grub-install generates a GRUB core image using
grub-mkimage and installs it on your system. You must specify the
device name on which you want to install GRUB, like this:
The device name install_device is an OS device name or a GRUB device name.
grub-install accepts the following options:
Print a summary of the command-line options and exit.
Print the version number of GRUB and exit.
Install GRUB images under the directory dir/grub/ This option is useful when you want to install GRUB into a separate partition or a removable disk. If this option is not specified then it defaults to /boot, so
is equivalent to
grub-install --boot-directory=/boot/ /dev/sda
Here is an example in which you have a separate boot partition which is mounted on /mnt/boot:
grub-install --boot-directory=/mnt/boot /dev/sdb
Recheck the device map, even if /boot/grub/device.map already exists. You should use this option whenever you add/remove a disk into/from your computer.
By default on x86 BIOS systems,
grub-install will use some
extra space in the bootloader embedding area for Reed-Solomon
error-correcting codes. This enables GRUB to still boot successfully
if some blocks are corrupted. The exact amount of protection offered
is dependent on available space in the embedding area. R sectors of
redundancy can tolerate up to R/2 corrupted sectors. This
redundancy may be cumbersome if attempting to cryptographically
validate the contents of the bootloader embedding area, or in more
modern systems with GPT-style partition tables (see BIOS installation) where GRUB does not reside in any unpartitioned space
outside of the MBR. Disable the Reed-Solomon codes with this option.