[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]

6.3 Reading Names from a File

Instead of giving the names of files or archive members on the command line, you can put the names into a file, and then use the `--files-from=file-of-names' (`-T file-of-names') option to tar. Give the name of the file which contains the list of files to include as the argument to `--files-from'. In the list, the file names should be separated by newlines. You will frequently use this option when you have generated the list of files to archive with the find utility.

`-T file-name'

Get names to extract or create from file file-name.

If you give a single dash as a file name for `--files-from', (i.e., you specify either --files-from=- or -T -), then the file names are read from standard input.

Unless you are running tar with `--create', you can not use both --files-from=- and --file=- (-f -) in the same command.

Any number of `-T' options can be given in the command line.

The following example shows how to use find to generate a list of files smaller than 400K in length and put that list into a file called `small-files'. You can then use the `-T' option to tar to specify the files from that file, `small-files', to create the archive `little.tgz'. (The `-z' option to tar compresses the archive with gzip; see section Creating and Reading Compressed Archives for more information.)

$ find . -size -400 -print > small-files
$ tar -c -v -z -T small-files -f little.tgz

In the file list given by `-T' option, any file name beginning with `-' character is considered a tar option and is processed accordingly(14). For example, the common use of this feature is to change to another directory by specifying `-C' option:

$ cat list
$ tar -c -f foo.tar --files-from list

In this example, tar will first switch to `/etc' directory and add files `passwd' and `hosts' to the archive. Then it will change to `/lib' directory and will archive the file `libc.a'. Thus, the resulting archive `foo.tar' will contain:

$ tar tf foo.tar

If you happen to have a file whose name starts with `-', precede it with `--add-file' option to prevent it from being recognized as an option. For example: --add-file=--my-file.

[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]

This document was generated on July, 28 2014 using texi2html 1.76.