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10.3.5 Treating Assignments as File names

Occasionally, you might not want awk to process command-line variable assignments (see Assigning Variables on the Command Line). In particular, if you have a file name that contains an ‘=’ character, awk treats the file name as an assignment and does not process it.

Some users have suggested an additional command-line option for gawk to disable command-line assignments. However, some simple programming with a library file does the trick:

# noassign.awk --- library file to avoid the need for a
# special option that disables command-line assignments

function disable_assigns(argc, argv,    i)
    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
        if (argv[i] ~ /^[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]*=.*/)
            argv[i] = ("./" argv[i])

    if (No_command_assign)
        disable_assigns(ARGC, ARGV)

You then run your program this way:

awk -v No_command_assign=1 -f noassign.awk -f yourprog.awk *

The function works by looping through the arguments. It prepends ‘./’ to any argument that matches the form of a variable assignment, turning that argument into a file name.

The use of No_command_assign allows you to disable command-line assignments at invocation time, by giving the variable a true value. When not set, it is initially zero (i.e., false), so the command-line arguments are left alone.