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7.3.5 Transfer Codings

HTTP 1.1 allows for various transfer codings to be applied to message bodies. These include various types of compression, and HTTP chunked encoding. Currently, only chunked encoding is supported by guile.

Chunked coding is an optional coding that may be applied to message bodies, to allow messages whose length is not known beforehand to be returned. Such messages can be split into chunks, terminated by a final zero length chunk.

In order to make dealing with encodings more simple, guile provides procedures to create ports that “wrap” existing ports, applying transformations transparently under the hood.

These procedures are in the (web http) module.

(use-modules (web http))
Scheme Procedure: make-chunked-input-port port [#:keep-alive?=#f]

Returns a new port, that transparently reads and decodes chunk-encoded data from port. If no more chunk-encoded data is available, it returns the end-of-file object. When the port is closed, port will also be closed, unless keep-alive? is true.

(use-modules (ice-9 rdelim))

(define s "5\r\nFirst\r\nA\r\n line\n Sec\r\n8\r\nond line\r\n0\r\n")
(define p (make-chunked-input-port (open-input-string s)))
(read-line s)
⇒ "First line"
(read-line s)
⇒ "Second line"
Scheme Procedure: make-chunked-output-port port [#:keep-alive?=#f]

Returns a new port, which transparently encodes data as chunk-encoded before writing it to port. Whenever a write occurs on this port, it buffers it, until the port is flushed, at which point it writes a chunk containing all the data written so far. When the port is closed, the data remaining is written to port, as is the terminating zero chunk. It also causes port to be closed, unless keep-alive? is true.

Note. Forcing a chunked output port when there is no data is buffered does not write a zero chunk, as this would cause the data to be interpreted incorrectly by the client.

  (lambda (out)
    (define out* (make-chunked-output-port out #:keep-alive? #t))
    (display "first chunk" out*)
    (force-output out*)
    (force-output out*) ; note this does not write a zero chunk
    (display "second chunk" out*)
    (close-port out*)))
⇒ "b\r\nfirst chunk\r\nc\r\nsecond chunk\r\n0\r\n"

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