proprietary-jails.de.po

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8 | {+</a>&nbsp;/+} <a [-href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Other examples
| of proprietary malware</a>-]
| {+href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Malware</a>&nbsp;/ By
| type&nbsp;/+} 
</a>&nbsp;/ <a href="/proprietary/proprietary.html">Malware</a>&nbsp;/ By type&nbsp;/ 
<a href="/proprietary/">Weitere Beispiele proprietärer Schadsoftware</a> 
10 | Nonfree (proprietary) software is very often malware (designed to mistreat
| the user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers, which puts
| them in a position of power over the users; <a
| href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is the
| basic injustice</a>. The developers {+and manufacturers+} often exercise
| that power to the detriment of the users they ought to serve. 
Nonfree (proprietary) software is very often malware (designed to mistreat the user). Nonfree software is controlled by its developers, which puts them in a position of power over the users; <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">that is the basic injustice</a>. The developers and manufacturers often exercise that power to the detriment of the users they ought to serve. 
Unfreie (proprietäre) Software entspricht sehr häufig einem Schadprogramm (entworfen, um <ins>unerwünschte und gegebenenfalls schädliche Funktionen auszuführen,</ins> den Benutzer also schlecht behandeln). Unfreie Software wird von den Entwicklern kontrolliert, welches sie in eine Position der Macht gegenüber den Nutzern versetzt. <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important">Das ist die grundlegende Ungerechtigkeit!</a> Häufig üben Entwickler diese Macht zum Schaden der Benutzer aus, denen sie eigentlich dienen sollte. 
12 | [-Here-]{+The &ldquo;jails&rdquo;+} are [-examples of proprietary-]
| {+malicious+} operating systems that [-are <em>jails</em>: they-] are
| designed to impose censorship of which applications the user can install.
| The <a href="http://i.imgur.com/ZRViDum.jpg">image of the iPrison</a>
| illustrates this issue. 
The &ldquo;jails&rdquo; are malicious operating systems that are designed to impose censorship of which applications the user can install. The <a href="http://i.imgur.com/ZRViDum.jpg">image of the iPrison</a> illustrates this issue. 
Nachfolgend sind Beispiele von proprietären Betriebssystemen aufgeführt, die <em>Gefängnisse</em> sind: konzipiert um Zensur aufzubürden, welche Anwendungen Nutzer installieren dürfen. Ein <a href="https://i.imgur.com/ZRViDum.jpg">Bild eines iGefängnisses</a> , <cite><q>Your device is your prison. Go outside.</q></cite>, illustriert dies. 
16  
&nbsp;<a href="#apple">Apple</a>&nbsp; 
 
17  
&nbsp;<a href="#microsoft">Microsoft</a>&nbsp; 
 
18  
&nbsp;<a href="#consoles">Game&nbsp;consoles</a>&nbsp; 
 
20  
Apple has made it <a href="https://gizmodo.com/apple-and-google-pull-opposition-app-from-russian-store-1847695238"> impossible to load Navalny's tactical voting app into an iPhone</a> in Russia. 
 
22  
Apple plans to require that <a href="https://www.macrumors.com/2019/04/08/mac-apps-notarization-macos-10-14-5/"> all application software for MacOS be approved by Apple first</a>. 
 
23  
Offering a checking service as an option could be useful and would not be wrong. Requiring users to get Apple's approval is tyranny. Apple says the check will only look for malware (not counting the malware that is <a href="/proprietary/malware-apple.html#TOC">part of the operating system</a>), but Apple could change that policy step by step. Or perhaps Apple will define malware to include any app that China does not like. 
 
25  
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=IOS_jailbreaking&amp;oldid=835861046"> iOS, the operating system of the Apple iThings, is the prototype of a jail</a>. It was Apple that introduced the practice of designing general purpose computers with censorship of application programs. 
<a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jailbreak_(iOS)">iOS, das Betriebssystem der Apple iDinger, ist der Prototyp eines Gefängnisses</a>. Es war Apple, das die Praxis einführte, Allzweckrechner mit der Zensur von Anwendungsprogrammen zu entwerfen. 
26  
Here is an article about the <a href="http://weblog.rogueamoeba.com/2008/03/07/code-signing-and-you/"> code signing</a> that the iThings use to lock up the user. 
Hier ein Weblog-Beitrag über das <a href="https://weblog.rogueamoeba.com/2008/03/07/code-signing-and-you/" title="Code Signing and You, Rogue Amoeba Software, 2008. ">Codesigning</a>-Verfahren, dass die iDinger benutzen um Nutzer einzusperren. 
27 (ins) mention that Swift is nonfree software. 
Curiously, Apple is beginning to allow limited passage through the walls of the iThing jail: users can now install apps built from source code, provided the source code is written in Swift. Users cannot do this freely because they are required to identify themselves. <a href="https://developer.apple.com/xcode/">Here are details</a>. While this is a crack in the prison walls, it is not big enough to mean that the iThings are no longer jails. 
Kurioserweise beginnt Apple damit begrenzten Durchlass durch die Wände des iDing-Gefängnisses zuzulassen: Nutzer können Apps nun aus Quellcode installieren, vorausgesetzt der Quellcode ist mit <b>Swift</b><ins>, einer unfreien Programmiersprache speziell für die iDinger</ins> geschrieben. Selbstverständlich können Nutzer dies nicht frei tun, da eine Identifizierung erforderlich ist.<a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xcode">Mehr zu Xcode</a>. Dies stellt zwar ein Riss in den Gefängnismauern dar, jedoch nicht groß genug um anzudeuten, die iDinger seien keine Gefängnisse mehr. 
29  
The Russian communications watchdog <a href="https://www.reuters.com/legal/litigation/russian-watchdog-tells-google-apple-remove-navalny-app-report-2021-08-20/"> tells Google and Apple to remove Navalny's app</a> from their stores. 
 
31  
Apple is <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/aug/30/this-isnt-the-1990s-apple-under-pressure-from-app-developers"> putting the squeeze on all business</a> conducted through apps for iMonsters. 
 
33  
Apple has <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/10/hong-kong-protests-apple-pulls-tracking-app-after-china-criticism"> banned the app that Hong Kong protesters use to communicate</a>. 
 
35  
Apple <a href="https://boingboing.net/2019/10/07/apple-ios-13-1-2-for-hong-kong.html"> censors the Taiwan flag in iOS</a> on behalf of the Chinese government. When the region is set to Hong Kong, this flag is not visible in the emoji selection widget but is still accessible. When the region is set to mainland China, all attempts to display it will result in the &ldquo;empty emoji&rdquo; icon as if the flag never existed. 
 
37  
Users caught in the jail of an iMonster are <a href="https://boingboing.net/2019/05/15/brittle-security.html"> sitting ducks for other attackers</a>, and the app censorship prevents security companies from figuring out how those attacks work. 
 
42  
Apple used its censorship system to enforce Russian surveillance <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/06/technology/linkedin-blocked-in-russia.html?partner=rss&amp;emc=rss&amp;_r=0"> by blocking distribution of the LinkedIn app in Russia</a>. 
Apple-Zensur-System: <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170107012517/http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/06/technology/linkedin-blocked-in-russia.html" title="Russia Requires Apple and Google to Remove LinkedIn From Local App Stores, unter: NYTimes.com 2017 (Internet Archive).">LinkedIn-App in Russland blockiert</a>&#160;&#8209;&#160;um russische Überwachung durchzusetzen („Sperrung wegen ‚Datenschutz‘“). 
46  
Apple censors games, <a href="http://arstechnica.com/gaming/2016/05/apple-says-game-about-palestinian-child-isnt-a-game"> banning some games from the cr&hellip;app store</a> because of which political points they suggest. Some political points are apparently considered acceptable. 
Apple zensiert Spiele, einige werden <a href="https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2016/05/apple-says-game-about-palestinian-child-isnt-a-game/" title="Apple says game about Palestinian child isn’t a game, Ars Technica 2016.">aufgrund deren politischen Ansichten im App Store verboten</a>, einige werden offenbar als akzeptabel betrachtet. 
47  
Apple <a href="http://ifixit.org/blog/7401/ifixit-app-pulled/"> banned a program from the App Store</a> because its developers committed the enormity of disassembling some iThings. 
<a href="https://ifixit.org/blog/7401/ifixit-app-pulled/" title="iFixit App Pulled from Apple’s Store, unter: ifixit.org 2015.">Ein Programm wurde aus dem App Store verbannt</a>, weil Entwickler die Ungeheuerlichkeit begingen einige iDinger zu disassemblieren. 
48  
As of 2015, Apple <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/23/apple-anti-choice-tendencies-showing-in-app-store-reproductive-rights"> systematically bans apps that endorse abortion rights or would help women find abortions</a>. 
Seit 2015 <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/23/apple-anti-choice-tendencies-showing-in-app-store-reproductive-rights" title="Jess Zimmerman, Apple, your anti-choice tendencies are showing in your app store,,The Guardian 2015.">blockiert Apple systematisch Apps, die das Recht auf Schwangerschaftsabbrüche befürworten oder jegliche Suche danach unterstützen würden</a>. 
49  
This particular political slant <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/dec/01/siri-abortion-apple-unintenional-omissions"> affects other Apple services</a>. 
Diese besondere politische Schräge <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/dec/01/siri-abortion-apple-unintenional-omissions" title=" Siri's abortion bias embarrasses Apple as it rues 'unintentional omissions', The Guardian 2011.">beeinflusst auch andere Apple-Dienste</a>. 
50  
Apple has banned iThing applications that show the confederate flag. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/06/25/apple-confederate-flag_n_7663754.html"> Not only those that use it as a symbol of racism</a>, but even strategic games that use it to represent confederate army units fighting in the Civil War. 
Apple hat iDings-Anwendungen verbannt, die die Flagge der Konföderierten Staaten von Amerika zeigen. Und zwar <a href="//www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/06/25/apple-confederate-flag_n_7663754.html" title="Apple Pulls Civil War Games From App Store Over Confederate Flag, unter: huffingtonpost.com 2015.">nicht nur die, die sie als Symbol des Rassismus verwenden</a>, sondern sogar Strategiespiele, die sie verwenden, um konföderierte Armeeeinheiten darzustellen, die im Bürgerkrieg kämpfen. 
52  
<a href="http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/11/papers-please-game-ipad-nude-body-scans"> More examples of Apple's arbitrary and inconsistent censorship</a>. 
<a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/11/papers-please-game-ipad-nude-body-scans" title="Papers, Please app approved for iPad, but without nude body-scans, The Guardian 2014.">Weitere Beispiele für Apples willkürliche und wechselhafte Zensur</a>. 
53  
Apple used this censorship power in 2014 to <a href="http://boingboing.net/2014/02/07/apple-yanks-last-remaining-bit.html"> ban all bitcoin apps</a> for the iThings for a time. It also <a href="http://www.gamespot.com/articles/apple-removes-game-about-growing-marijuana-from-app-store/1100-6419864/"> banned a game about growing marijuana</a>, while permitting games about other crimes such as killing people. Perhaps Apple considers killing more acceptable than marijuana. 
Apple setzte 2014 diese Zensurmacht ein, um <a href="https://boingboing.net/2014/02/07/apple-yanks-last-remaining-bit.html" title="Apple yanks last remaining bitcoin wallet, Boing Boing 2014.">zeitweilig alle Bitcoin-Apps für die iDinger zu sperren</a>. <a href="https://www.gamespot.com/articles/apple-removes-game-about-growing-marijuana-from-app-store/1100-6419864/" title="Apple removes game about growing marijuana from App Store, CBS Interactive 2018.">Ebenso ein Spiel über den Anbau von Marihuana</a>, Spiele über andere Verbrechen wie dem Töten von Menschen jedoch nicht. Vielleicht hält Apple Töten für akzeptabler als Marihuana? 
54  
Apple rejected an app that displayed the locations of US drone assassinations, giving various excuses. Each time the developers fixed one &ldquo;problem&rdquo;, Apple complained about another. After the fifth rejection, Apple <a href="http://mashable.com/2014/02/07/apple-app-tracks-drone-strikes/"> admitted it was censoring the app based on the subject matter</a>. 
Mit fadenscheinigen Ausflüchten wurde eine Applikation abgewiesen, die die Positionen von US-Drohnen-Attentaten angab. Haben die Entwickler ein „Problem“ behoben, wurde sich jedes Mal über etwas anderes beklagt. Nach der 5. Abweisung gab Apple dann zu, dass die App <a href="https://mashable.com/2014/02/07/apple-app-tracks-drone-strikes/" title="After 5 Rejections, Apple Accepts App That Tracks U.S. Drone Strikes, Mashable 2014.">aufgrund der App selbst zensiert</a> wurde. 
56 | Windows 10 S was a jail: <a
| href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/03/windows-10-s-microsoft-faster-pc-comparison">
| only programs from the Windows Store could be installed and executed</a>.
| It was however possible to <a
| href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/13/15789998/microsoft-windows-10-s-upgrade-windows-10-pro-guide">
| upgrade to Windows 10 Pro</a>. The successor of Windows 10 S is a special
| configuration of Windows 10 called <a
| [-href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/help/4020089/windows-10-in-s-mode-faq">-]
| {+href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10-and-windows-11-in-s-mode-faq-851057d6-1ee9-b9e5-c30b-93baebeebc85">+}
| S mode</a>. The major difference with Windows 10 S is that there is an
| easy way to switch out of S mode. 
Windows 10 S was a jail: <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/03/windows-10-s-microsoft-faster-pc-comparison"> only programs from the Windows Store could be installed and executed</a>. It was however possible to <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/13/15789998/microsoft-windows-10-s-upgrade-windows-10-pro-guide"> upgrade to Windows 10 Pro</a>. The successor of Windows 10 S is a special configuration of Windows 10 called <a href="https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10-and-windows-11-in-s-mode-faq-851057d6-1ee9-b9e5-c30b-93baebeebc85"> S mode</a>. The major difference with Windows 10 S is that there is an easy way to switch out of S mode. 
Windows 10 S: <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/03/windows-10-s-microsoft-faster-pc-comparison" title="What is Windows 10 S and how is it different from regular Windows 10?, Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies 2018.">Programme nur aus Windows Store installier- und ausführbar</a>. Eine <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/13/15789998/microsoft-windows-10-s-upgrade-windows-10-pro-guide" title="How to upgrade from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro, Vox Media 2018.">Aktualisierung auf Windows 10 Pro </a> war jedoch möglich. Nachfolger ist eine spezielle Konfiguration von Windows 10 namens <a href="https://support.microsoft.com/de-de/help/4020089/windows-10-in-s-mode-faq" title="Windows 10 im S Modus - Häufig gestellte Fragen, Microsoft 2018 (Stand: 2018-05-09).">S Modus</a>. Hauptunterschied zu Windows 10 S ist eine einfache Möglichkeit, den S-Modus auszuschalten. 
57 | <a
| [-href="http://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/operating-systems/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html">-]
| {+href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190917162027/https://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html">+}
| Windows 8 on &ldquo;mobile devices&rdquo; (now defunct) was a jail</a>. 
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190917162027/https://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html"> Windows 8 on &ldquo;mobile devices&rdquo; (now defunct) was a jail</a>. 
<a href="https://www.itworld.com/article/2832657/operating-systems/microsoft-metro-app-store-lock-down.html" title="Microsoft Metro app store lock down, IDG Communications 2018.">Windows&#160;8 auf „Mobilgeräten“ <em>war</em> ein Gefängnis.</a> 
62 || No change detected. The change might only be in amounts of spaces. 
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64  
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