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This is a translation of an original page in English.

1983 年 9 月,Richard Stallman 宣布了开发一个自由的类 Unix 操作系统的计划,这个计划被称为 GNU 。 GNU 是唯一一个为用户的自由而设计的操作系统。

GNU 是什么?

GNU is a Unix-like operating system that is free software—it respects your freedom. You can install versions of GNU (more precisely, GNU/Linux systems) which are entirely free software.

The GNU Project was launched in 1984 to develop the GNU system. The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix!”.


类 Unix 操作系统是由一系列应用程序、系统库和开发工具构成的 软件集合 , 并加上用于资源分配和硬件管理的内核。

GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.

GNU's own kernel, The Hurd continues to be developed because it is an interesting technical project.


自由软件” 是权利问题,不是价格问题。要理解这个概念,自由应该是“言论自由”中的“自由”,而不是“免费啤酒”中的“免费”。

自由软件关乎使用者运行、复制、发布、研究、修改和改进该软件的自由。 更精确地说,自由软件赋予软件使用者四种自由:

  • The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • 有研究该软件如何运行,以及按需改写该软件的自由(自由之一)。取得该软件源代码为达成此目的之前提。
  • 有重新发布拷贝的自由,这样你可以借此来敦亲睦邻(自由之二)。
  • 有改进该软件,以及向公众发布改进的自由,这样整个社群都可受惠(自由之三)。取得该软件源码为达成此目的之前提。

How to pronounce GNU

“GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.

立即下载 GNU 软件

Planet GNU RSS 订阅

GNU Parallel 20141022 ('Shellshock') released: GNU Parallel 20141022 ('Shellshock') has been released. It is available for download at: http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/parallel/ Shellshock has also hit... more

GNU FreeDink 108.4: Here's a new bugfix release of the GNU FreeDink game :) http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/freedink/freedink-108.4.tar.gz - Never recreate an empty hard.dat in the game, even if th... more

Richard Stallman - "The Free Software Movement" (Houston, TX): The Free Software Movement campaigns for computer users' freedom to cooperate and control their own computing. The Free... more

更多新闻,请访问 Planet GNU


Tar provides the ability to create tar archives, as well as the ability to extract, update or list files in an existing archive. It is useful for combining many files into one larger file, while maintaining directory structure and file information such as permissions and creation/modification dates. GNU tar offers many extensions over the standard utility. (doc)

Short descriptions for all GNU packages.


您能为这些 高优先级的项目做出贡献码? Gnash, coreboot, 自由的 GNU/Linux 发行版, GNU Octave, 网络路由器驱动,GDB的反向调试,自动视频编码转换,PowerVR 驱动,还有 Skype, OpenDWG 库和 Oracle Forms 的自由软件替代品。

你能帮助接手下列 失去维护的 GNU 软件包 吗? gleem, gnukart, halifax, jwhois, metahtml, orgadoc, polyxmass, superopt, teximpatient, are all looking for maintainers. Also, these packages are looking for co-maintainers: aspell, gnuae, metaexchange, powerguru. See the package web pages for more information.

[FSF logo]“Our mission is to preserve, protect and promote the freedom to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer software, and to defend the rights of Free Software users.”

The Free Software Foundation is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Operating System. Support GNU and the FSF by buying manuals and gear, joining the FSF as an associate member, or making a donation, either directly to the FSF or via Flattr.


FSF 欧洲 拉丁美洲 印度 也有姊妹组织。