GNU Parted User Manual

Copyright © 1999–2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”.

This file documents the use of GNU Parted, a program for creating and manipulating partition tables.

This document applies roughly to version 3.6 of GNU Parted.

The original version was written by Andrew Clausen in text format. Richard M. Kreuter translated it into Texinfo format in 2002, to be heavily edited by Leslie P. Polzer in 2006.

Short Table of Contents

1 Introduction

1.1 Overview of GNU Parted

GNU Parted is a program for creating and manipulating partition tables.

This documentation is written with the assumption that the reader has some understanding of partitioning and file systems.

GNU Parted was designed to minimize the chance of data loss. For example, it was designed to avoid data loss during interruptions (like power failure) and performs many safety checks. However, there could be bugs in GNU Parted, so you should back up your important files before running Parted.

The GNU Parted homepage is The library and frontend themselves can be downloaded from You can also find a listing of mailing lists, notes for contributing and more useful information on the web site.

Please send bug reports to . When sending bug reports, please include the version of GNU Parted. Please include the output from these commands (for disk /dev/hda):

# parted /dev/hda unit s print free

Feel free to ask for help on this list — just check that your question isn’t answered here first. If you don’t understand the documentation, please tell us, so we can explain it better. General philosophy is: if you need to ask for help, then something needs to be fixed so you (and others) don’t need to ask for help.

Also, we’d love to hear your ideas :-)

1.2 Software Required for the use of Parted

If you’re installing or compiling Parted yourself, you’ll need to have some other programs installed. If you are compiling Parted, you will need both the normal and devel packages of these programs installed:

1.3 Platforms on which GNU Parted runs

Hopefully, this list will grow a lot. If you do not have one of these platforms, then you can use a rescue disk and a static binary of GNU Parted.


Linux versions 2.0 and up, on Alpha, x86 PCs, PC98, Macintosh PowerPC, Sun hardware.


1.4 Terms of distribution for GNU Parted

GNU Parted is free software, covered by the GNU General Public License Version 3, or (at your option) any later version. This should have been included with the Parted distribution, in the COPYING file. If not, see <>.

Libparted is considered part of GNU Parted. It is covered by the GNU General Public License. It is NOT released under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL).

1.5 Building GNU Parted

If you want to compile GNU Parted, this is generally done with:

$ ./configure
$ make

However, there are a few options for configure:


turns off use of readline. This is useful for making rescue disks, etc., where few libraries are available.


don’t include assertions


turns off native language support. This is useful for use with old versions of glibc, or a trimmed down version of glibc suitable for rescue disks.


turns off shared libraries. This may be necessary for use with old versions of GNU libc, if you get a compile error about a “spilled register”. Also useful for boot/rescue disks.


support only reading/probing (reduces size considerably)


enable malloc() debugging


disable writing (for debugging)

1.5.1 Introduction

If you want to run GNU Parted on a machine without GNU/Linux installed, or you want to modify a root or boot partition, use GParted Live:

2 Using Parted

2.1 Introduction to Partitioning

Partitioning is the process of dividing a storage device into local sections, called partitions, which help organize multiple filesystems and their associated operating systems.

A storage device presents itself as a sequence of bytes, numbered starting from zero and increasing until the maximum capacity of the device is reached. Bytes are normally read and written a sector at a time, rather than individually. Each sector contains a fixed number of bytes, with the number determined by the device.

|            storage device with no partitions               |
0 start                                                    end

In order to store multiple filesystems, a storage device can be divided up in to multiple partitions. Each partition can be thought of as an area which contains a real filesystem inside of it. To show where these partitions are on the device a small table is written at the start, shown as PT in the diagram below. This table is called a partition table, or disklabel, and also stores the type of each partition and some flags.

|PT|  Partition 1  |  Partition 2   |  Partition 3           |
0 start                                                    end

2.2 Using GNU Parted

Parted has two modes: command line and interactive. Parted should always be started with:

# parted device

where device is the hard disk device to edit. (If you’re lazy and omit the DEVICE argument, Parted will attempt to guess which device you want.)

In command line mode, this is followed by one or more commands. For example:

# parted /dev/sda mklabel gpt mkpart P1 ext3 1MiB 8MiB 

Options (like --help) can only be specified on the command line.

In interactive mode, commands are entered one at a time at a prompt, and modify the disk immediately. For example:

(parted) mklabel gpt
(parted) mkpart P1 ext3 1MiB 8MiB 

Unambiguous abbreviations are allowed. For example, you can type “p” instead of “print”, and “u” instead of “units”. Commands can be typed either in English, or your native language (if your language has been translated). This may create ambiguities. Commands are case-insensitive.

Numbers indicating partition locations can be whole numbers or decimals. The suffix selects the unit, which may be one of those described in unit, except CHS and compact. If no suffix is given, then the default unit is assumed. Negative numbers count back from the end of the disk, with “-1s” indicating the sector at the end of the disk. Parted will compute sensible ranges for the locations you specify (e.g. a range of +/- 500 MB when you specify the location in “G”). Use the sector unit “s” to specify exact locations. With parted-2.4 and newer, IEC binary units like “MiB”, “GiB”, “TiB”, etc., specify exact locations as well. See IEC binary units.

If you don’t give a parameter to a command, Parted will prompt you for it. For example:

(parted) mklabel
New disk label type? gpt

Parted will always warn you before doing something that is potentially dangerous, unless the command is one of those that is inherently dangerous (viz., rm, mklabel and mkpart). Since many partitioning systems have complicated constraints, Parted will usually do something slightly different to what you asked. (For example, create a partition starting at 10.352Mb, not 10.4Mb) If the calculated values differ too much, Parted will ask you for confirmation.

2.3 Command Line Options

When invoked from the command line, Parted supports the following syntax:

# parted [option] device [command [argument]]

Available options and commands follow. For detailed explanations of the use of Parted commands, see Parted Session Commands. Options begin with a hyphen, commands do not:



display a help message


lists partition layout on all block devices


display output in machine parseable format


display output in JSON format


never prompt the user


automatically answer exceptions with "fix" in script mode, which is useful for: GPT header not including full disk size; moving the backup GPT table to the end of the disk; MAC fix missing partition map entry; etc.

-a alignment-type
--align alignment-type

Set alignment for newly created partitions, valid alignment types are: none, cylinder, minimal and optimal.


display the version

2.4 Parted Session Commands

GNU Parted provides the following commands:

Note that after version 2.4, the following commands were removed: check, cp, mkfs, mkpartfs, move, resize.

2.4.1 align-check

Command: align-check align-type n

Determine whether the starting sector of partition n meets the disk’s selected alignment criteria. align-type must be ‘minimal’, ‘optimal’ or an abbreviation. When in script mode, if the partition does not meet the alignment requirement, exit with status 1; otherwise (including on older kernels for which alignment data is not available), continue processing any remaining commands. Without --script, print either ‘N aligned’ or ‘N not aligned’.


(parted) align-check minimal 1
1 aligned

2.4.2 disk_set

Command: disk_set flag state

Changes a flag on the disk. A flag can be either “on” or “off”. Some or all of these flags will be available, depending on what disk label you are using:


(GPT) - this flag enables the boot flag on the GPT’s protective MBR partition.

The disk’s flags are displayed by the print command on the "Disk Flags:" line. They are also output as the last field of the disk information in machine mode.

(parted) disk_set pmbr_boot on

Set the PMBR’s boot flag.

2.4.3 disk_toggle

Command: disk_toggle flag

Toggle the state of the disk flag.

2.4.4 help

Command: help [command]

Prints general help, or help on command.


(parted) help mklabel

Print help for the mklabel command.

2.4.5 mklabel

Command: mklabel label-type

Creates a new disk label, of type label-type. The new disk label will have no partitions. This command (normally) won’t technically destroy your data, but it will make it basically unusable, and you will need to use the rescue command (see Related information) to recover any partitions. Parted works on all partition tables. 1

label-type must be one of these supported disk labels:

  • aix
  • amiga
  • bsd
  • dvh
  • gpt
  • loop (raw disk access)
  • mac
  • msdos
  • pc98
  • sun


(parted) mklabel msdos

Create an MS-DOS disk label. This is still the most common disk label for PCs.

2.4.6 mkpart

Command: mkpart [part-type name fs-type] start end

Creates a new partition, without creating a new file system on that partition. This is useful for creating partitions for file systems (or LVM, etc.) that Parted doesn’t support. You may specify a file system type, to set the appropriate partition code in the partition table for the new partition. fs-type is required for data partitions (i.e., non-extended partitions). start and end are the offset from the beginning of the disk, that is, the “distance” from the start of the disk.

part-type is one of ‘primary’, ‘extended’ or ‘logical’, and may be specified only with ‘msdos’ or ‘dvh’ partition tables. A name must be specified for a ‘gpt’ partition table. Neither part-type nor name may be used with a ‘sun’ partition table.

fs-type must be one of these supported file systems:

  • btrfs
  • ext2, ext3, ext4
  • fat16, fat32
  • hfs, hfs+, hfsx
  • hp-ufs
  • jfs
  • linux-swap, linux-swap(new,old,v0,v1)
  • nilfs2
  • ntfs
  • reiserfs
  • sun-ufs
  • ufs
  • xfs

For example, the following creates a logical partition that will contain an ext2 file system. The partition will start at the beginning of the disk, and end 692.1 megabytes into the disk.

(parted) mkpart logical 0.0 692.1

Now, we will show how to partition a low-end flash device (“low-end”, as of 2011/2012). For such devices, you should use 4MiB-aligned partitions2. This command creates a tiny place-holder partition at the beginning, and then uses all remaining space to create the partition you’ll actually use:

$ parted -s /dev/sdX -- mklabel msdos \
    mkpart primary fat32 64s 4MiB \
    mkpart primary fat32 4MiB -1s

Note the use of ‘--’, to prevent the following ‘-1s’ last-sector indicator from being interpreted as an invalid command-line option. The above creates two empty partitions. The first is unaligned and tiny, with length less than 4MiB. The second partition starts precisely at the 4MiB mark and extends to the end of the device.

The next step is typically to create a file system in the second partition:

$ mkfs.vfat /dev/sdX2

2.4.7 name

Command: name number name

Sets the name for the partition number (GPT, Mac, MIPS and PC98 only). The name can be placed in quotes. And depending on the shell may need to also be wrapped in single quotes so that the shell doesn’t strip off the double quotes.


(parted) name 2 'Secret Documents'

Set the name of partition 2 to ‘Secret Documents’.

Command: print [print-type]

Displays the partition table on the device parted is editing, or detailed information about a particular partition.

print-type is optional, and can be one of ‘devices’, ‘free’, ‘list’, or ‘all’.


display all active block devices


display information about free unpartitioned space on the current block device

list, all

display the partition tables of all active block devices


(parted) print
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2684MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system     Flags
 1      1049kB  1000MB  999MB   primary                  boot, lba
 2      1000MB  2300MB  1299MB  primary  ext2            lba
 3      2300MB  2500MB  200MB   primary  linux-swap(v1)  lba
(parted) print free
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2684MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system     Flags
        16.4kB  1049kB  1032kB           Free Space
 1      1049kB  1000MB  999MB   primary                  boot, lba
 2      1000MB  2300MB  1299MB  primary  ext2            lba
 3      2300MB  2500MB  200MB   primary  linux-swap(v1)  lba
        2500MB  2684MB  185MB            Free Space

2.4.9 quit

Command: quit

Quits Parted.

It is only after Parted exits that the Linux kernel knows about the changes Parted has made to the disks. However, the changes caused by typing your commands will probably be made to the disk immediately after typing a command. However, the operating system’s cache and the disk’s hardware cache may delay this.

2.4.10 rescue

Command: rescue start end

Rescue a lost partition that used to be located approximately between start and end. If such a partition is found, Parted will ask you if you want to create a partition for it. This is useful if you accidentally deleted a partition with parted’s rm command, for example.


(parted) print
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2684MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system     Flags
 1      1049kB  1000MB  999MB   primary                  boot, lba
 2      1000MB  2300MB  1299MB  primary  ext4            lba
(parted) rm
Partition number? 2
(parted) print
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2684MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system     Flags
 1      1049kB  1000MB  999MB   primary                  boot, lba

OUCH! We deleted our ext4 partition!!! Parted comes to the rescue...

(parted) rescue
Start? 1000
End? 2684
Information: A ext4 primary partition was found at 1000MB ->
2300MB.  Do you want to add it to the partition table?
Yes/No/Cancel? y
(parted) print
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 2684MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system     Flags
 1      1049kB  1000MB  999MB   primary                  boot, lba
 2      1000MB  2300MB  1299MB  primary  ext4            lba

It’s back! :)

2.4.11 resizepart

Command: resizepart number end

Moves the end position of partition number. Note that this does not modify any filesystem present in the partition. If you wish to do this, you will need to use external tools, such as resize2fs.

When growing a partition you will want to grow the filesystem afterwards, but when shrinking, you need to shrink the filesystem before the partition.

2.4.12 rm

Command: rm number

Removes the partition with number number. If you accidentally delete a partition with this command, use see rescue to recover it. Also, you can use the gpart program (see Related information) to recover damaged disk labels.

Note for msdos disk labels: if you delete a logical partition, all logical partitions with a larger partition number will be renumbered. For example, if you delete a logical partition with a partition number of 6, then logical partitions that were number 7, 8 and 9 would be renumbered to 6, 7 and 8 respectively. This means, for example, that you have to update /etc/fstab on GNU/Linux systems.


(parted) rm 3

Remove partition 3.

2.4.13 select

Command: select device

Selects the device, device, for Parted to edit. The device can be a Linux hard disk device, a partition, a software RAID device, LVM logical volume, or disk image file.


(parted) select /dev/hdb

Select /dev/hdb (the slave device on the first ide controller on Linux) as the device to edit.

2.4.14 set

Command: set number flag state

Changes a flag on the partition with number number. A flag can be either “on” or “off”. Some or all of these flags will be available, depending on what disk label you are using:


(GPT) - Enable this to record that the selected partition is a GRUB BIOS partition.


(GPT) - this flag is used to tell special purpose software that the GPT partition may be bootable.


(MS-DOS, GPT) - Enable this to indicate that the selected partition is a Linux Boot Loader Specification compatible /boot partition.


(Mac, MS-DOS, PC98) - should be enabled if you want to boot off the partition. The semantics vary between disk labels. For MS-DOS disk labels, only one partition can be bootable. If you are installing LILO on a partition that partition must be bootable. For PC98 disk labels, all ext2 partitions must be bootable (this is enforced by Parted).


(GPT) - This flag identifies partitions that contain Microsoft filesystems (NTFS or FAT). It may optionally be set on Linux filesystems to mimic the type of configuration created by parted 3.0 and earlier, in which a separate Linux filesystem type code was not available on GPT disks. This flag can only be removed within parted by replacing it with a competing flag, such as boot or msftres.


(MS-DOS,GPT) - This flag identifies a "Microsoft Reserved" partition, which is used by Windows. Note that this flag should not normally be set on Windows filesystem partitions (those that contain NTFS or FAT filesystems).


(MS-DOS, GPT) - this flag identifies an Intel Rapid Start Technology partition.


(MS-DOS, GPT) - this flag identifies a UEFI System Partition. On GPT it is an alias for boot.


(GPT) - this flag indicates a partition that can be used with the Chrome OS bootloader and verified boot implementation.


(MS-DOS) - this flag can be enabled to tell MS DOS, MS Windows 9x and MS Windows ME based operating systems to use Linear (LBA) mode.


(Mac) - this flag should be enabled if the partition is the root device to be used by Linux.


(GPT) - Enable this to indicate that the selected partition is a Linux /home partition.


(MS-DOS, GPT, Mac) - this flag should be enabled if the partition is the swap device to be used by Linux.


(MS-DOS, PC98) - this flag can be enabled to hide partitions from Microsoft operating systems.


(MS-DOS) - this flag can be enabled to tell linux the partition is a software RAID partition.


(MS-DOS) - this flag can be enabled to tell linux the partition is a physical volume.


(MS-DOS) - this flag can be enabled so that the partition can be used by the Linux/PA-RISC boot loader, palo.


(MS-DOS, GPT) - this flag can be enabled so that the partition can be used as a PReP boot partition on PowerPC PReP or IBM RS6K/CHRP hardware.


(MS-DOS) - Enable this to indicate that a partition can be used as a diagnostics / recovery partition.

The print command displays all enabled flags for each partition.


(parted) set 1 boot on

Set the ‘boot’ flag on partition 1.

2.4.15 toggle

Command: toggle number flag

Toggle the state of flag on partition number.

2.4.16 type

Command: type number id or uuid

On MS-DOS set the type-id aka partition id to id on partition number. The id is a value between 0x01 and 0xff, e.g. the ID for Linux is 0x83. A list with some IDs is available at

On GPT set the type-uuid to uuid on partition number. E.g. the UUID for Linux is 0fc63daf-8483-4772-8e79-3d69d8477de4. A list with some UUIDs is availabe at

2.4.17 unit

Command: unit unit

Selects the current default unit that Parted will use to display locations and capacities on the disk and to interpret those given by the user if they are not suffixed by an unit.

unit may be one of:


sector (n bytes depending on the sector size, often 512)




kibibyte (1024 bytes)


mebibyte (1048576 bytes)


gibibyte (1073741824 bytes)


tebibyte (1099511627776 bytes)


kilobyte (1000 bytes)


megabyte (1000000 bytes)


gigabyte (1000000000 bytes)


terabyte (1000000000000 bytes)


percentage of the device (between 0 and 100)


cylinders (related to the BIOS CHS geometry)


cylinders, heads, sectors addressing (related to the BIOS CHS geometry)


This is a special unit that defaults to megabytes for input, and picks a unit that gives a compact human readable representation for output.

The default unit apply only for the output and when no unit is specified after an input number. Input numbers can be followed by an unit (without any space or other character between them), in which case this unit apply instead of the default unit for this particular number, but CHS and cylinder units are not supported as a suffix. If no suffix is given, then the default unit is assumed. Parted will compute sensible ranges for the locations you specify (e.g., a range of +/- 500 MB when you specify the location in “G”, and a range of +/- 500 KB when you specify the location in “M”) and will select the nearest location in this range from the one you wrote that satisfies constraints from both the operation, the filesystem being worked on, the disk label, other partitions and so on. Use the sector unit “s” to specify exact locations (if they do not satisfy all constraints, Parted will ask you for the nearest solution). Note that negative numbers count back from the end of the disk, with “-1s” pointing to the last sector of the disk.

Note that as of parted-2.4, when you specify start and/or end values using IEC binary units like “MiB”, “GiB”, “TiB”, etc., parted treats those values as exact, and equivalent to the same number specified in bytes (i.e., with the “B” suffix), in that it provides no “helpful” range of sloppiness. Contrast that with a partition start request of “4GB”, which may actually resolve to some sector up to 500MB before or after that point. Thus, when creating a partition, you should prefer to specify units of bytes (“B”), sectors (“s”), or IEC binary units like “MiB”, but not “MB”, “GB”, etc.


(parted) unit compact
(parted) print
Disk geometry for /dev/hda: 0kB - 123GB
Disk label type: msdos
Number  Start   End     Size    Type      File system  Flags
1       32kB    1078MB  1077MB  primary   reiserfs     boot
2       1078MB  2155MB  1078MB  primary   linux-swap
3       2155MB  123GB   121GB   extended
5       2155MB  7452MB  5297MB  logical   reiserfs
(parted) unit chs print
Disk geometry for /dev/hda: 0,0,0 - 14946,225,62
BIOS cylinder,head,sector geometry: 14946,255,63.  Each cylinder
is 8225kB.
Disk label type: msdos
Number  Start       End         Type      File system  Flags
1       0,1,0       130,254,62  primary   reiserfs     boot
2       131,0,0     261,254,62  primary   linux-swap
3       262,0,0     14945,254,62 extended
5       262,2,0     905,254,62  logical   reiserfs
(parted) unit mb print
Disk geometry for /dev/hda: 0MB - 122942MB
Disk label type: msdos
Number  Start   End     Size    Type      File system  Flags
1       0MB     1078MB  1077MB  primary   reiserfs     boot
2       1078MB  2155MB  1078MB  primary   linux-swap
3       2155MB  122935MB 120780MB extended
5       2155MB  7452MB  5297MB  logical   reiserfs

Appendix A Copying This Manual

A.1 GNU Free Documentation License

Version 1.3, 3 November 2008
Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

    The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document free in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

    This License is a kind of “copyleft”, which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software.

    We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.


    This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed under the terms of this License. Such a notice grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that work under the conditions stated herein. The “Document”, below, refers to any such manual or work. Any member of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as “you”. You accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law.

    A “Modified Version” of the Document means any work containing the Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with modifications and/or translated into another language.

    A “Secondary Section” is a named appendix or a front-matter section of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the publishers or authors of the Document to the Document’s overall subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly within that overall subject. (Thus, if the Document is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any mathematics.) The relationship could be a matter of historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding them.

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    The “Title Page” means, for a printed book, the title page itself, plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material this License requires to appear in the title page. For works in formats which do not have any title page as such, “Title Page” means the text near the most prominent appearance of the work’s title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

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    A section “Entitled XYZ” means a named subunit of the Document whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses following text that translates XYZ in another language. (Here XYZ stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as “Acknowledgements”, “Dedications”, “Endorsements”, or “History”.) To “Preserve the Title” of such a section when you modify the Document means that it remains a section “Entitled XYZ” according to this definition.

    The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which states that this License applies to the Document. These Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and has no effect on the meaning of this License.


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ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:

  Copyright (C)  year  your name.
  Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
  under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3
  or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
  with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
  Texts.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU
  Free Documentation License''.

If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts, replace the “with…Texts.” line with this:

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If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

Appendix B This manual’s history

This manual was based on the file USER included in GNU Parted version 1.4.22 source distribution. The GNU Parted source distribution is available at

Initial Texinfo formatting by Richard M. Kreuter, 2002.

Maintainance by Andrew Clausen from 2002 to 2005 and by Leslie P. Polzer from July 2005 onwards.

This manual is distributed under the GNU Free Documentation License, version 1.1 or later, at your discretion, any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts. See Copying This Manual, for details.


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Index Entry  Section

align-check, command description: align-check

bugs, reporting: Overview
building parted: Compiling

command description, align-check: align-check
command description, disk_set: disk_set
command description, disk_toggle: disk_toggle
command description, help: help
command description, mkindex: mklabel
command description, mkpart: mkpart
command description, name: name
command description, print: print
command description, quit: quit
command description, rescue: rescue
command description, resizepart: resizepart
command description, rm: rm
command description, select: select
command description, set: set
command description, toggle: toggle
command description, type: type
command description, unit: unit
command syntax: Command explanations
commands: Using Parted
commands, detailed listing: Command explanations
commands, overview: Invoking Parted
compiling parted: Compiling
contacting developers: Overview

description of parted: Overview
detailed command listing: Command explanations
disk_set, command description: disk_set
disk_toggle, command description: disk_toggle

e2fsprogs: Software Required

FDL, GNU Free Documentation License: GNU Free Documentation License
further reading: Related information

gettext: Software Required
gnu gpl: License
gpl: License

help, command description: help
history of this manual: History

invocation options: Invoking Parted

libuuid: Software Required
license terms: License

mklabel, command description: mklabel
mkpart, command description: mkpart
modes of use: Running Parted

name, command description: name

options at invocation: Invoking Parted
overview: Overview

parted description: Overview
partitioning overview: Partitioning
platforms, supported: Supported Platforms
print, command description: print

quit, command description: quit

readline: Software Required
related documentation: Related information
reporting bugs: Overview
required software: Software Required
rescue, command description: rescue
resizepart, command description: resizepart
rm, command description: rm

select, command description: select
set, command description: set
software dependencies: Software Required
supported platforms: Supported Platforms

terms of distribution: License
toggle, command description: toggle
type, command description: type

unit, command description: unit



Everyone seems to have a different word for “disk label” — these are all the same thing: partition table, partition map.


Cheap flash drives will be with us for a long time to come, and, for them, 1MiB alignment is not enough. Use at least 4MiB-aligned partitions. For details, see Arnd Bergman’s article, and its many comments.