A parameter object is a procedure that is bound to a location, and may optionally have a conversion procedure. The procedure accepts zero or one argument. When the procedure is called with zero arguments, the content of the location is returned. On a call with one argument the content of the location is updated with the result of applying the parameter object’s conversion procedure to the argument.
Parameter objects are created with the
which takes one or two arguments. The second argument is a one
argument conversion procedure. If only one argument is passed to
make-parameter the identity function is used as a conversion
A new location is created and asociated with the
parameter object. The initial content of the location is the
result of applying the conversion procedure to the first argument of
Note that the conversion procedure can be used for guaranteeing the type of the parameter object’s binding and/or to perform some conversion of the value.
parameterize special form, when given a parameter object
and a value, binds the parameter
object to a new location for the dynamic extent of its body.
The initial content of the location is the result of
applying the parameter object’s conversion procedure to the value. The
parameterize special form behaves analogously to
when binding more than one parameter object (that is the order of
evaluation is unspecified and the new bindings are only visible in the
body of the parameterize special form).
When a new thread is created using
then the child thread inherits initial values from its parent.
Once the child is running, changing the value in the child does not
affect the value in the parent or vice versa.
(In the past this was not the case: The child would share a location
with the parent except within a
This was changed to avoid unsafe and inefficient coupling between threads.)
fluid-let have similar
binding and sharing behavior.
The difference is that
fluid-let modifies locations
accessed by name, while
create anonymous locations accessed by calling a parameter procedure.
The R5RS procedures
are parameter objects.
Returns a new parameter object which is bound in the global dynamic
environment to a location containing the value returned by the call
(converter init). If the conversion procedure
converter is not specified the identity function is used instead.
The parameter object is a procedure which accepts zero or one
argument. When it is called with no argument, the content of the
location bound to this parameter object in the current dynamic
environment is returned. When it is called with one argument, the
content of the location is set to the result of the call
(converter arg), where arg is the argument
passed to the parameter object, and an unspecified value is returned.
(define radix (make-parameter 10)) (define write-shared (make-parameter #f (lambda (x) (if (boolean? x) x (error "only booleans are accepted by write-shared"))))) (radix) ⇒ 10 (radix 2) (radix) ⇒ 2 (write-shared 0) gives an error (define prompt (make-parameter 123 (lambda (x) (if (string? x) x (with-output-to-string (lambda () (write x))))))) (prompt) ⇒ "123" (prompt ">") (prompt) ⇒ ">"
The expressions expr1 and expr2 are evaluated in an
unspecified order. The value of the expr1 expressions must be
parameter objects. For each expr1 expression and in an
unspecified order, the local dynamic environment is extended with a
binding of the parameter object expr1 to a new location whose
content is the result of the call
where val is the value of expr2 and converter is the
conversion procedure of the parameter object. The resulting dynamic
environment is then used for the evaluation of body (which
refers to the R5RS grammar nonterminal of that name). The result(s) of
the parameterize form are the result(s) of the body.
(radix) ⇒ 2 (parameterize ((radix 16)) (radix)) ⇒ 16 (radix) ⇒ 2 (define (f n) (number->string n (radix))) (f 10) ⇒ "1010" (parameterize ((radix 8)) (f 10)) ⇒ "12" (parameterize ((radix 8) (prompt (f 10))) (prompt)) ⇒ "1010"