In the descriptions of the following functions,
z is the complex number x + iy, where i is
Compute the magnitude of z.
The magnitude is defined as
sqrt (x^2 + y^2).
abs (3 + 4i) ⇒ 5
See also: arg.
Compute the argument, i.e., angle of z.
This is defined as,
atan2 (y, x),
arg (3 + 4i) ⇒ 0.92730
See also: abs.
Return the complex conjugate of z.
The complex conjugate is defined as
conj (z) = x - iy.
See also: real, imag.
Sort the numbers z into complex conjugate pairs ordered by increasing real part.
The negative imaginary complex numbers are placed first within each pair.
All real numbers (those with
abs (imag (z) / z) < tol) are placed after the
tol is a weighting factor which determines the tolerance of matching.
The default value is 100 and the resulting tolerance for a given complex
100 * eps (abs (z(i))).
By default the complex pairs are sorted along the first non-singleton dimension of z. If dim is specified, then the complex pairs are sorted along this dimension.
Signal an error if some complex numbers could not be paired. Signal an error if all complex numbers are not exact conjugates (to within tol). Note that there is no defined order for pairs with identical real parts but differing imaginary parts.
cplxpair (exp (2i*pi*[0:4]'/5)) == exp (2i*pi*[3; 2; 4; 1; 0]/5)
Return the imaginary part of z as a real number.
See also: real, conj.
Return the real part of z.
See also: imag, conj.