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GNU ed is a line-oriented text editor. It is used to create, display, modify and otherwise manipulate text files, both interactively and via shell scripts. A restricted version of ed, red, can only edit files in the current directory and cannot execute shell commands. Ed is the 'standard' text editor in the sense that it is the original editor for Unix, and thus widely available. For most purposes, however, it is superseded by full-screen editors such as GNU Emacs or GNU Moe.
The manual is available in the info system of the GNU Operating System. Use info to access the top level info page. Use info ed to access the ed section directly.
An online manual for ed can be found at manual/ed_manual.html.
The latest released version of GNU ed can be found at
or in the subdirectory
/gnu/ed/ on your favorite
For other ways to obtain ed, please read
to get GNU Software. The latest released version will be the most
recent version available at
To decompress ed tarballs you may need lzip from
Then use "
tar -xf ed[version].tar.lz" or
lzip -cd ed[version].tar.lz | tar -xf -"
to extract the files.
Old versions and testing versions can be found at http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/ed/.
For general discussion of errors (bugs) in ed, the mailing list firstname.lastname@example.org is the most appropriate forum. Please send messages as plain text. Please do not send messages encoded as HTML nor encoded as base64 nor included as multiple formats. Please include a descriptive subject line with the word "ed" in it.
An archive of the bug report mailing list is available at http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/bug-ed.
To contact the maintainer, either to report an error (bug) or to contribute fixes or improvements, send mail to email@example.com. Please send messages as plain text. If posting patches they should be in unified diff format against the latest version. They should include a text description.
See also the ed project page at Savannah.
Ed is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
Return to GNU's home page.
Please send FSF & GNU inquiries & questions to firstname.lastname@example.org. There are also other ways to contact the FSF.
Please send comments on this particular web page to email@example.com, send comments about www.gnu.org web pages in general to firstname.lastname@example.org, send other questions to email@example.com.
Copyright © 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.
Updated: $Date: 2022/02/04 23:51:04 $ $Author: antonio $