was based on. These may be placed in the “History” section. You may omit a network location for a work that was published at least four years before the Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.
    11. For any section Entitled “Acknowledgements” or “Dedications”, Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the section all the substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements and/or dedications given therein.
    12. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.
    13. Delete any section Entitled “Endorsements”. Such a section may not be included in the Modified Version.
    14. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled “Endorsements” or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.
    15. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

    If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version’s license notice. These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.

    You may add a section Entitled “Endorsements”, provided it contains nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various parties—for example, statements of peer review or that the text has been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a standard.

    You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version. Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or through arrangements made by) any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

    The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.


    You may combine the Document with other documents released under this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers.

    The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number. Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.

    In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled “History” in the various original documents, forming one section Entitled “History”; likewise combine any sections Entitled “Acknowledgements”, and any sections Entitled “Dedications”. You must delete all sections Entitled “Endorsements.”


    You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.

    You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.


    A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an “aggregate” if the copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the legal rights of the compilation’s users beyond what the individual works permit. When the Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

    If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Document’s Cover Texts may be placed on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form. Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.


    Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers. In case of a disagreement between the translation and the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail.

    If a section in the Document is Entitled “Acknowledgements”, “Dedications”, or “History”, the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual title.


    You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided for under this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.


    The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See

    Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.

33.1 ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:

  Copyright (C)  year  your name.
  Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
  under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
  or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
  with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
  Texts.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU
  Free Documentation License''.

If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts, replace the “with...Texts.” line with this:

    with the Invariant Sections being list their titles, with
    the Front-Cover Texts being list, and with the Back-Cover Texts
    being list.

If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

Concept Index

Jump to:   A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W  
Index Entry  Section

adding functionality: Hooks
advanced player: More Complex Player

basic commands: Basic Commands
basic functions: Core Functions
basic player: Simple Player for `play'

commands, basic: Basic Commands
compiling: Compiling Emms
complex player: More Complex Player
Configuration: Configuration
configuration: Setup Examples
core file: The Core File
core functions: Core Functions

D-Bus: D-Bus
defining info methods: Defining Info Methods
defining new players: New Player
defining players: Extending Emms
display emms information: Emms Mode Line

example: Setup Examples

FDL, GNU Free Documentation License: The GNU FDL
files: Finding files and speed
format: Formats and Freedom
freedom: Formats and Freedom


heart of Emms: The Core File
hooks: Hooks

info tags: Track Information
installation: Installation
Interactive Playlists: Interactive Playlists
internet radio: Streaming Audio
introduction: Introduction

limiting: Limiting
Listenbrainz: Listenbrainz
lyrics: Lyrics

mailing list: Getting Help
Markable Playlists: Markable Playlists
mode line: Emms Mode Line
mpd: Music Player Daemon
music player daemon: Music Player Daemon

new player: New Player
new players: Extending Emms
new players, defining: Extending Emms

options: User Variables
organizing tracks and media: Playlists

players, simple: Simple Players
playlist: Limiting
primitive functions: The Core File
primitive player: Simple Player for `play'

quick setup: Setup

remote interface: Music Player Daemon

setting up Emms: Setup
setup: Setup
simple player: Simple Player for `play'
sort: Sorting Playlists
Sources: Sources
speed: Finding files and speed
streaming audio: Streaming Audio

track editor: Editing Tracks
track information: Track Information
track order: Sorting Playlists

user variables: User Variables

volume: Volume

website: Getting Help

Jump to:   A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W  

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

Function Index

Jump to:   B   D   E   K   N   P   S  
Index Entry  Section

bury-buffer: Interactive Playlists

define-emms-simple-player: Simple Players
describe-mode: Interactive Playlists
describe-mode: Browser Interface

emms-add-directory: Basic Commands
emms-add-directory-tree: Basic Commands
emms-add-dired: Sources
emms-add-file: Basic Commands
emms-add-find: Basic Commands
emms-add-playlist: Basic Commands
emms-add-url: Basic Commands
emms-all: Setup
emms-browse-by-album: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-album: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-artist: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-artist: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-genre: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-genre: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-year: Browser Interface
emms-browse-by-year: Browser Interface
emms-browser-add-tracks: Browser Interface
emms-browser-add-tracks-and-play: Browser Interface
emms-browser-add-tracks-and-play: Browser Interface
emms-browser-bury-buffer: Browser Interface
emms-browser-clear-playlist: Browser Interface
emms-browser-collapse-all: Browser Interface
emms-browser-expand-all: Browser Interface
emms-browser-expand-to-level-2: Browser Interface
emms-browser-expand-to-level-3: Browser Interface
emms-browser-expand-to-level-4: Browser Interface
emms-browser-goto-random: Browser Interface
emms-browser-lookup-album-on-pitchfork: Browser Interface
emms-browser-lookup-album-on-wikipedia: Browser Interface
emms-browser-next-filter: Browser Interface
emms-browser-next-non-track: Browser Interface
emms-browser-prev-non-track: Browser Interface
emms-browser-previous-filter: Browser Interface
emms-browser-search-by-album: Browser Interface
emms-browser-search-by-artist: Browser Interface
emms-browser-search-by-names: Browser Interface
emms-browser-search-by-title: Browser Interface
emms-browser-toggle-subitems: Browser Interface
emms-browser-view-in-dired: Browser Interface
emms-cache-set-from-mpd-all: Music Player Daemon
emms-cache-set-from-mpd-directory: Music Player Daemon
emms-cue-next: APE / FLAC Commands
emms-cue-previous: APE / FLAC Commands
emms-default-players: Setup
emms-history-load: Persistent Playlists
emms-isearch-buffer: Browser Interface
emms-locate: Sources
emms-lyrics-disable: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-enable: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-start: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-stop: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-toggle: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-toggle-display-on-minibuffer: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-toggle-display-on-modeline: Lyrics
emms-mark-copy-marked-tracks: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-delete-marked-tracks: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-do-with-marked-track: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-forward: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-kill-marked-tracks: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-mapcar-marked-track: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-regexp: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-toggle: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-unmark-all: Markable Playlists
emms-mark-unmark-forward: Markable Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-center-current: Managing Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-goto-current: Managing Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-kill-buffer: Managing Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-new-buffer: Managing Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-set-active: Managing Playlists
emms-metaplaylist-mode-update: Managing Playlists
emms-minimalistic: Setup
emms-next: Basic Commands
emms-next: Interactive Playlists
emms-next: Interactive Playlists
emms-next-noerror: Core Functions
emms-pause: Interactive Playlists
emms-play-directory: Basic Commands
emms-play-directory-tree: Basic Commands
emms-play-dired: Sources
emms-play-file: Basic Commands
emms-play-find: Basic Commands
emms-play-find: Sources
emms-play-playlist: Basic Commands
emms-play-url: Basic Commands
emms-player-for: Core Functions
emms-player-mpd-connect: Music Player Daemon
emms-player-mpd-disconnect: Music Player Daemon
emms-player-mpd-show: Music Player Daemon
emms-player-mpd-update-all: Music Player Daemon
emms-player-mpd-update-directory: Music Player Daemon
emms-player-simple-sentinel: Simple Players
emms-player-simple-start: Simple Players
emms-player-simple-stop: Simple Players
emms-player-start: Core Functions
emms-player-stop: Core Functions
emms-player-stopped: Core Functions
emms-playing-time-disable-display: Emms Mode Line
emms-playing-time-enable-display: Emms Mode Line
emms-playlist-current-selected-track: Core Functions
emms-playlist-limit-to-all: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-description: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-album: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-artist: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-composer: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-genre: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-performer: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-title: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-info-year: Limiting
emms-playlist-limit-to-name: Limiting
emms-playlist-mode-add-contents: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-center-current: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-first: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-go: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-insert-newline: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-kill-track: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-last: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-next: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-play-current-track: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-previous: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-shift-track-down: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-shift-track-up: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-undo: Browser Interface
emms-playlist-mode-yank: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-mode-yank-pop: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-new: Playlists
emms-playlist-next: Core Functions
emms-playlist-previous: Core Functions
emms-playlist-save: Playlists
emms-playlist-save: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-set-playlist-buffer: Interactive Playlists
emms-playlist-shuffle: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-file-extension: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-file-mtime: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-album: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-artist: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-composer: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-note: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-performer: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-title: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-info-year: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-last-played: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-name: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-play-count: Sorting Playlists
emms-playlist-sort-by-random: Sorting Playlists
emms-previous: Basic Commands
emms-random: Core Functions
emms-random: Interactive Playlists
emms-seek: Core Functions
emms-seek-backward: Core Functions
emms-seek-backward: Interactive Playlists
emms-seek-forward: Core Functions
emms-seek-forward: Interactive Playlists
emms-seek-to: Core Functions
emms-show: Basic Commands
emms-show: Interactive Playlists
emms-shuffle: Basic Commands
emms-smart-browse: Browser Interface
emms-sort: Basic Commands
emms-source-beets: Sources
emms-source-directory: Sources
emms-source-directory-tree: Sources
emms-source-file: Sources
emms-source-file-directory-tree: Sources
emms-source-file-regex: Sources
emms-source-files: Sources
emms-source-find: Sources
emms-source-playlist: Sources
emms-source-playlist-m3u: Sources
emms-source-playlist-native: Sources
emms-source-playlist-pls: Sources
emms-start: Basic Commands
emms-stop: Basic Commands
emms-stop: Interactive Playlists
emms-tag-editor-rename: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-replace-in-tag: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-set-all: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-submit: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-transpose-tag: Editing Tracks
emms-toggle-random-playlist: Core Functions
emms-toggle-repeat-playlist: Core Functions
emms-toggle-repeat-track: Core Functions
emms-track: Core Functions
emms-track-description: Core Functions
emms-track-get: Core Functions
emms-track-name: Core Functions
emms-track-set: Core Functions
emms-track-type: Core Functions
emms-volume-lower: Volume
emms-volume-mode-minus: Volume
emms-volume-mode-plus: Volume
emms-volume-raise: Volume

kill-this-buffer: Managing Playlists

next-line: Managing Playlists

previous-line: Managing Playlists

scroll-up: Interactive Playlists

Jump to:   B   D   E   K   N   P   S  

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

Variable Index

Jump to:   E  
Index Entry  Section

emms-history-file: Persistent Playlists
emms-history-start-playing: Persistent Playlists
emms-info-asynchronously: Track Information
emms-info-auto-update: Track Information
emms-info-functions: Track Information
emms-lyrics-coding-system: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-dir: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-display-format: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-display-on-minibuffer: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-display-on-modeline: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-scroll-p: Lyrics
emms-lyrics-scroll-timer-interval: Lyrics
emms-player-finished-hook: Hooks
emms-player-list: User Variables
emms-player-paused-hook: Hooks
emms-player-started-hook: Hooks
emms-player-stopped-hook: Hooks
emms-playlist-cleared-hook: Hooks
emms-playlist-selection-changed-hook: Hooks
emms-playlist-source-inserted-hook: Hooks
emms-repeat-playlist: User Variables
emms-show-format: User Variables
emms-sort-lessp-function: User Variables
emms-source-file-default-directory: Sources
emms-tag-editor-formats: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-rename-format: Editing Tracks
emms-tag-editor-tagfile-functions: Editing Tracks
emms-track-description-function: User Variables
emms-volume-change-amount: Volume
emms-volume-mode-timeout: Volume

Jump to:   E  

Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

Keybinding Index

Jump to:   /   1   2   3   4   <   >   ?  
B   C   D   E   G   N   P   Q   R   S   W  
Index Entry  Section

/ (emms-browser): Browser Interface
/ /: Limiting
/ a: Limiting
/ b: Limiting
/ c: Limiting
/ d: Limiting
/ g: Limiting
/ n: Limiting
/ p: Limiting
/ t: Limiting
/ y: Limiting

1 (emms-browser): Browser Interface

2 (emms-browser): Browser Interface

3 (emms-browser): Browser Interface

4 (emms-browser): Browser Interface

< (emms-browser): Browser Interface
<backtab> (emms-browser): Browser Interface
<C-return> (emms-browser): Browser Interface
<tab> (emms-browser): Browser Interface

> (emms-browser): Browser Interface

? (emms-browser): Browser Interface

b 1 (emms-browser): Browser Interface
b 2 (emms-browser): Browser Interface
b 3 (emms-browser): Browser Interface
b 4 (emms-browser): Browser Interface

C: Managing Playlists
c: Managing Playlists
C (emms-browser): Browser Interface
C-/ (emms-browser): Browser Interface
C-j (emms-browser): Browser Interface
C-k: Managing Playlists

d (emms-browser): Browser Interface

E (emms-browser): Browser Interface

g: Managing Playlists

n: Managing Playlists

p: Managing Playlists

q: Managing Playlists
q (emms-browser): Browser Interface

r (emms-browser): Browser Interface
RET: Managing Playlists
RET (emms-browser): Browser Interface

s A (emms-browser): Browser Interface
s a (emms-browser): Browser Interface
s s (emms-browser): Browser Interface
s t (emms-browser): Browser Interface
SPC: Managing Playlists
SPC (emms-browser): Browser Interface

W a p (emms-browser): Browser Interface
W a w (emms-browser): Browser Interface

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B   C   D   E   G   N   P   Q   R   S   W  



Emms has no affiliation of any kind with the streaming audio stations included, nor is their inclusion an endorsement of these stations. Instead, this is a collection of stations submitted to the project over the years by people who enjoy Emms. We hope you will enjoy them too, and invite you to send in your suggestions to add to the list.