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14.3.6.1 Collating Symbol Operators ([. ... .])

Collating symbols can be represented inside lists. You form a collating symbol by putting a collating element between an open-collating-symbol operator and a close-collating-symbol operator. ‘[.’ represents the open-collating-symbol operator and ‘.]’ represents the close-collating-symbol operator. For example, if ‘ll’ is a collating element, then ‘[[.ll.]]’ would match ‘ll’.