\. \\!%PB \\!/showpage{}def \\!/tempdict 200 dict def tempdict begin \\!end % tempdict % \\!PE \\!. ' br \} ' br \} ' br \} ' br \}

Next: , Up: (dir)

1 swign" "1

Next: , Previous: Top, Up: Top

1.1 NAME

swign Create a tar archive of a directory with an embedded GPG signature.

Next: , Previous: NAME, Up: Top


     swign [options] [-u gpg-name] [–homedir=gpg-homedir] @- # Write to stdout
     swign [options] [-u gpg-name] [–homedir=gpg-homedir] @.  # Sign directory
     swign -S [options] [-u gpg-name] [–homedir=gpg-homedir]
     swign -E [options] [-u gpg-name] [–homedir=gpg-homedir]

Next: , Previous: SYNOPSIS, Up: Top


swign reads a PSF (Product Specfication File) to generate and load the package catalog into the current directory and then writes the cooresponding archive to stdout. The PSF is read from standard input by default. To use an internally generated PSF with name and revision attributes determined from the name of the current directory use '-s.'.

The PSF is scanned for replacement tokens for tag and revision attributes determined from the current directoy name. It is expected that the current directory name have the form: 'tag-revision'. The replacement string has the form '%__NAME' where NAME is 'tag' or 'revision'. The directory derived values can be overridden with the '–revision' or '–name-version' options.

swign by default will remove and re-create the ./catalog/ meta-data directory, then use GNU tar to write the current directory as a tar archive to stdout. The result is a tar archive written entirely with GNU tar that contains an embedded GPG signature in the control file './catalog/dfiles/signature'. The contents of './catalog/' are consistent with the POSIX packaging standard ISO/IEC 15068-2:1999. The package layout of the resulting archive is unchanged except for the addition of the './catalog' directory.

The contents of the archive is the contents of the current directory ".". The pathnames in the archive are prefixed by the base name of ".". The owner and group of all the files in the emitted archive are specified by the PSF file and command line options.

In order for the signature to be valid, the file ownerships specified in the PSF must be consistent with the 'swign' command. swign will read the PSF to determine these ownerships automatically from the 'file_permissions' directive unless the '-o' or '-g' command line options are used or if this feature is disabled using the '–no-psf-detect' option is given.

The default ownerships for all the files are the current user's owner and group. If the -o (or -g) option is used with a empty string for the option arg then the file ownerships of the source files are used. This script assumes GNU tar is installed.

After writing the ./catalog/ file and before writing the archive, the file list stored in ./catalog/dfiles/files is compared to the current directory contents, if any difference is found the archive is not written and error returned.

Next: , Previous: DESCRIPTION, Up: Top



show help.


show the PSF to stdout, and then exit.


Disable automatic detection of the PSF's file ownerships policy.


Don't remove the ./catalog directory before overwriting.


Use the file ownerships and permissions of the source files.

-u, –local-user name

Use name as the user ID to sign.


Set the name of the home directory to DIR. If not specified then use "~/.gnupg".

-s, –source=FILE

Specify a PSF file name or one of two special names, '-' for stdin, and '.' for the internally generated PSF.

-T, –show-names-only

show some info (for help and debugging) and exit.

-t, –run-sanity-check

Instead of writing stdout, write the archive to ../packageDirName.swigntest.tar.gz and run some sanity tests.

-S, –sign-only

Write the ./catalog/ file containing the digest and signature into "." and then exit without writing the archive to stdout. Same as using "." as the target such as 'swign @.'

-E, –emit-only

Do not write the ./catalog/ file containing the digest and signature into "." and then write the archive to stdout. This does not affect the directory contents.

-D, –with-checkdigest FILE

Include the checkdigest control script sourced from FILE. This is only needed when not supplying a PSF, that is this option modifies an internally generated PSF.

-o, –owner OWNER

Specify owner. Use an empty string "" to specify the source file owner.

-g, –group GROUP

Specify group. Use an empty string "" to specify the source file group.


Specify a product tag and revision as dash delimited.

-r, –revision REV

Specify a product revision. This will override a revision part of the current directory's name.

-x format

Specify the archive format. Must be one of the formats of swpackage.


Target, only supported target is standard output.

Next: , Previous: OPTIONS, Up: Top


The program will remove and replace a file in "." named ./catalog/. Nothing outside of './catalog/' is modified. Standard output is the target for the tar archive. When using the '-t' option an archive file is written to ../packageDirName.swigntest.tar.gz

A copy of the PSF is made in /var/tmp/swign$$. It is normally created and erased by the program.

Next: , Previous: EXTERNAL EFFECTS, Up: Top


Show the internally generated PSF to stdout. Change directory into the directory to package, then type

        swign -s. –show-psf
        # or specify a owner and group policy
        swign -s. -o 0 -g 0 –show-psf

Create a signed metadata (i.e. catalog/) directory of a live directory, for example /bin

            swign -D $HOME/checkdigest.sh -u "YourGPGNAME" -o "" -g "" @.

Generate the package (and verify it) using a PSF that you supply on standard input. Change directory into the directory to package, then type

        swign -o 0 -g 0 –show-psf | swign -s - -u "gpgName" @- | swverify -d @-

Example of directory signing and authentication.

        swign -u YourGPGName -s. –file-ownerships -D /HOME/checkdigest.sh –sign-only
        swverify -d @.
        swign  –file-ownerships -emit-only | swverify -d @-

Next: , Previous: EXAMPLES, Up: Top


After running successfully with options -S and -D FILE the following should be true (report no error).

               swverify –checksig .   # Deprecated form
               swverify -d @.     # POSIX syntax


               swign -u "your GPG Name" @- | swverify –checksig -
               swign -u "your GPG Name" @- | swverify -d @-

If a checkdigest script is included then you should unpack the package at a new location and run swverify -d @. in the new location. The

checkdigest script is a vendor extension control file that is part of the GPG signed ./catalog directory. As an implementation extension behavior the swverify program will execute this script after verification of the signature. The script may take any action at this point, but the intention is that it be used to verify the contents of the package directory using GNU tools such as md5sum, sha1sum, and tar.

If a checkdigest script is not included, then the package user will have to manually execute the commands that would have been executed by the script using the file meta-data in an authenticated INFO file. When verifying the unpacked directory form of a package, the swverify program will return an error if the checkdigest script is not present, though, it is not required for verification of the tar archive file itself using swverify.

Swign can be used to sign any directory using the file ownerships of the source files. The following commands act as a test of swpackage's ability to generate an archive identical to GNU tar. (Note: the script checkdigest.sh is found in ./bin of the source distribution.)

            swign -D $HOME/checkdigest.sh -u "Test User" -o "" -g "" -S;
            swverify -d @.

Next: , Previous: TESTING, Up: Top


A PSF that is provided using the '-s' option will be scanned for a special character sequence '%__NAME' where NAME is either 'tag' or 'revision'. 'tag' is replaced with the package name portion of the currrent directory. 'revision' is replaced with the version portion.



     # PSF.in  – INPUT file to swign
     # This file contains the replacement macros %__tag and %__revision which
     # are only processed by swign.
     # The distribution object need not have any attributes.
     # Attributes in the distribution are mostly ignored although
     # distributor control files that pertain to the distribution
     # as a whole are properly placed here.  Two examples of files
     # that are useful here are:
       AUTHORS < AUTHORS   # This places the file in ./catalog/dfiles
       COPYING < COPYING   # This places the file in ./catalog/dfiles
     # This places the checkdigest script in ./catalog/dfiles/checkdigest
     # For a description of the checkdigest script see the info document for
     # 'swbis' or the swverify manual page.
     # The checkdigest script is a verification hook for swverify used when
     # verifying the unpacked tarball (i.e. the package path name
     # prefix directory).
       checkdigest  < bin/checkdigest.sh
     # The vendor object provides attributes to describe
     # the distributor.  At this time, how these attributes
     # are used is not addressed.
     # The Vendor object is optional
        the_term_vendor_is_misleading True  # One of: True, False
        tag shortName    # Other vendor tags could be the short name of your
                              # organization name, or  your initials, etc.
        title Your Name
        qualifier author
        description "Maintainer of somepackage"
     # Most packages do not need a bundle.  At this point in swbis'
     # development 'bundles' are mostly ignored.  Bundles are meta
     # packages, it is an object that contains other bundles and
     # products whether included in this distribution tarball or not.
     # The Bundle object is optional
        tag somepackage
     # The product object contains the attributes of common
     # interest such as the description, version and name.
        description "somepackage description
     can be mult-line"
        tag %__tag                       # This is the package name
        revision %__revision             # This is the package version
        vendor_tag shortName             # Match vendor.tag above
        title "somepackage - software"
        control_directory ""             # Empty string, Important
     # The fileset object contains the files.  The tag, revision,
     # and description attributes are mostly ignored.
     # At this time swbis supports only one (1) fileset.
         tag sources
         control_directory ""   # Empty string, Important
         title somepackage source code
         description "The source distribution of somepackage"
     # file_permissions:
     # Here is an important policy.  This will cause 'swpackage'
     # to create the tar achive with all files owned by uid and
     # gid zero (0), the user name 'root' will not be included
     # in the uname and gname tar header fields.  This is similar
     # to the effect of GNU tar options –numeric –owner=root
     # –group=root .
     # To use the name and ids of the source files delete the line
     # or reset the file_permissions adding after or changing to:
     #    file_permissions -u 000
     # NOTE:  Using "file_permissions -o 0 -g 0"  is preferred
     # because it will allow the end user to more easily verify
     # the directory (unpacked) form of the package using standard
     # non-swbis tools.
     #   file_permissions -u 000  # To use ownerships of source files
         file_permissions -o 0 -g 0
     # The following two (2) lines mean include every file in the current
     # directory.
         directory .
         file *
     # You want to exclude the files in ./catalog because it
     # should not be part of the paylaod section.  This is
     # mandatory.
        exclude catalog
     # You may also want other excludes
        exclude CVS
        exclude */CVS
        # exclude .svn
        # exclude */.svn
     # End of PSF

Next: , Previous: SAMPLE SOURCE PACKAGE PSF, Up: Top



Sets the swpackage –passphrase-fd option. Set the option arg to a integer value of the file descriptor, or to "env" to read the passphrase from the environment variable SWPACKAGEPASSPHRASE, or to "agent" to cause gpg to use gpg-agent, or "tty" to read from the terminal.


Use the value as the passphrase if swpackage's –passphrase-fd is set to "env"


Sets the –gpg-home option of swpackage.


Sets the –gpg-name option of swpackage, which is turn set the –local-user option of gpg.

Next: , Previous: ENVIRONMENT, Up: Top


0 on success, non-zero on failure.

Next: , Previous: RETURN VALUE, Up: Top

1.12 FILES


Next: , Previous: FILES, Up: Top


info swbis

swpackage(8), gpg

Next: , Previous: SEE ALSO, Up: Top


      swign(1): The source directory signing utility of the swbis project.
      Author: J. Lowe jhlowe@acm.org
      Version: 1.13
      Last Updated: 2008-01
      Copying: GNU Free Documentation License


1.15 BUGS

Symbolic links in a package are problematic for verifying the unpacked form of a package since the modification time is not preserved. They have no affect on verification of the tar archive file using 'swverify'.

If a directory is signed using the '-S' option and has a file path greater than 99 chars in length then it will be unverifiable if the 'ustar0' format and GNU tar 1.13.25 was used.

Verification of the directory form of a distribution (i.e. the installed tarball path name prefix) such as running 'swverify -d @.' after running 'swign -S' will fail if the order of directory entries is not compatible with traditional Unix file system directory entry ordering. This incompatibility may be present in the Ext3, reiserFS, and DarwinOS et.al file systems.

The file ownership policy of the PSF, the checkdigest script (if any) and the command line options must agree. The default file ownership policies of this program are suited to packaged products where file user and group ownerships are not a critical feature.