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15.2 FREQUENCIES

     FREQUENCIES
             /VARIABLES=var_list
             /FORMAT={TABLE,NOTABLE,LIMIT(limit)}
                     {AVALUE,DVALUE,AFREQ,DFREQ}
             /MISSING={EXCLUDE,INCLUDE}
             /STATISTICS={DEFAULT,MEAN,SEMEAN,MEDIAN,MODE,STDDEV,VARIANCE,
                          KURTOSIS,SKEWNESS,RANGE,MINIMUM,MAXIMUM,SUM,
                          SESKEWNESS,SEKURTOSIS,ALL,NONE}
             /NTILES=ntiles
             /PERCENTILES=percent...
             /HISTOGRAM=[MINIMUM(x_min)] [MAXIMUM(x_max)]
                        [{FREQ[(y_max)],PERCENT[(y_max)]}] [{NONORMAL,NORMAL}]
             /PIECHART=[MINIMUM(x_min)] [MAXIMUM(x_max)]
                       [{FREQ,PERCENT}] [{NOMISSING,MISSING}]
     
     (These options are not currently implemented.)
             /BARCHART=...
             /HBAR=...
             /GROUPED=...

The FREQUENCIES procedure outputs frequency tables for specified variables. FREQUENCIES can also calculate and display descriptive statistics (including median and mode) and percentiles, FREQUENCIES can also output histograms and pie charts.

The VARIABLES subcommand is the only required subcommand. Specify the variables to be analyzed.

The FORMAT subcommand controls the output format. It has several possible settings:

The MISSING subcommand controls the handling of user-missing values. When EXCLUDE, the default, is set, user-missing values are not included in frequency tables or statistics. When INCLUDE is set, user-missing are included. System-missing values are never included in statistics, but are listed in frequency tables.

The available STATISTICS are the same as available in DESCRIPTIVES (see DESCRIPTIVES), with the addition of MEDIAN, the data's median value, and MODE, the mode. (If there are multiple modes, the smallest value is reported.) By default, the mean, standard deviation of the mean, minimum, and maximum are reported for each variable.

PERCENTILES causes the specified percentiles to be reported. The percentiles should be presented at a list of numbers between 0 and 100 inclusive. The NTILES subcommand causes the percentiles to be reported at the boundaries of the data set divided into the specified number of ranges. For instance, /NTILES=4 would cause quartiles to be reported.

The HISTOGRAM subcommand causes the output to include a histogram for each specified numeric variable. The X axis by default ranges from the minimum to the maximum value observed in the data, but the MINIMUM and MAXIMUM keywords can set an explicit range. Specify NORMAL to superimpose a normal curve on the histogram. Histograms are not created for string variables.

The PIECHART subcommand adds a pie chart for each variable to the data. Each slice represents one value, with the size of the slice proportional to the value's frequency. By default, all non-missing values are given slices. The MINIMUM and MAXIMUM keywords can be used to limit the displayed slices to a given range of values. The MISSING keyword adds slices for missing values.

The FREQ and PERCENT options on HISTOGRAM and PIECHART are accepted but not currently honoured.