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8 | {+</a>&nbsp;/+} <a [-href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples
| of proprietary malware</a>-]
| {+href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Malware</a>&nbsp;/ By
| product&nbsp;/+} 
</a>&nbsp;/ <a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Malware</a>&nbsp;/ By product&nbsp;/ 
<a href="/proprietary/">Weitere Beispiele proprietärer Schadsoftware</a> 
10 | Nonfree (proprietary) software is very often malware (designed to mistreat
| the user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers, which puts
| them in a position of power over the users; <a
| href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is the
| basic injustice</a>. The developers {+and manufacturers+} often exercise
| that power to the detriment of the users they ought to serve. 
Nonfree (proprietary) software is very often malware (designed to mistreat the user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers, which puts them in a position of power over the users; <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is the basic injustice</a>. The developers and manufacturers often exercise that power to the detriment of the users they ought to serve. 
Unfreie (proprietäre) Software entspricht sehr häufig einem Schadprogramm (entworfen, um <ins>unerwünschte und gegebenenfalls schädliche Funktionen auszuführen,</ins> den Benutzer also schlecht behandeln). Unfreie Software wird von den Entwicklern kontrolliert, welches sie in eine Position der Macht gegenüber den Nutzern versetzt. <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important">Das ist die grundlegende Ungerechtigkeit!</a> Häufig üben Entwickler diese Macht zum Schaden der Benutzer aus, denen sie eigentlich dienen sollte. 
12  
Among the numerous malicious functionalities that are found in games, <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-addictions.html#addictiveness"> addictiveness</a> may be the worst, because it doesn't only affect users materially, but also psychologically. 
 
14  
Microsoft is imposing its surveillance on the game of Minecraft by <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2020/10/22/21527647/minecraft-microsoft-account-mojang-java">requiring every player to open an account on Microsoft's network</a>. Microsoft has bought the game and will merge all accounts into its network, which will give them access to people's data. 
 
15  
Minecraft players <a href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Minetest">can play Minetest</a> instead. The essential advantage of Minetest is that it is free software, meaning it respects the user's computer freedom. As a bonus, it offers more options. 
 
16  
The addictive Genshin Impact relentlessly <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/games/2020/oct/22/genshin-impact-video-game-slowly-taking-over-the-world">coerces players to spend money by overwhelming the game play with loot boxes</a>. 
 
17  
As of 2019-2020, Minecraft players are <a href="https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/article/java-edition-moving-house">being forced to move to Microsoft servers</a>, which results in privacy violation. Microsoft publishes a program so users can run their own server, but the program is proprietary and it's another <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">injustice to users</a>. 
 
18  
People can play <a href="https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Minetest">Minetest</a> instead. Minetest is free software and respects the user's computer freedom. 
 
19  
Riot Games' new anti-cheat is malware; <a href="https://www.extremetech.com/gaming/309320-riot-games-new-anti-cheat-system-runs-at-system-boot-uses-kernel-driver">runs on system boot at kernel level</a> on Windows. It is insecure software that increases the attack surface of the operating system. 
 
20  
Roblox (among many other games) created anti-features which sucker children into <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/money/2020/mar/11/my-kids-spent-600-on-their-ipads-without-my-knowledge"> utilizing third-party payment services without authorization.</a> 
 
21  
Microsoft recorded users of Xboxes and had <a href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/43kv4q/microsoft-human-contractors-listened-to-xbox-owners-homes-kinect-cortana"> human workers listen to the recordings</a>. 
 
23  
Resourceful children figured out how to <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-48908766"> empty their parents' bank account</a> buying packs of special players for an Electronic Arts soccer game. 
 
24  
The random element of these packs (also called &ldquo;loot boxes&rdquo;) makes the game <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-addictions#addictiveness"> strongly addictive</a>, but the fact that players are pressured to spend more in order to get ahead of their competitors further qualifies it as <em>predatory</em>. Note that Belgium <a href="https://www.rockpapershotgun.com/2019/01/29/fifa-ultimate-team-packs-blocked-in-belgium/"> made these loot boxes illegal</a> in 2018. 
 
26  
Clash of Clans is a good example of a gratis mobile game that its developers <a href="https://gamerant.com/clash-of-clans-addiction/"> made very addictive</a> for a large proportion of its users&mdash;and turned into a cash machine for themselves&mdash;by using <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-addictions.html#addictiveness"> psychological manipulation techniques</a>. 
 
28  
A nonfree video game, available through the nonfree Steam client, <a href="https://www.extremetech.com/gaming/274552-great-now-games-are-hijacking-systems-with-"> included a &ldquo;miner&rdquo;</a>, i.e. an executable that hijacks the CPU in users' computers to mine a cryptocurrency. 
 
29  
The game Metal Gear Rising for MacOS was tethered to a server. The company <a href="http://www.gamerevolution.com/news/400087-metal-gear-rising-mac-unplayable-drm"> shut down the server, and all copies stopped working</a>. 
Die für die Mac-Portierung des Spiels <b>Metal Gear Rising</b> zuständige Firma hat den für den Startvorgang benötigten <a href="https://www.gamerevolution.com/news/400087-metal-gear-rising-mac-unplayable-drm" hreflang="en">DRM-Server [für den Kopierschutz] abgeschaltet</a> und alle lässt sich nicht mehr spielen. 
30  
Red Shell is a spyware that is found in many proprietary games. It <a href="https://nebulous.cloud/threads/red-shell-illegal-spyware-for-steam-games.31924/"> tracks data on users' computers and sends it to third parties</a>. 
 
32  
Learn how <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170319013045/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-farrell/the-fascinating-psycholog_b_6076502.html"> gratis-to-play-and-not-win-much games manipulate their useds psychologically</a>. 
 
36  
Getting a higher score once leads the player to desire higher score again later. But the higher score resulting from the boost <a href="https://qz.com/873348/50000-coins-for-1-99-how-mobile-game-in-app-purchases-are-warping-kids-understanding-of-basic-economic-ideas/">does not give the player more coins, and does not help the player get a higher score in subsequent games</a>. To get that, the player will need a boost frequently, and usually has to pay real money for that. Since boosts are exciting and entertaining, the player is subtly pushed to purchase more coins with real money to get boosts, and it can develop into a costly habit. 
 
37  
nVidia's proprietary GeForce Experience <a href="http://www.gamersnexus.net/industry/2672-geforce-experience-data-transfer-analysis">makes users identify themselves and then sends personal data about them to nVidia servers</a>. 
<b>Nvidia GeForce Experience</b> <a href="https://www.gamersnexus.net/industry/2672-geforce-experience-data-transfer-analysis" title="Steve Burke, Analyzing GeForce Experience Data Transfers with Packet Monitoring, unter: https://www.gamersnexus.net/industry/2672-geforce-experience-data-transfer-analysis GamersNexus 2016.">identifiziert Benutzer und sendet diese personenbezogenen Daten dann an Nvidia-Server</a>. 
39 | Oculus Rift games now have <a
| [-href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/vv77ea/new-oculus-drm-cross-platform">-]
| {+href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/vv77ea/new-oculus-drm-cross-platform">+}
| DRM meant to prevent running them on other systems</a>. 
Oculus Rift games now have <a href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/vv77ea/new-oculus-drm-cross-platform"> DRM meant to prevent running them on other systems</a>. 
<b>Oculus Rift</b>-Spiele nun mit <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160520174302/http://motherboard.vice.com/read/new-oculus-drm-cross-platform" title="Emanuel Maiberg, Oculus DRM Kills Hack that Ports Games to Competing Headsets, Vice Motherboard 2016.">DRM, was das Ausführen auf anderen Systemen verhindern soll</a>. 
40  
Many popular mobile games include a random-reward system called <a href="#gacha"><i>gacha</i></a> which is especially effective on children. One variant of gacha was declared illegal in Japan in 2012, but the other variants are still <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/olliebarder/2016/04/04/japanese-mobile-gaming-still-cant-shake-off-the-spectre-of-exploitation/"> luring players into compulsively spending</a> inordinate amounts of money on virtual toys. 
 
41 | Many <a
| href="http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/29/how-much-data-are-video-games-collecting-about-you.html/">
| video game consoles snoop on their users and report to the
| internet</a>&mdash;[- -]even what their users weigh. 
Many <a href="http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/29/how-much-data-are-video-games-collecting-about-you.html/"> video game consoles snoop on their users and report to the internet</a>&mdash;even what their users weigh. 
Viele <a href="//www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/29/how-much-data-are-video-games-collecting-about-you.html/">Videospielkonsolen schnüffeln Nutzer hinterher und Senden alles ins Internet</a>&#160;&#8209;&#160;sogar, was man wiegt. 
43  
Modern gratis game cr&hellip;apps <a href="http://toucharcade.com/2015/09/16/we-own-you-confessions-of-a-free-to-play-producer/"> collect a wide range of data about their users and their users' friends and associates</a>. 
Moderne, kostenlose Spiele-Apps von „sehr schlechter Qualität“ <a href="//toucharcade.com/2015/09/16/we-own-you-confessions-of-a-free-to-play-producer/" title="Eli Hodapp, ‚We Own You“ - Confessions of an Anonymous Free to Play Producer, unter: http://toucharcade.com/2015/09/16/we-own-you-confessions-of-a-free-to-play-producer/ TouchArcade 2015.">sammeln eine Vielzahl von Daten über Nutzer und deren Freunde und Partner</a>. 
47  
Game Of War: Fire Age is an iPhone game with <a href="https://www.cracked.com/article_18461_5-creepy-ways-video-games-are-trying-to-get-you-addicted.html"> addictive features</a> which are based on <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-addictions.html#addictiveness">behavioral manipulation techniques</a>, compounded with group emulation. After a fairly easy start, the game slows down and becomes more difficult, so gamers are led to spend more and more money in order to keep up with their group. And if they stop playing for a while, the equipment they invested in gets destroyed by the &ldquo;enemy&rdquo; unless they buy an expensive &ldquo;shield&rdquo; to protect it. This game is also deceptive, as it uses confusing menus and complex stats to obfuscate true monetary costs. 
 
48  
Runescape is a popular online game with some <a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/runescape/comments/33cd8g/question_why_is_runescape_so_addicting/"> addictive features</a> derived from <a href="/proprietary/proprietary-addictions.html#addictiveness"> behavioral manipulation techniques</a>. Certain repetitive aspects of the game, like <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grinding_(video_games)"> grinding</a>, can be minimised by becoming a paying member, and can thus encourage children and impressionable people to spend money on the game. 
 
51  
Angry Birds <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/spy-agencies-scour-phone-apps-for-personal-data.html"> spies for companies, and the NSA takes advantage to spy through it too</a>. Here's information on <a href="http://confabulator.blogspot.com/2012/11/analysis-of-what-information-angry.html"> more spyware apps</a>. 
<b>Angry Birds</b> <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/spy-agencies-scour-phone-apps-for-personal-data.html" title="Spy Agencies Tap Data Streaming From Phone Apps, unter: https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/spy-agencies-scour-phone-apps-for-personal-data.html 2014.">spitzelt für Unternehmen, und die NSA profitiert ebenfalls</a>. Mehr Informationen zu <a href="https://confabulator.blogspot.de/2012/11/analysis-of-what-information-angry.html" title="Analysis of What Information Angry Birds Collects, unter: https://confabulator.blogspot.de/2012/11/analysis-of-what-information-angry.html 2012.">Schnüffelsoftware</a>. 
53  
Some proprietary <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jan/19/apple-talking-cats-in-app-purchases"> games lure children to spend their parents' money</a>. 
Einige proprietäre <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jan/19/apple-talking-cats-in-app-purchases" title="Apple needs to clamp down on its talking cats, unter: https://www.theguardian.com/international 2014.">Spiele locken Kinder um das Geld ihrer Eltern auszugeben</a>. 
54 | <a [-href="http://defectivebydesign.org/ebooks.html">Join our mailing
| list about the dangers of eBooks</a>.-]
| {+href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/sony">The Playstation 3 is a
| tyrant</a>.+} 
<a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/sony">The Playstation 3 is a tyrant</a>. 
<a href="//defectivebydesign.org/ebooks.html">Unsere Mailingliste über die Gefahren von elektronischen Büchern abonnieren</a>. 
56 | Sony subsequently sent police after Geohot, after he cracked the code that
| blocked users from changing the firmware, and we responded by calling for
| a <a href="http://boycottsony.org">boycott of Sony[- -]</a>. 
Sony subsequently sent police after Geohot, after he cracked the code that blocked users from changing the firmware, and we responded by calling for a <a href="http://boycottsony.org">boycott of Sony</a>. 
Daraufhin sandte Sony die Polizei zu Geohot, nachdem er den Code knackte, der Nutzer davon abhielt die Firmware zu ändern, und wir reagierten mit einem Aufruf zum <a href="//boycottsony.org" title="Boycott Sony, unter: defectivebydesign.org."><em>Boykott von Sony</em></a>. 
57  
In a court settlement Sony is <a href="http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2016/06/if-you-used-to-run-linux-on-your-ps3-you-could-get-55-from-sony/"> now paying for the sabotage</a>. 
In einem gerichtlichen Vergleich <a href="//arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2016/06/if-you-used-to-run-linux-on-your-ps3-you-could-get-55-from-sony/" title="David Kravets, Sony agrees to pay millions to gamers to settle PS3 Linux debacle, unter: Ars Technica, arstechnica.com 2016.">zahlt Sony nun für die Sabotage</a>. 
58  
Blizzard Warden is a hidden &ldquo;cheating-prevention&rdquo; program that <a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2005/10/new-gaming-feature-spyware"> spies on every process running on a gamer's computer and sniffs a good deal of personal data</a>, including lots of activities which have nothing to do with cheating. 
 
61 || No change detected. The change might only be in amounts of spaces. 
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63  
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