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40.2 Simple Packages

A simple package consists of a single Emacs Lisp source file. The file must conform to the Emacs Lisp library header conventions (see Library Headers). The package's attributes are taken from the various headers, as illustrated by the following example:

     ;;; superfrobnicator.el --- Frobnicate and bifurcate flanges
     
     ;; Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     
     ;; Author: J. R. Hacker <jrh@example.com>
     ;; Version: 1.3
     ;; Package-Requires: ((flange "1.0"))
     ;; Keywords: frobnicate
     
     ...
     
     ;;; Commentary:
     
     ;; This package provides a minor mode to frobnicate and/or
     ;; bifurcate any flanges you desire.  To activate it, just type
     ...
     
     ;;;###autoload
     (define-minor-mode superfrobnicator-mode
     ...

The name of the package is the same as the base name of the file, as written on the first line. Here, it is ‘superfrobnicator’.

The brief description is also taken from the first line. Here, it is ‘Frobnicate and bifurcate flanges’.

The version number comes from the ‘Package-Version’ header, if it exists, or from the ‘Version’ header otherwise. One or the other must be present. Here, the version number is 1.3.

If the file has a ‘;;; Commentary:’ section, this section is used as the long description. (When displaying the description, Emacs omits the ‘;;; Commentary:’ line, as well as the leading comment characters in the commentary itself.)

If the file has a ‘Package-Requires’ header, that is used as the package dependencies. In the above example, the package depends on the ‘flange’ package, version 1.0 or higher. See Library Headers, for a description of the ‘Package-Requires’ header. If the header is omitted, the package has no dependencies.

The file ought to also contain one or more autoload magic comments, as explained in Packaging Basics. In the above example, a magic comment autoloads superfrobnicator-mode.

See Package Archives, for a explanation of how to add a single-file package to a package archive.