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7.2 Missing Values in Expressions

Most numeric operators yield system-missing when given any system-missing operand. A string operator given any system-missing operand typically results in the empty string. Exceptions are listed under particular operator descriptions.

String user-missing values are not treated specially in expressions.

User-missing values for numeric variables are always transformed into the system-missing value, except inside the arguments to the VALUE and SYSMIS functions.

The missing-value functions can be used to precisely control how missing values are treated in expressions. See Missing Value Functions, for more details.