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A.1 Usual Language Codes

For the commonly used languages, the ISO 639-1 standard defines two-letter codes.

aa

Afar.

ab

Abkhazian.

ae

Avestan.

af

Afrikaans.

ak

Akan.

am

Amharic.

an

Aragonese.

ar

Arabic.

as

Assamese.

av

Avaric.

ay

Aymara.

az

Azerbaijani.

ba

Bashkir.

be

Belarusian.

bg

Bulgarian.

bh

Bihari languages.

bi

Bislama.

bm

Bambara.

bn

Bengali.

bo

Tibetan.

br

Breton.

bs

Bosnian.

ca

Catalan; Valencian.

ce

Chechen.

ch

Chamorro.

co

Corsican.

cr

Cree.

cs

Czech.

cu

Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic.

cv

Chuvash.

cy

Welsh.

da

Danish.

de

German.

dv

Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian.

dz

Dzongkha.

ee

Ewe.

el

Greek, Modern (1453-).

en

English.

eo

Esperanto.

es

Spanish; Castilian.

et

Estonian.

eu

Basque.

fa

Persian.

ff

Fulah.

fi

Finnish.

fj

Fijian.

fo

Faroese.

fr

French.

fy

Western Frisian.

ga

Irish.

gd

Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic.

gl

Galician.

gn

Guarani.

gu

Gujarati.

gv

Manx.

ha

Hausa.

he

Hebrew.

hi

Hindi.

ho

Hiri Motu.

hr

Croatian.

ht

Haitian; Haitian Creole.

hu

Hungarian.

hy

Armenian.

hz

Herero.

ia

Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association).

id

Indonesian.

ie

Interlingue; Occidental.

ig

Igbo.

ii

Sichuan Yi; Nuosu.

ik

Inupiak.

io

Ido.

is

Icelandic.

it

Italian.

iu

Inuktitut.

ja

Japanese.

jv

Javanese.

ka

Georgian.

kg

Kongo.

ki

Kikuyu; Gikuyu.

kj

Kuanyama; Kwanyama.

kk

Kazakh.

kl

Kalaallisut; Greenlandic.

km

Central Khmer.

kn

Kannada.

ko

Korean.

kr

Kanuri.

ks

Kashmiri.

ku

Kurdish.

kv

Komi.

kw

Cornish.

ky

Kirghiz; Kyrgyz.

la

Latin.

lb

Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch.

lg

Ganda.

li

Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish.

ln

Lingala.

lo

Lao.

lt

Lithuanian.

lu

Luba-Katanga.

lv

Latvian.

mg

Malagasy.

mh

Marshallese.

mi

Maori.

mk

Macedonian.

ml

Malayalam.

mn

Mongolian.

mr

Marathi.

ms

Malay.

mt

Maltese.

my

Burmese.

na

Nauru.

nb

Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål.

nd

Ndebele, North; North Ndebele.

ne

Nepali.

ng

Ndonga.

nl

Dutch; Flemish.

nn

Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian.

no

Norwegian.

nr

Ndebele, South; South Ndebele.

nv

Navajo; Navaho.

ny

Chichewa; Nyanja.

oc

Occitan (post 1500); Provençal.

oj

Ojibwa.

om

Oromo.

or

Oriya.

os

Ossetian; Ossetic.

pa

Panjabi; Punjabi.

pi

Pali.

pl

Polish.

ps

Pushto; Pashto.

pt

Portuguese.

qu

Quechua.

rm

Romansh.

rn

Rundi.

ro

Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan.

ru

Russian.

rw

Kinyarwanda.

sa

Sanskrit.

sc

Sardinian.

sd

Sindhi.

se

Northern Sami.

sg

Sango.

si

Sinhala; Sinhalese.

sk

Slovak.

sl

Slovenian.

sm

Samoan.

sn

Shona.

so

Somali.

sq

Albanian.

sr

Serbian.

ss

Swati.

st

Sotho, Southern.

su

Sundanese.

sv

Swedish.

sw

Swahili.

ta

Tamil.

te

Telugu.

tg

Tajik.

th

Thai.

ti

Tigrinya.

tk

Turkmen.

tl

Tagalog.

tn

Tswana.

to

Tonga (Tonga Islands).

tr

Turkish.

ts

Tsonga.

tt

Tatar.

tw

Twi.

ty

Tahitian.

ug

Uighur; Uyghur.

uk

Ukrainian.

ur

Urdu.

uz

Uzbek.

ve

Venda.

vi

Vietnamese.

vo

Volapük.

wa

Walloon.

wo

Wolof.

xh

Xhosa.

yi

Yiddish.

yo

Yoruba.

za

Zhuang; Chuang.

zh

Chinese.

zu

Zulu.


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