The sections below describe all the various kinds of simplifications Calc provides in full detail. None of Calc’s simplification commands are designed to pull rabbits out of hats; they simply apply certain specific rules to put formulas into less redundant or more pleasing forms. Serious algebra in Calc must be done manually, usually with a combination of selections and rewrite rules. See Rearranging Formulas using Selections. See Rewrite Rules.

See Simplification Modes, for commands to control what level of
simplification occurs automatically. Normally the algebraic
simplifications described below occur. If you have turned on a
simplification mode which does not do these algebraic simplifications,
you can still apply them to a formula with the `a s`
(`calc-simplify`

) [`simplify`

] command.

There are some simplifications that, while sometimes useful, are never
done automatically. For example, the `I` prefix can be given to
`a s`; the `I a s` command will change any trigonometric
function to the appropriate combination of ‘`sin`’s and ‘`cos`’s
before simplifying. This can be useful in simplifying even mildly
complicated trigonometric expressions. For example, while the algebraic
simplifications can reduce ‘`sin(x) csc(x)`’ to ‘`1`’, they will not
simplify ‘`sin(x)^2 csc(x)`’. The command `I a s` can be used to
simplify this latter expression; it will transform ‘`sin(x)^2
csc(x)`’ into ‘`sin(x)`’. However, `I a s` will also perform
some “simplifications” which may not be desired; for example, it
will transform ‘`tan(x)^2`’ into ‘`sin(x)^2 / cos(x)^2`’. The
Hyperbolic prefix `H` can be used similarly; the `H a s` will
replace any hyperbolic functions in the formula with the appropriate
combinations of ‘`sinh`’s and ‘`cosh`’s before simplifying.