Ed - A line-oriented text editor
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GNU ed is a line-oriented text editor. It is used to create, display,
modify and otherwise manipulate text files, both interactively and via
shell scripts. A restricted version of ed, red, can only edit files in
the current directory and cannot execute shell commands. Ed is the
"standard" text editor in the sense that it is the original editor for
Unix, and thus widely available. For most purposes, however, it is
superseded by full-screen editors such as
GNU Emacs or
The manual is available in the info system of the GNU
Operating System. Use info to access the top level info
page. Use info ed to access the ed section directly.
An online manual for ed can be found
The latest released version of GNU ed can be found at
or in the subdirectory
/gnu/ed/ on your favorite
For other ways to obtain ed, please read
to get GNU Software. The latest released version will be the most
recent version available at
Old versions and testing versions can be found at
How to Get Help
For general discussion of bugs in ed the mailing list
is the most appropriate forum. Please send messages as plain text.
Please do not send messages encoded as HTML nor encoded as base64 MIME
nor included as multiple formats. Please include a descriptive subject
line. If all of the subject are "bug in ed" it is impossible to
An archive of the bug report mailing list is available at
How to Help
To contact the author, either to report a bug or to contribute fixes or
improvements, send mail to
Please send messages as plain text. If posting patches they should be in
unified diff format against the latest version. They should include a
See also the
project page at Savannah.
Return to GNU's home page.
Please send FSF & GNU inquiries & questions to
email@example.com. There are also
other ways to contact
Please send comments on this particular web page to
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send other questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth
Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is
permitted in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.
Updated: $Date: 2012/01/01 21:52:34 $ $Author: antonio $