24.4. Function LOAD

LOAD accepts four additional keyword arguments :ECHO, :COMPILING, :EXTRA-FILE-TYPES, and :OBSOLETE-ACTION.

                    ((:PRINT *LOAD-PRINT*) *LOAD-PRINT*)
causes LOAD to emit a short message that a file is being loaded. The default is *LOAD-VERBOSE*, which is initially T, but can be changed by the -v option.
causes LOAD to print the value of each form. The default is *LOAD-PRINT*, which is initially NIL, but can be changed by the -v option.
causes the input from the file to be echoed to *STANDARD-OUTPUT* (normally to the screen). Should there be an error in the file, you can see at one glance where it is. The default is CUSTOM:*LOAD-ECHO* , which is initially NIL, but can be changed by the -v option.
causes each form read to be compiled on the fly. The compiled code is executed at once and - in contrast to COMPILE-FILE - not written to a file. The default is CUSTOM:*LOAD-COMPILING* , which is initially NIL, but can be changed by the -C option.

Specifies the LIST of additional file types considered for loading, in addition to CUSTOM:*SOURCE-FILE-TYPES* (which is initially ("lisp" "lsp" "cl")) and CUSTOM:*COMPILED-FILE-TYPES* (which is initially ("fas")).

When filename does not specify a unique file (e.g., filename is #P"foo" and both #P"foo.lisp" and #P"foo.fas" are found in the CUSTOM:*LOAD-PATHS*), then the newest file is loaded.


Specifies the action to take when loading a #P".fas" with a different bytecode version from the one supported by this CLISP version. The possible actions are

delete the #P".fas" and proceed as with NIL
recompile the source file (if found in CUSTOM:*LOAD-PATHS*) and LOAD the result
NIL (default)
WARN and look for another matching file

If no file can be loaded and :IF-DOES-NOT-EXIST is non-NIL, an ERROR is SIGNALed. The default is CUSTOM:*LOAD-OBSOLETE-ACTION* , which is initially NIL.

The variables *LOAD-VERBOSE*, *LOAD-PRINT*, CUSTOM:*LOAD-OBSOLETE-ACTION*, CUSTOM:*LOAD-COMPILING*, and CUSTOM:*LOAD-ECHO* are bound by LOAD when it receives a corresponding keyword argument (:VERBOSE, :PRINT, :OBSOLETE-ACTION, :COMPILING, and :ECHO), i.e., these arguments are recursive, just like the arguments :WARNINGS, :VERBOSE, and :PRINT for COMPILE-FILE.

When evaluation of a read form SIGNALs an ERROR, three RESTARTs are available:

Skip this form and read the next one.
Try to evaluate this form again.
Stop loading the file.

Variable CUSTOM:*LOAD-PATHS*. The variable CUSTOM:*LOAD-PATHS* contains a list of directories where the files are looked for - in addition to the specified or current directory - by LOAD, REQUIRE, COMPILE-FILE and LOAD-LOGICAL-PATHNAME-TRANSLATIONS.

These notes document CLISP version 2.49Last modified: 2010-07-07