gnu.jel
Class Library

java.lang.Object
  extended by gnu.jel.Library

public class Library
extends Object

A namespace for JEL expressions.

There are two types of members in the library, those which are stateless (i.e. their value depends only on their arguments, if there are any) and stateful (also called here dynamic). The result of evaluation of stateful members may depend on other factors besides their arguments.

Examples of possible stateless members are : Math.sin(double), Math.PI.

Examples of possible stateful members are : Math.random(), System.currentTimeMillis().

Stateless members of this library are always static members of the classes, which define them. The inverse is generally not true. However, this library goes as far as assuming that static members are stateless, if this assumption does not hold for some of Your members it is possible to mark them as stateful using the markStateDependent() method of this class.

The most crucial difference between the two kind of members of this library is that evaluation of stateless methods is attempted by JEL at a compile time during the constants folding phase.


Field Summary
 HashMap<String,Class> cnmap
           
 DVMap resolver
           
 
Constructor Summary
Library(Class[] staticLib, Class[] dynamicLib)
          Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.
Library(Class[] staticLib, Class[] dynamicLib, Class[] dotClasses)
          Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.
Library(Class[] staticLib, Class[] dynamicLib, Class[] dotClasses, DVMap resolver)
          Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.
Library(Class[] staticLib, Class[] dynamicLib, Class[] dotClasses, DVMap resolver, HashMap<String,Class> cnmap)
          Creates a library for JEL.
 
Method Summary
protected static String describe(String name, Class[] params)
           
 int getDynamicMethodClassID(Member m)
          Returns ID (position in the object array) of the dynamic method.
 Member getMember(Class container, String name, Class[] params)
          Searches the namespace defined by this library object for method or field.
static Class[] getParameterTypes(Member m)
          Used to get types of formal parameters of a member.
static String getSignature(Class cls)
          Computes the signature of the given class.
static String getSignature(Member m)
          Computes signature of the given member.
static Class getType(Member m)
          Used to get return type of a class member.
static boolean isField(Member m)
           
 boolean isStateless(Member o)
          Used to check if the given method is stateless.
 void markStateDependent(String name, Class[] params)
          This method marks a static member as having the internal state.
static String toHistoricalForm(String className)
           
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

resolver

public DVMap resolver

cnmap

public HashMap<String,Class> cnmap
Constructor Detail

Library

@Deprecated
public Library(Class[] staticLib,
                          Class[] dynamicLib)
Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.

Creates a library for JEL.

See the three argument constructor for more info.

Parameters:
staticLib - is the array of classes, whose public static methods are exported.
dynamicLib - is the array of classes, whose public virutal methods are exported.

Library

@Deprecated
public Library(Class[] staticLib,
                          Class[] dynamicLib,
                          Class[] dotClasses)
Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.

Creates a library for JEL.

See the three argument constructor for more info.

Parameters:
staticLib - is the array of classes, whose public static methods are exported.
dynamicLib - is the array of classes, whose public virutal methods are exported.
dotClasses - Controls access to the "dot" operator on classes.

Library

@Deprecated
public Library(Class[] staticLib,
                          Class[] dynamicLib,
                          Class[] dotClasses,
                          DVMap resolver)
Deprecated. Please us 5 argument constructor with unused arguments set to null. This constructor is scheduled for removal in JEL 1.0.

Creates a library for JEL.

See the three argument constructor for more info.

Parameters:
staticLib - is the array of classes, whose public static methods are exported.
dynamicLib - is the array of classes, whose public virutal methods are exported.
dotClasses - Controls access to the "dot" operator on classes.
resolver - Controls resolution of dynamic variables.

Library

public Library(Class[] staticLib,
               Class[] dynamicLib,
               Class[] dotClasses,
               DVMap resolver,
               HashMap<String,Class> cnmap)
Creates a library for JEL.

The following should be kept in mind when constructing a library:

  1. This constructor may throw IllegalArgumentException if it does not like something in Your library. The requirements to the method names are somewhat more strict, than in Java because members of several classes can be merged in root namespace.
  2. When calling the CompiledExpression.evaluate(Object[] dynalib) of the expression, using dynamic library methods it is needed to pass as dynalib parameter the array of objects, of the classes _exactly_ in the same order as they are appearing in the dynamicLib parameter of this constructor. If You do not allow to call dynamic methods (there is no sense, then, to use a compiler) it is possible to pass null istead of dynalib.
  3. Generally speaking, this class should not let You to create wrong libraries. It's methods will throw exceptions, return false's , ignore Your actions,... ;)
If methods in the library classes conflict with each other, the last conflicting method will be skipped. You will not get any messages unless debugging is ON (see gnu.jel.debug.Debug.enabled). This is done to avoid unnecessary error messages in the production code of the compiler.

The array (dotClasses), which is the third argument of this constructor determines how (and whether) to compile the dot operators encountered in expressions. These operators are of the form <object>.(<method>|<field>), which means to call method (access field) of an <object>. There can be three types of the behaviour:

1) dot operators are prohibited (dotClasses==null), this is behaviour of older version of JEL.

2) dot operators are allowed on all classes (dotClasses==new Class[0], an empty array). Depending on the types of objects returned by the static/dynamic library classes this may pose a security risk.

3) dot operators are allowed only on some classes. This is achieved by listing these classes in the dotClasses array.

Parameters:
staticLib - is the array of classes, whose public static methods are exported.
dynamicLib - is the array of classes, whose public virutal methods are exported.
dotClasses - is the array of classes on which the dot ('.') operation is allowed.
resolver - is the object used to resolve the names.
cnmap - Maps class names into classes for non-primitive type casts.
Method Detail

markStateDependent

public void markStateDependent(String name,
                               Class[] params)
                        throws CompilationException
This method marks a static member as having the internal state.

If java.lang.Math is included into the library it is necessary to mark java.lang.Math.random() as having the state. This can be done by calling markStateDependent("random",null).

Please specify parameters as close as possible, otherwise you can accidentally mark another function.

Parameters:
name - is the function name.
params - are the possible invocation parameters of the function.
Throws:
CompilationException - if the method can't be resolved

isStateless

public boolean isStateless(Member o)
Used to check if the given method is stateless.

Parameters:
o - is method or field to check.
Returns:
true if the method is stateless and can be invoked at compile time.

getMember

public Member getMember(Class container,
                        String name,
                        Class[] params)
                 throws CompilationException
Searches the namespace defined by this library object for method or field.

The method with the same name, and closest (convertible) parameter types is returned. If there are several methods the most specific one is used.

Ambiguities are detected. Example of detectable ambiguity:
you ask for a call someName(int, int), but there are two applicable methods someName(int, double) and someName(double, int). Requirements to parameter types of both can be satisfied by _widening_ conversions. Thus, there is no most specific method of these two in terms of Java Language Specification (15.11.2.2). It means, that an ambiguity is present, and null will be returned.

Java compiler normally would not allow to define such ambiguous methods in the same class. However, as this library is assembled from several Java classes, such ambiguities can happen, and should be detected.

Parameters:
container - the class to search the method within, if null the root namespace is searched.
name - is the name of the method to find.
params - are the types of formal parameters in the method invocation.
Returns:
the method/field object of the resolved method/field.
Throws:
CompilationException - if the method can't be resolved

describe

protected static String describe(String name,
                                 Class[] params)

getDynamicMethodClassID

public int getDynamicMethodClassID(Member m)
Returns ID (position in the object array) of the dynamic method.

ID's are used to locate the pointers to the objects, implementing dynamic methods, in the array, argument of evaluate(Object[]) function.

Parameters:
m - method to get an ID of.
Returns:
the ID of the method or -1 if the method is static.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if method is not a dynamic method of this library.

getType

public static Class getType(Member m)
Used to get return type of a class member.

The type of a method is its return type, the type of a constructor is void.

Parameters:
m - member whose type is to be determined
Returns:
type of the member

getParameterTypes

public static Class[] getParameterTypes(Member m)
Used to get types of formal parameters of a member.

The reference to the class instance "this" is not counted by this method.

Parameters:
m - member whose formal parameters are to be obtained
Returns:
array of formal parameter types (empty array if none).

getSignature

public static String getSignature(Member m)
Computes signature of the given member.

Parameters:
m - the member to compute the sugnature of.
Returns:
the signature.

isField

public static boolean isField(Member m)

getSignature

public static String getSignature(Class cls)
Computes the signature of the given class.

The signature of the class (Field descriptor) is the string and it's format is described in the paragraph 4.3.2 of the Java VM specification (ISBN 0-201-63451-1).

The same can be done using java.lang.Class.getName() by converting it's result into the "historical form".

This utility method can be used outside of the JEL package it does not involve any JEL specific assumptions and should follow JVM Specification precisely.

Parameters:
cls - is the class to compute the signature of. Can be primitive or array type.
Returns:
the class signature.

toHistoricalForm

public static String toHistoricalForm(String className)


Copyright © 1998-2009 Konstantin L. Metlov All Rights Reserved.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the JEL manual.