A socket pair consists of a pair of connected (but unnamed)
sockets. It is very similar to a pipe and is used in much the same
way. Socket pairs are created with the
declared in sys/socket.h. A socket pair is much like a pipe; the
main difference is that the socket pair is bidirectional, whereas the
pipe has one input-only end and one output-only end (see Pipes and FIFOs).
Preliminary: | MT-Safe | AS-Safe | AC-Safe fd | See POSIX Safety Concepts.
This function creates a socket pair, returning the file descriptors in
filedes. The socket pair
is a full-duplex communications channel, so that both reading and writing
may be performed at either end.
The namespace, style and protocol arguments are
interpreted as for the
socket function. style should be
one of the communication styles listed in Communication Styles.
The namespace argument specifies the namespace, which must be
AF_LOCAL (see The Local Namespace); protocol specifies the
communications protocol, but zero is the only meaningful value.
If style specifies a connectionless communication style, then the two sockets you get are not connected, strictly speaking, but each of them knows the other as the default destination address, so they can send packets to each other.
socketpair function returns
0 on success and
on failure. The following
errno error conditions are defined
for this function:
The process has too many file descriptors open.
The specified namespace is not supported.
The specified protocol is not supported.
The specified protocol does not support the creation of socket pairs.