\. \\!%PB \\!/showpage{}def \\!/tempdict 200 dict def tempdict begin \\!end % tempdict % \\!PE \\!. ' br \} ' br \} ' br \} ' br \}

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1 swlist" "8

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1.1 NAME

swlist List information about the software

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     swlist  [-d|-r] [-v] [-a attribute] [-l level]  [-t targetfile] \\
     [-c file] [-x option=value]  [-X options_file]  [-W option] \\
     [software_selections]  [@targets]
     swlist –products [software_selections]  [@targets]
     swlist –files  [@targets]
     swlist –dir [software_selections] [@targets]
     swlist –dependencies [–prerequisites sw_spec] \\
     [–exrequisites sw_spec] [@targets]

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swlist lists information about a distribution or installed software. Neither swlist nor any component of swbis is required on the target host, however, the target host must look like a Unix system at the shell and command-line utility level. Remote network connections are made by ssh. Ssh is the default but rsh can be selected by a command line option.

swlist operates on serial archives (e.g. compressed tar archives) or on a file system directory representing installed software. The default target directory is '/', this default is subject to user configuration.

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-a attribute

Specify an attribute to list. Only the architecture attribute is supported for installed_software at this time (MAR 2007). The returned value is determined by running GNU config.guess on the target host.


Write the catalog to FILE. Software selections are applied. The only supported FILE is '-' causing a dump of the catalog to stdout in tar format.


Specify the target is a distribution.


Read the list of software selections from FILE.


Specify a level to list. LEVEL is an enumerated list of objects: bundle, product, fileset, control_file, file (Not yet implemented)


Indicates that the operation is on installed software at a location indicated by the the target.

-t targetfile

Specify a file containing a list of targets (one per line).


List attribute value pairs in INDEX file format according to attibutes specified by the -a option, list all attributes if -a not used; or, increment the verbose level.

Note: This option is overloaded. It means two different things depending on the context. If a mode is explicitly given, then it means increment verbosity, otherwise it means list in INDEX file format.

-x option=value

Specify the extended option overriding the defaults file value.


Specify the extended options filename, FILE, overriding the default filenames. This option may be given more then once. If the resulting specified value is an empty string then reading of any options file is disabled.


Show help (Implementation extension)

-W option[,option,...]

Specify the implementation extension option. Syntax: -W option[=option_argument[,option...] Options may be separated by a comma. The implementation extension options may also be given individually using the '−−long-option[=option_arg]' syntax.


List the product's tag, revision, vendor_tag and location.


List the catalog directory entries.


List files as defined in the installed catalog


List files as exists in the file system


Run in check dependency mode. Assert dependencies against installed software catalog. Dependencies are software specs given by the –prerequisites and –extrequisites options


Specify depencency to check, may be used multiple times. Prerequisites packages are required to be installed.


Specify depencency to check, may be used multiple times. Exrequisites packages are required not to be installed.

-W remote-shell=SHELL

Defaults File Option: swbis_remote_shell_client Supported shells are "ssh" and "rsh", ssh is the default.

-W show-options-files

Show the complete list of options files and if they are found.

-W show-options

Show the options after reading the files and parsing the command line options.

-W pax-command={tar|pax|star|gtar}

Set the portable archive command for all operations. The default is "pax".

-W pax-read-command={tar|pax|star|gtar}

Set the read command for local and remote hosts.

-W remote-pax-read-command={tar|pax|star|gtar}

Defaults File Option: swbis_remote_pax_read_command
Set the read command for remote hosts. This is the command that runs on the target (e.g. pax -r, tar xpf -). The default is "pax".

-W local-pax-read-command={tar|pax|star|gtar}

Defaults File Option: swbis_local_pax_read_command
Set the read command for local hosts. This is the command that runs on the target (e.g. pax -r, tar xpf -). The default is "pax".

-W pax-write-command={tar|pax|star|gtar|swbistar}

Set the write command for local and remote hosts. This is the command that runs on the target (e.g. pax -w, tar cf -).

-W remote-pax-write-command={tar|pax|star|gtar|swbistar}

Defaults File Option: swbis_remote_pax_write_command
Set the write command for remote hosts.

-W local-pax-write-command={tar|pax|star|gtar|swbistar}

Defaults File Option: swbis_local_pax_write_command
Set the portable archive write command for local host operations. This is the command that runs on the source (e.g. pax -w, tar cf -). The default is "pax".

-W remote-pax-write-command={tar|pax|star|gtar|swbistar}

Defaults File Option: swbis_remote_pax_write_command
Set the portable archive write command for remote host operations. This is the command that runs on the source (e.g. pax -w, tar cf -). The default is "pax".

-W no-defaults

Do not read any defaults files.

-W no-getconf

Defaults File Option: swbis_no_getconf Makes the remote command be '/bin/sh -s' instead of the default 'PATH=`getconf PATH` sh -s'.

-W shell-command=NAME

Defaults File Option: swbis_shell_command NAME may be one of "detect" "bash", "sh" or "posix" and specifies the remote command run by the remote shell. "posix" is 'PATH=`getconf PATH` sh -s', "bash" is "/bin/bash -s", "sh" is "/bin/sh -s", and "ksh" is "ksh -s". The default is "posix".

-W use-getconf

Opposite of −−no-getconf.

-W source-script-name=NAME

Write the script that is written into the remote shell's stdin to NAME. This is useful for debugging.

-W target-script-name=NAME

Write the script that is written into the remote shell's stdin to NAME. This is useful for debugging.


Refer to the software objects (products, filesets) using software spec syntax. (See sw(5) for syntax).


Refers to the software_collection where the software selections are to be applied. Allows specification of host and pathname where the software collection is located. A target that contains only one part is assumed to be a hostname. To force interpretation as a path, use a absolute path or prefix with ':'.

     Source and Target Specification and Logic
                    /path  # Absolute path
               Swbis Extension:
               Swbis Multi-hop Target Extension:
                    # ':' is the target delimiter
     	       # '_' delimits a port number in the host field
                    # Using ':', a trailing colon is used to
                    # disambiguate between a host and file.
     	       # For Example,
          A more formal description:
                 | HOST_CHARACTER_STRING ':'
                 | HOST_CHARACTER_STRING
                 | ':' PATHNAME_CHARACTER_STRING   # Impl extension
            PATHNAME_CHARACTER_STRING must be an absolute path unless
                            a HOST_CHARACTER_STRING is given.  Allowing
                            a relative path is a feature of the swbis
                     NOTE: A '.' as a target is an implementation
                           extension and means extract in current
                     NOTE: A '-' indicating stdout/stdin is an
                           implementation extension.
                     NOTE: A ':' in the first character indicates a filename.
                           This is an implementation extension.
            HOST_CHARACTER_STRING is an IP or hostname.
            Copy the  distribution /var/tmp/foo.tar.gz at
                   swcopy -s /var/tmp/foo.tar.gz @
     Implementation Extension Syntax (multi ssh-hop) :
         %start   wtarget    # the Implementation Extension Target
                             # Note: a trailing ':' forces interpretation
                             # as a host, not a file.
         wtarget   : wtarget DELIM sshtarget
                   | sshtarget
                   | sshtarget DELIM
         sshtarget : user '@' target # Note: only the last target
                   | target          # may have a PATHNAME, and only a host
                   ;                 * may have a user
         target   : HOST_CHARACTER_STRING
         user     : PORTABLE_CHARACTER_STRING  # The user name
         DELIM    : ':'   # The multi-hop delimiter.

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–dependencies, –products, and –files are implementation extension modes.




1.6.1 Show the path of the installed software catalog.

       swlist –show-options | grep installed_

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1.6.2 List Product from a certain distributor

List products from a certain distributor, foo (Note: this requires that

the foo vendor uses foo_something_ as the product vendor_tag in their distributions.

       swlist v="foo*"

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1.6.3 List all products

       swlist @/   # If distribution_target_directory=/ then "swlist" alone
                   # will suffice.

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1.6.4 List products installed at alternate root /mnt/test

       swlist @/mnt/test 

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1.6.5 List the files of package foo as they exist in the file system

     swlist -vv –files –sys foo @ root@localhost

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1.6.6 List products according to a name pattern and revision, and distributor

       swlist emacs"*","r>20",v=rh"*" @/

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1.6.7 Test Dependencies

Check if a given dependency passes against a given installed catalog on a host

       swlist -x verbose=3 –depend –pre="foo*,r>=1.0,r<2" @; echo $?

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Extended options can be specified on the command line using the -x option or from the defaults file, swdefaults. Shown below is an actual portion of a defaults file which show default values.


1.7.1 POSIX

These options are set in the /usr/lib/swbis/swdefaults or the ~/.swdefaults on the local (management host, host where swlist invoked). These files on the target host are not used.

        distribution_target_directory  = /
        installed_software_catalog  = var/lib/swbis/catalog/
        one_liner                   = files|products   # Mode when -v not given
        select_local                = false      # Not Implemented
        verbose                     = 1


1.7.2 Swbis Implementation

These options are set in the /usr/lib/swbis/swbisdefaults or the ~/.swbis/swbisdefaults file.

       swlist.swbis_no_getconf = true # true or false
       swlist.swbis_shell_command = detect # {detect|sh|bash|posix|ksh}
       swlist.swbis_no_remote_kill = false # true or false
       swlist.swbis_local_pax_write_command=detect #{pax|tar|gtar|detect}
       swlist.swbis_remote_pax_write_command=detect #{pax|tar|gtar|detect}
       swlist.swbis_local_pax_read_command=tar #{pax|tar|gtar|star}
       swlist.swbis_remote_pax_read_command=tar #{pax|tar|gtar|star}

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0 if all targets succeeded, 1 if all targets failed or internal error, 2 if some targets failed and some succeeded. When checking dependencies, 3 if the given sw_specs failed as dependencies, 0 if succeeded.

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Multiple ssh-hops is an implementation extension.

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The swbis distributed utilities require bash, public domain ksh, or Sun's /usr/xpg4/bin/sh to be present on the target host. If the swbis_shell_command extended option is set to 'detect' you don't have to know which one is present, otherwise you may specify one explicitly.

A POSIX awk is required, and with the ability to specify several thousand bytes of program text as a command argument. GNU awk works, as does the ATT Awk book awk, and the awk on BSD systems. See the INSTALL file for further details regarding a small issue with the OpenSolaris (c.2006) awk.

Tar or pax is used for internally for data transfer. You may specify which one. swlist and swverify require either GNU tar or pax be present on a host. You may set auto detection for this requirement

     swlist.swbis_local_pax_write_command=detect #{pax|tar|gtar|detect}
     swlist.swbis_remote_pax_write_command=detect #{pax|tar|gtar|detect}

GNU Privacy Guard, gpg is required for verification of package signatures.

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1.11 FILES

     /var/lib/swbis/catalog # Location of installed catalog

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ISO/IEC 15068-2:1999, Open Group CAE C701

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info swbis

swbis(7), sw(5), swbisparse(1), swign(1), swverify(8)

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swlist(8): The query/listing utility of the swbis project. Author: Jim Lowe Email: jhlowe at acm.org Version: 1.13 Last Updated: 2006-07 Copying: GNU Free Documentation License


1.15 BUGS

swlist is subject to breakage if a user's account on an intermediate (or terminal) host in a target spec is not configured to use a Bourne compatible shell. (This breakage may be eliminated by use of the –no-getconf option as explained above.)

swlist does not currently implement the -v,-a options. Listing products in a distribution is not supported. Operating on a distribution in directory form is not supported. The catalog query funtions are implemented in awk and subject to its bugs.