Based on what operations you have performed on a
checked out file, and what operations others have
performed to that file in the repository, one can
classify a file in a number of states. The states, as
reported by the
status command, are:
The file is identical with the latest revision in the repository for the branch in use.
You have edited the file, and not yet committed your changes.
You have added the file with
add, and not yet
committed your changes.
You have removed the file with
remove, and not yet
committed your changes.
Someone else has committed a newer revision to the
repository. The name is slightly misleading; you will
update rather than
checkout to get that newer revision.
Like Needs Checkout, but the CVS server will send a patch rather than the entire file. Sending a patch or sending an entire file accomplishes the same thing.
Someone else has committed a newer revision to the repository, and you have also made modifications to the file.
A file with the same name as this new file has been added to the repository
from a second workspace. This file will need to be moved out of the way
to allow an
update to complete.
This is like Locally Modified, except that a previous
update command gave a conflict. If you have not
already done so, you need to
resolve the conflict as described in Conflicts example.
CVS doesn’t know anything about this file. For
example, you have created a new file and have not run
To help clarify the file status,
Working revision which is the
revision that the file in the working directory derives
from, and the
Repository revision which is the
latest revision in the repository for the branch in
The options to
status are listed in
Invoking CVS. For information on its
Sticky date output, see Sticky tags.
For information on its
Sticky options output,
see the ‘-k’ option in update options.
You can think of the
commands as somewhat complementary. You use
update to bring your files up to date, and you
status to give you some idea of what an
update would do (of course, the state of the
repository might change before you actually run
update). In fact, if you want a command to
display file status in a more brief format than is
displayed by the
status command, you can invoke
$ cvs -n -q update
The ‘-n’ option means to not actually do the
update, but merely to display statuses; the ‘-q’
option avoids printing the name of each directory. For
more information on the
update command, and
these options, see Invoking CVS.