When the syntax table is not flexible enough to specify the syntax of
a language, you can override the syntax table for specific character
occurrences in the buffer, by applying a
property. See Text Properties, for how to apply text properties.
The valid values of
syntax-table text property are:
If the property value is a syntax table, that table is used instead of the current buffer’s syntax table to determine the syntax for the underlying text character.
(syntax-code . matching-char)
A cons cell of this format is a raw syntax descriptor (see Syntax Table Internals), which directly specifies a syntax class for the underlying text character.
If the property is
nil, the character’s syntax is determined from
the current syntax table in the usual way.
If this is non-
nil, the syntax scanning functions, like
forward-sexp, pay attention to
properties. Otherwise they use only the current syntax table.
This variable, if non-
nil, should store a function for applying
syntax-table properties to a specified stretch of text. It is
intended to be used by major modes to install a function which applies
syntax-table properties in some mode-appropriate way.
The function is called by
syntax-ppss (see Position Parse),
and by Font Lock mode during syntactic fontification (see Syntactic Font Lock). It is called with two arguments, start and
end, which are the starting and ending positions of the text on
which it should act. It is allowed to call
syntax-ppss on any
position before end, but if a Lisp program calls
syntax-ppss on some position and later modifies the buffer at
some earlier position, then it is that program’s responsibility to
syntax-ppss-flush-cache to flush the now obsolete info
from the cache.
Caution: When this variable is non-
nil, Emacs removes
syntax-table text properties arbitrarily and relies on
syntax-propertize-function to reapply them. Thus if this
facility is used at all, the function must apply all
syntax-table text properties used by the major mode. In
particular, Modes derived from a CC Mode mode must not use this
variable, since CC Mode uses other means to apply and remove these
This abnormal hook is run by the syntax parsing code prior to calling
syntax-propertize-function. Its role is to help locate safe
starting and ending buffer positions for passing to
syntax-propertize-function. For example, a major mode can add
a function to this hook to identify multi-line syntactic constructs,
and ensure that the boundaries do not fall in the middle of one.
Each function in this hook should accept two arguments, start
and end. It should return either a cons cell of two adjusted
(new-start . new-end), or
nil if no adjustment is necessary. The hook functions are run
in turn, repeatedly, until they all return