dnl stands for “Discard to Next Line”:
All characters, up to and including the next newline, are discarded without performing any macro expansion. A warning is issued if the end of the file is encountered without a newline.
The expansion of
It is often used in connection with
define, to remove the
newline that follows the call to
define(`foo', `Macro `foo'.')dnl A very simple macro, indeed. foo ⇒Macro foo.
The input up to and including the next newline is discarded, as opposed to the way comments are treated (see Comments).
dnl is immediately followed by an end of line or some
other whitespace. GNU
m4 will produce a warning diagnostic if
dnl is followed by an open parenthesis. In this case,
will collect and process all arguments, looking for a matching close
parenthesis. All predictable side effects resulting from this
collection will take place.
dnl will return no output. The
input following the matching close parenthesis up to and including the
next newline, on whatever line containing it, will still be discarded.
dnl(`args are ignored, but side effects occur', define(`foo', `like this')) while this text is ignored: undefine(`foo') error-->m4:stdin:1: Warning: excess arguments to builtin `dnl' ignored See how `foo' was defined, foo? ⇒See how foo was defined, like this?
If the end of file is encountered without a newline character, a warning is issued and dnl stops consuming input.
m4wrap(`m4wrap(`2 hi ')0 hi dnl 1 hi') ⇒ define(`hi', `HI') ⇒ ^D error-->m4:stdin:1: Warning: end of file treated as newline ⇒0 HI 2 HI