Totals and Subtotals

CATEGORIES also controls display of totals and subtotals. By default, or with TOTAL=NO, totals are not displayed. Use TOTAL=YES to display a total. By default, the total is labeled “Total”; use LABEL="label" to override it.

Subtotals are also not displayed by default. To add one or more subtotals, use an explicit category list and insert SUBTOTAL or HSUBTOTAL in the position or positions where the subtotal should appear. The subtotal becomes an extra row or column or layer. HSUBTOTAL additionally hides the categories that make up the subtotal. Either way, the default label is “Subtotal”, use SUBTOTAL="label" or HSUBTOTAL="label" to specify a custom label.

The following example syntax and output show how to use TOTAL=YES and SUBTOTAL:

    /TABLE freqOfDriving
                                         MISSING, SUBTOTAL='Missing Total']
                                        TOTAL=YES LABEL='Overall Total'.
Custom Tables
1. How often do you usually drive a car or other motor vehicle? Every day 4667
Several days a week 1274
Once a week or less 361
Only certain times a year 130
Never 540
Valid Total 6972
Don't know 8
Refused 19
Missing Total 27
Overall Total 6999

By default, or with POSITION=AFTER, totals are displayed in the output after the last category and subtotals apply to categories that precede them. With POSITION=BEFORE, totals come before the first category and subtotals apply to categories that follow them.

Only categorical variables may have totals and subtotals. Scalar variables may be “totaled” indirectly by enabling totals and subtotals on a categorical variable within which the scalar variable is summarized. For example, the following syntax produces a mean, count, and valid count across all data by adding a total on the categorical region variable, as shown:

CTABLES /TABLE=region > monthDaysMin1drink [MEAN, VALIDN]
Custom Tables
Mean Count Valid N
20. On how many of the thirty days in this typical month did you have one or more alcoholic beverages to drink? Region NE 5.6 1409 945
MW 5.0 1654 1026
S 6.0 2390 1285
W 6.5 1546 953
All regions 5.8 6999 4209

By default, PSPP uses the same summary functions for totals and subtotals as other categories. To summarize totals and subtotals differently, specify the summary functions for totals and subtotals after the ordinary summary functions inside a nested set of [] following TOTALS. For example, the following syntax displays COUNT for individual categories and totals and VALIDN for totals, as shown:

    /TABLE isLicensedDriver [COUNT, TOTALS[COUNT, VALIDN]]
Custom Tables
Count Valid N
D7a. Are you a licensed driver; that is, do you have a valid driver's license? Yes 6379
No 572
Don't know 4
Refused 44
Total 6999 6951