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17.7.11 Extension Time Functions

CAUTION: As gawk version 5.1.0, this extension is considered to be obsolete. It is replaced by the timex extension in gawkextlib (see The gawkextlib Project).

For version 5.1, no warning will be issued if this extension is used. For the next major release, a warning will be issued. In the release after that this extension will be removed from the distribution.

The time extension adds two functions, named gettimeofday() and sleep(), as follows:

@load "time"

This is how you load the extension.

the_time = gettimeofday()

Return the time in seconds that has elapsed since 1970-01-01 UTC as a floating-point value. If the time is unavailable on this platform, return -1 and set ERRNO. The returned time should have sub-second precision, but the actual precision may vary based on the platform. If the standard C gettimeofday() system call is available on this platform, then it simply returns the value. Otherwise, if on MS-Windows, it tries to use GetSystemTimeAsFileTime().

result = sleep(seconds)

Attempt to sleep for seconds seconds. If seconds is negative, or the attempt to sleep fails, return -1 and set ERRNO. Otherwise, return zero after sleeping for the indicated amount of time. Note that seconds may be a floating-point (nonintegral) value. Implementation details: depending on platform availability, this function tries to use nanosleep() or select() to implement the delay.