The libraries listed here are only used for very specific applications, therefore if you don’t want these operations, Gnuastro will be built and installed without them and you don’t have to have the dependencies.
./configure script can’t find these requirements, it will
warn you in the end that they are not present and notify you of the
operation(s) you can’t do due to not having them. If the output you request
from a program requires a missing library, that program is going to warn
you and abort. In the case of executables like GPL GhostScript, if you
install them at a later time, the program will run. This is because if
required libraries are not present at build time, the executables cannot be
built, but an executable is called by the built program at run time so if
it becomes available, it will be used. If you do install an optional
library later, you will have to rebuild Gnuastro and reinstall it for it to
Git is one of the most common version control systems (see Version controlled source). When libgit2 is present, and Gnuastro’s
programs are run within a version controlled directory, outputs will
contain the version number of the working directory’s repository for future
reproducibility. See the
COMMIT keyword header in Output headers for a discussion.
libjpeg is only used by ConvertType to read from and write to JPEG images. libjpeg is a very basic library that provides tools to read and write JPEG images, most of the GNU/Linux graphic programs and libraries use it. Therefore you most probably already have it installed. libjpeg-turbo is an alternative to libjpeg. It uses SIMD instructions for ARM based systems that significantly decreases the processing time of JPEG compression and decompression algorithms.
GPL Ghostscript’s executable (
gs) is called used by
ConvertType to compile a PDF file from a source PostScript file, see
ConvertType. Therefore its headers (and libraries) are not
needed. With a very high probability you already have it in your
GNU/Linux distribution. Unfortunately it does not follow the standard
GNU build style so installing it is very hard. It is best to rely on
your distribution’s package managers for this.