The immediately available programs in a user’s desktop come from a group of programs called a “desktop environment”; it usually includes the window manager, a web browser, a text editor, and more. The most common free desktop environments are KDE, GNOME, and Xfce.
The locale used by GUI programs of the desktop environment can be specified in a configuration screen called “control center”, “language settings” or “country settings”.
Individual GUI programs that are not part of the desktop environment can have their locale specified either in a settings panel, or through environment variables.
For some programs, it is possible to specify the locale through environment
variables, possibly even to a different locale than the desktop’s locale.
This means, instead of starting a program through a menu or from the file
system, you can start it from the command-line, after having set some
environment variables. The environment variables can be those specified
in the next section (Setting the Locale through Environment Variables); for some versions of
KDE, however, the locale is specified through a variable